Oman History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Oman has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Oman and important events related to Oman history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Oman Country Profile

CurrencyOmani rial

Oman History

According to an article in Sumerian civilization it was known as Magan. The name Oman derives from the Er Arabian race who came from the Uman region of Yemen. From the sixth century BCE to the middle of the seventh century, three dynasties of Iran (Persia) ruled here - Hakhamani, Parthian and Sasani. Islam arrived in Oman in the seventh century, during the lifetime of Muhammad Saheb. From 1508-1648, there were Portuguese colonies that were built to control sea routes after Vasco da Gama discovered India. The Portuguese had to return after Portugal had taken control of Portugal. The Omanis then drove the Portuguese out of the East African coastal regions.

Oman Geography

Oman is a vast gravel desert plain northward (Al Thousand Mountains) and southeastern coast (Qara or Duffar Mountains), where the main cities of the country are located: mountain cities, along with Muscat, Sohar and Sur, most of central Oman Located in Salalah to the north, and south. The climate of Oman is hot and dry and moist along the coast. During previous eras, Oman was covered by the sea, as evidenced by the large number of fossils found in desert areas far from the modern coastline.

Oman Economy

The Basic Law of the Kingdom of Oman has stated in Article 11 that "the national economy is based on the principles of justice and free economy." By regional standards, Oman has a relatively diversified economy, but is dependent on oil exports. In terms of monetary value, mineral fuels accounted for 82.2 percent of total product exports in 2018. Tourism is the fastest growing industry in Oman. Other sources of income, agriculture and industry, are smaller in comparison and account for less than 1% of the country's exports, but diversification is seen as a priority by the government. Agriculture, often subsistence in its character, produces dates, limes, grains and vegetables, but with less than 1% of the country under cultivation, Oman is likely to remain a net importer of food.

Oman Language

Arabic is the official language of Oman. It belongs to the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic family. According to the CIA, apart from Arabic, English, Baluchi (Southern Baluchi), Urdu and various Indian languages ​​are the main languages ​​spoken in Oman. English is widely spoken in the business community and studied in school from an early age. Almost all the signs and writings in both Arabic and English are visible on the tourist spots. Baluchi is the mother tongue of the Baloch people of Baluchistan in western Pakistan, eastern Iran and southern Afghanistan. It is also used by some descendants of Sindhi sailors.

Oman Important Facts

  • Oman, officially called the Sultanate of Oman, lies east-south of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Oman borders Saudi Arabia to the south and west to the Arabian Sea border and the United Arab Emirates to the north.
  • Oman gained independence from Britain in 1970.
  • Under the 1996 State Basic Law of the Constitution, Oman is a full-fledged monarchy (sultanate).
  • Oman has a monarchy whose current ruler is Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al Said.
  • The total area of ​​Oman is 309,500 sq km. (119,500 sq mi).
  • The official language of Oman is Arabic.
  • The currency of Oman is Riyal.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Oman in 2016 was 44.2 million.
  • The religion of most people in Oman is Islam.
  • The situation of women in Oman is better than other Arab countries because they have been given the same right to vote in elections and participate in elections.
  • Oman has a tropical climate with an average temperature of 30 ° C.
  • The Muscat Clock Tower in Oman is the oldest monument in modern Oman.
  • The highest mountain in Oman is Jebel Shams, which has a height of 3,028 meters.
  • The largest Musanadam Governorate of Oman is Spreads over an area of 1,800 km.

Oman Important History Events

  • 18 september 14 - Tiberius, one of Rome's greatest generals,succeeded his stepfather Augustus as Roman emperor.
  • 16 january 27 - Gaius Octavianus was given the title Augustus by the Roman Senate when he became the first Roman emperor.
  • 24 january 41 - Cassius Chaerea and the disgruntled Praetorian Guard murdered Roman emperor Caligula, replacing him with his uncle Claudius.
  • 15 march 44 - Dictator Julius Caesar of the Roman Republic was stabbed todeath by Marcus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators.
  • 13 october 54 - Claudius, the first Roman emperor to be born outside Italy, died mysteriously, most likely by poison administered by his wife Agrippina.
  • 14 october 54 - Claudius, the first Roman emperor to be born outside Italy, diedmysteriously, most likely by poison administered by his wife Agrippina.
  • 19 july 64 - The Great Fire of Rome started among the shops around the CircusMaximus, eventually destroying three of fourteen Roman districts andseverely damaging seven others.
  • 08 june 65 - Jews revolted against Rome. They captured the fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem. The Roman-Jewish conflicts or ‘wars’ were serial revolts by the Jews of the Eastern Mediterranean against the Roman Empire between 65 and 135 A.D.
  • 09 june 68 - Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide. He implored his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging. Nero was the last ruler of Julio-Claudian dynasty and infamously known as the “Emperor who fiddled while Rome burned”.
  • 04 august 70 - First Jewish–Roman War-The Roman army, led by the futureEmperor Titus, conquered the city of Jerusalem and destroyed the SecondTemple.

Populated Cities of Oman

Targu Jiu, Tulcea, Targoviste, Resita, Bistrita, Slatina, Muscat, Calarasi, Nizwa, Vaslui, Giurgiu, Deva, Alba Lulia, Zalau, Sfintu-Gheorghe, Slobozia, Alexandria, Alayat Samail, Miercurea Cuic, Iasi, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Galati, Brasov, Craiova, Constanta, As Sib, Ploiesti, Oradea, Braila, Salalah, Dawwah, Bacau, Bucharest, Pitesti, Arad, Sibiu, Suhar, Tirgu Mures, Baia Mare, Buzau, Botosani, Satu Mare, Mirbat, Rimnicu Vilcea, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Suceava, Focsani, Piatra-Neamt, Ibri, Hayma', Sur, Khasab, Suhar, Hunedoara, Ibra', Al Buraymi, Ar Rustaq,

5 Neighbour countries of Oman

Iran [M] , Pakistan [M] , Saudi Arabia [L] , United Arab Emirates [LM] , Yemen [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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