Finland History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Country Information, Europe Continent

Finland has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Finland and important events related to Finland history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Finland Country Profile


Finland History

The history of Finland is about 9000 years old, it is found here many different ceramic styles of Stone Age and important information related to them. The Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterized by large contacts with other cultures in Fennoscandia and the Baltic region. From the late 13th century, Finland had gradually become an integral part of Sweden as a result of the Northern Crusade. In 1809, as a result of the Finnish War, Finland was repulsed by the Russian Empire. After which the people of Finland gradually began to understand and value freedom, and finally in 1906, Finland became the first European state to give voting rights to all adult citizens, and first of all in the world to all adult citizens The right to run for public office was granted./p>

Nicholas II, the last tsar of the Russian Empire, tried to angered Finland and also ended his political autonomy. But after the Russian Revolution of 1917, Finland declared itself independent of the empire. During World War II, Finland fought the Soviet Union in the Winter War and the Continuity War and Nazi Germany in the Lapland War. After the wars, Finland lost part of its territory, but maintained its independence.

Finland Geography

Finland has about 168,000 lakes and 179,000 islands. Its largest lake, Syma, is the fourth largest lake in Europe. Finnish Lakeland is the region with the most lakes in the country; Several major cities in the region, notably Tampere, Jwascilla and Cuopio, are located in the vicinity of the large lakes. The largest concentration of islands is found in the southwest between continental Finland in the Archipelago Sea and the main island of Åland. The main factor affecting Finland's climate is the geographical location of the country between the 60th and 70th northern similarities in the coastal region of the Eurasian continent. In the Köppen climate classification, there is a boreal zone throughout Finland, characterized by hot summers and snowy winters.

Finland Economy

The per capita production in Finland's economy is similar to other European economies such as France, Germany, Belgium or the UK. The largest sector of the economy is the services sector at 66% of GDP, followed by manufacturing and refining at 31%. Primary production represents 2.9%. Regarding foreign trade, the major economic sector is manufacturing. The largest industries in 2007 were electronics (22%), machinery, vehicles and other metal products (21.1%), forest industries (13%) and chemicals (11%). In 2008 GDP was at its peak. As of 2015, the country's economy is at 2006 levels.

Finland Language

Finnish and Swedish are the official languages ​​of Finland. Finnish is nationwide, while Swedish is spoken in some coastal areas to the west and south, and in the autonomous region of theland, which is the only monolingual Swedish-speaking region in Finland. The native language of 87.3% of the population is Finnish, which is part of the Finnish subgroup of Uralic languages. The language is one of only four official EU languages ​​not of Indo-European origin.

Finland Important Facts

  • Finland is officially called the Republic of Finland. It is a Nordic country located in the Phenoscanadian region of Northern Europe.
  • Finland is bordered by Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, and Norway to the north.
  • Finland gained independence from Russia on 6 December 1917.
  • The total area of ​​Finland is 338,424 sq km (130,666 sq mi).
  • The official language of Finland is Finnish, Swedish.
  • The currency of Finland is named Euro.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Finland in 2016 was 5.5 million.
  • Finland is the eighth largest in Europe by area and the least populous country in the European Union by population.
  • The mobile company Nokia and Angry Birds game maker Rovio are from Finland.
  • Finland was ranked first in the 2014 NRI rankings.
  • Finland is also called the 'country of lakes' because there are 1,87,888 lakes here.
  • In Finland, traffic challans are deducted according to the salary of the people.
  • National Sleepy Head Day is celebrated in Finland. On this day, if someone sleeps for a long time, he is awakened by a bucket of water.
  • Finland has 23 hours of light. The sun hides here after 23 hours.
  • In April 2012, Finland was ranked second in the Gross National Happiness in a report published by The Earth Institute.

Finland Important History Events

  • 20 january 1156 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slew Bishop Henry of Finland with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Köyliö, Finland.
  • 21 february 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, was grantedresignation by Pope Innocent IV after having confessed to torture andforgery.
  • 09 October 1771 - The merchant ship Whowa Maria sank near the coast of Finland.
  • 21 February 1808 - Finnish War: Russian soldiers crossed the border into Finland without declaring war.
  • 29 September 1808 - A dispute between Swedish and Russian troops was announced in Finland; It ended on 19 October.
  • 13 may 1848 - Maamme, the national anthem of Finland written by German composer Fredrik Pacius and Finnish poet Johan Ludvig Runeberg, was performed for the first time.
  • 13 May 1848 - The national anthem of Finland was first performed.
  • 23 September 1857 - The Russian warship Laffert went missing in a severe storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing 826 people.
  • 07 March 1906 - Finland got women the right to vote.
  • 15 March 1907 - Finland became the first European country to give women the right to vote.

Populated Cities of Finland

Lahti, Jyvaskyla, Kuopio, Sodankyla, Kemijarvi, Pori, Lappeenranta, Vaasa, Joensuu, Hameenlinna, Kokkola, Mikkeli, Rovaniemi, Kouvola, Savonlinna, Tampere, Kemi, Turku, Oulu, Porvoo, Helsinki, Seinajoki, Kajaani, Mariehamn,

4 Neighbour countries of Finland

Estonia [M] , Norway [L] , Russia [LM] , Sweden [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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