Iran History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Iran has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Iran and important events related to Iran history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Iran Country Profile

CountryIran
CapitalTehran
CurrencyIranian rial
ContinentAsia
FounderCyrus the Great

Iran History

The ancient name of Iran was Persia. In 550 AD, when Kurosh established the power of Pars, then the empire spread from Egypt to modern Afghanistan and from Bukhara to the Persian Gulf. Under this empire, there were Egyptians, Arabs, Greeks, Aryans (Iran), Jews and many other people. Iran is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, beginning with the formation of the Elamite states in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian meds in the seventh century BCE, and reached its regional height in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great established the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus River, Which made it the largest. In the 15th century, native Safavids re-established a unified Iranian state and national identity.

Under Nadir Shah's rule in the 18th century, Iran once again became a major world power, although by the 19th century a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire caused significant regional losses. The early 20th century saw the Persian constitutional revolution. Attempts from Western companies to nationalize their fossil fuel supplies led to an Anglo-American coup in 1953, resulting in more autocratic rule under Mohammed Raza Pahlavi and increasing Western political influence. The current Islamic Republic was established in 1979, after the Iranian Revolution.

Iran Geography

Iran is traditionally considered a part of the Middle East because historically it has been associated with other countries of the Middle East. It lies between the north of the Arabian Sea and the Caspian Sea and has an area of ​​16,48,000 square kilometers which is about half of the total area of ​​India. It has a total land length of 5440 km and is located between Iraq, Armenia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Caspian Sea has a border of about 740 kilometers. In terms of area, it comes at number 18 in the world. The ground floor here is mainly plateau, hill and desert.

Iran Economy

Iran's economy is a mix of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trade and service ventures. In 2017, GDP was $ 427.7 billion ($ 1.631 trillion in PPP), or $ 20,000 per PPP. Iran has been ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank. In the early 21st century, the services sector contributed the largest percentage of GDP, followed by industry (mining and manufacturing) and agriculture, etc.

Iran Language

The majority of Iran's population speaks Persian, which is also the country's official language. Others include languages belonging to several Iranian languages within the greater Indo-European family and belonging to some other ethnic languages residing in Iran.

Iran Important Facts

  • Iran, officially called the Iranian Islamic Republic, is located in the southwestern section of Asia which was called Persia before 1935.
  • Iran is translated into Persian as the land of the Aryans, which reflects its relationship with the Indian subcontinent.
  • Iran is bordered by Iraq and Turkey in the west, Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea and Azerbaijan in the north, the Persian Gulf in the south and Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east.
  • The total area of ​​Iran is 1,648,195 sq km. (636,372 square miles).
  • The official language of Iran is Persian.
  • The name of the currency of Iran is Riyal.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Iran in 2016 was 8.03 crore.
  • The religion of most people in Iran is Islam which belongs to Shia community. The religion of Islam is also considered as Rajdharma.
  • The important ethnic group in Iran is Kurdish and Iranian.
  • According to Islamic rules in Iran, temporary marriage is legal, which is called Mut'ah marriages and Pleasure Marriage.
  • The highest mountain in Iran is Mount Damavand, which has a height of 5,610 meters.
  • The longest river in Iran is the Karun River, which has a length of 950 km. Which is the only navigable river in Iran.
  • Lake Urmia is Iran's largest lake, which is 5,200 sq km. Spreads over.
  • Iran participated in the Olympic Games for the first time in 1948 and has been participating in the Olympic Games every time till now, winning a total of 69 medals in the Olympic Games.
  • Iran officially adopted its national flag on 29 July 1980, in which green is the color of Islam, white is the symbol of honesty and peace, red is the symbol of bravery and valor.

Iran Important History Events

  • 12 april 240 - Shapur I was crowned shahanshah ('king of kings') of the Sasanian Empire, the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam.
  • 16 june 632 - The final king of the Sasanian Empire of Iran, Yazdegerd III,took the throne at the age of eight.
  • 07 march 1010 - Persian poet Ferdowsi completed his masterpiece, the Shahnameh,the national epic of Iran and related societies.
  • 15 december 1256 - The Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran wascaptured and destroyed by Hulagu Khan and the Mongols.
  • 23 august 1514 - Ottoman forces defeated the Safavids at the Battle ofChaldiran, gaining control of eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq.
  • 08 march 1736 - Nader Shah, founder of the Afsharid dynasty, was crowned Shah of Iran.
  • 26 May 1739 - Afghanistan was separated from India as a result of a treaty between the Mughal emperor Mohammad Shah and Nadir Shah of Iran.
  • 24 February 1739 - Battle of Karnal: The army of the Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeated the army of Mohammad Shah, the Mughal Emperor of India.
  • 02 july 1757 - Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula was captured and assassinated. He was stabbed with a knife by Muhammad Beg at the instance of Miran. Siraj ud-Daulah was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign is noticeable with the start of British East India Company rule in Bengal and later almost all over the South Asia.
  • 02 June 1793 - Girandin was destroyed in France.

Populated Cities of Iran

Ahvaz, Bam, Qom, Yasuj, Behbehan, Kermanshah, Tehran, Chabahar, Zahedan, Rasht, Kerman, Urmia, Bijar, Hamadan, Arak, Yazd, Qazvin, Bandar-e-Abbas, Khomeini Shahr, Ardabil, Khorramabad, Abadan, Zanjan, Sanandaj, Birjand, Dezful, Gorgan, Sari, Borujerd, Kashan, Mashhad, Zabol, Sabzewar, Neyshabur, Amol, Bojnurd, Khvoy, Varamin, Malayer, Saveh, Sirjan, Bandar-e Bushehr, Isfahan, Mahabad, Gonbad-e Kavus, Kashmar, Masjed Soleyman, Ilam, Maragheh, Quchan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shahrud, Shar e Kord, Marv Dasht, Semnan, Fasa, Shiraz, Qomsheh, Qasr-e Shirin, Torbat-e Jam, Ahar, Sari, Ilam,

13 Neighbour countries of Iran

Afghanistan [L] , Armenia [L] , Azerbaijan [LM] , Bahrain [M] , Iraq [LM] , Kuwait [M] , Oman [M] , Pakistan [LM] , Qatar [M] , Saudi Arabia [M] , Turkey [L] , Turkmenistan [LM] , United Arab Emirates [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Iran

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1947Shirin Ebadi / Female / Writer / Iran
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