Syria has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Syria and important events related to Syria history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Syria Country Profile
The name Syria comes from ancient Greek. In ancient times, Yavan used to call this area Seriyoi. This term was often used for all types of Assyrians. Scholars say that the word Assyria, used by the Greeks, is the origin of the Syrian name. After the various settlements of Assyrian, Sumerian, Egyptian and Babylonian peoples, the Hakhamani Kingdom of Persia took over it in the sixth century BCE. The Persians continued to dominate the whole of West Asia for the next two centuries. 330 years before Christ, Alexander of Macedonia (Macedonia) defeated Shah Dara III of Persia in three different wars. After this, Syria remained divided between the Sasani and the Romans. The word Assyria itself comes from the Assur of Akkadi language. After gaining independence from France in April 1946, the Baath Party has dominated the rule here. The Emergency has been in force since 1963, due to which the rulers of the Assad family are people from 1970 onwards.
Most of the region of Syria is arid. Adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the coastal areas of the Furat River are moist and green. The main part of the population lives in these places. The Furat River is the most important river in Syria. This region is the home of the world's oldest civilization. In the southeast of the country is Damascus which is the largest city along with the capital of the country.
Syria is a developing economy with its major pillars being agriculture, petroleum, industry and tourism. The decline in oil production, poor performance of non-governmental establishments and low industrial and agricultural production have weakened the Syrian economy. The GDP growth rate here is 2.9 percent. It is estimated that Syria will become an importer rather than an exporter of oil by 2012. Gas is not exported from Syria. The government is taking steps in this direction. The unemployment rate, according to the Syrian government, is 7.5%. Petroleum was first discovered here in 1956. There are major oil fields in Suvidiya, Qartsui and Rumaiya. These oil fields are natural extensions of the oil fields near Mosul and Kirkuk in Iraq. Natural gas deposits were discovered at Jabesa in 1940. Petroleum is the main export of Syria.
Arabic is the official language. People from Kurdish areas also speak Kurdish language. Educated people also speak English and French.
Syria Important Facts
- Syria is officially called the Syrian Arab Republic, a country located in the southwest of Asia.
- Syria borders Turkey to the north, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the east, and Lebanon and the Mediterranean to the west.
- Syria gained independence from France on 17 April 1946.
- The total area of Syria is 185,180 sq km. (71,500 square miles).
- The official language of Syria is Arabic.
- The Syrian currency is named Syrian Pound.
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Syria in 2016 was 18.8 million.
- The religion of most people in Syria is Islam which is Sunni community.
- The most important ethnic group in Syria is Syrian Arabs, Arameans, Kurds and Turkomans etc.
- The highest mountain in Syria is Mount Hermon, which is 2,814 meters high.
- The longest river in Syria is the Euphrates River, which has a length of 2,800 km.
- The largest lake in Syria is Lake Assad, which is an artificial lake which is 525 square kilometers. Spread over an area.
- The Syrian New Year is celebrated on 1 April with the arrival of spring, known as Kha b-Nisan, which means the first day of the month of Nissan.
- The Syrian civil war is an ongoing multi-party armed conflict in Syria, mainly between the government and civilians, still going on since 15 March 2011.
- Syria has been suspended from the Arab League from 16 November 2011 to the present.
Syria Important History Events
- 08 june 218 - Elagabalus became the king of Rome. He defeated the Roman Emperor Macrinus in the battle of Antioch. Syrian legions supported Elagabalus in the battle.
- 07 may 351 - Jews in the Roman province of Syria Palaestina rebelled againstthe rule of Constantius Gallus, Caesar of the Eastern Roman Empire.
- 20 august 636 - Rashidun forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid took control of Syriaand Palestine in the Battle of Yarmouk, marking the first great wave ofMuslim conquests after the death of Muhammad.
- 18 august 684 - Second Fitna-Umayyad partisans defeated the supporters of Ibnal-Zubayr and cemented Umayyad control of Syria.
- 15 june 763 - The Eclipse of Bur-Sagale was observed in Assyria, theearliest solar eclipse mentioned in historical sources that has beensuccessfully identified.
- 10 August 1822 - A devastating earthquake in Syria killed 20,000 people.
- 16 may 1916 - The United Kingdom and France signed the Sykes–Picot Agreement, a secret agreement considered to have shaped the Middle East, defining the borders of Iraq and Syria.
- 11 June 1932 - Mohammed Ali Al-Abid became the first President of Syria.
- 07 august 1933 - An estimated 3,000 Assyrians were slaughtered by Iraqi troopsduring the Simele massacre in the Dahuk and Mosul districts.
- 22 march 1945 - Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan, andYemen founded the Arab League, a regional organization that facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific and social programs designedto promote the interests of the Arab world.
Populated Cities of Syria
Madinat ath Thawrah, Abu Kamal, As Suwayda, Tadmur, Al Ladhiqiyah, Ad Nabk, Douma, Hamah, Al Qunaytirah, Izaz, Dayr az Zawr, Aleppo, Damascus, Ar Raqqah, Tartus, Dar'a, Idlib, Al Hasakah, Manbij, Al Qamishli, Hims,
6 Neighbour countries of Syria
Cyprus [M] , Iraq [L] , Israel [L] , Jordan [L] , Lebanon [LM] , Turkey [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)