Saudi Arabia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Saudi Arabia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Saudi Arabia and important events related to Saudi Arabia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Saudi Arabia Country Profile

CountrySaudi Arabia
CapitalRiyadh
CurrencySaudi Arabian Riyal
ContinentAsia
FounderIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia History

The modern-day region of Saudi Arabia consisted mainly of Hezaz, Najd and four separate regions of eastern Arabia (al-Ahsa) and southern Arabia (Asir). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud. In the early days, civilized tribal communities inhabited the deserts of modern Saudi Arabia, with the exception of trading cities such as Mecca and Medina, located in the Hijaz region west of the Arabian Peninsula. From the 10th century to the early twentieth century Mecca and Medina were under the rule of a local ruler known as the Sharif of Mecca. Arab dynasties originating from the modern times of Saudi included Rashidun (632–661), Umayyad (661–750), Abbasid (750–1517) and Fatim (909–1171) caliphates as well as Asia, Africa and many other dynasties Established.

Saudi Arabia Geography

Saudi Arabia is about 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula (the world's largest peninsula). Because the country's southern borders with the United Arab Emirates and Oman are not accurately marked, the exact size of the country is undefined. The CIA World Factbook estimates 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi) and lists Saudi Arabia as the 14th largest country in the world. The land here is predominantly sandy and receives very little rainfall. This country is a region of tropical deserts. Only 1% of the country's land is agricultural.

Saudi Arabia Economy

As of October 2018, Saudi Arabia is the largest economy in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. Saudi Arabia has the second largest proven petroleum reserves in the world and the country is the largest exporter of petroleum. It also has the fifth largest proven natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is considered an "energy superpower". It is the third largest total estimated value of natural resources, valued at US $ 34.4 trillion in 2016.

Saudi Arabia Language

The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic. The three main regional versions spoken by the Saudis are Hejazi Arabic (about 6 million speakers), Nazadi Arabic (about 8 million speakers), and Gulf Arabic (about 0.2 million speakers). Fafi is spoken by around 50,000. The Saudi sign language is the dominant language of the deaf community. Large expatriate communities also speak their language, most of which are Tagalog (700,000), Rohingya (400,000), Urdu (380,000), Egyptian Arabic (300,000) and Indonesian (250,000).

Saudi Arabia Important Facts

  • Saudi Arabia, officially called the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Islamic country located in the southwest of Asia.
  • Saudi Arabia is bordered by Kuwait, the Persian Gulf and the United Arab Emirates to the east, the Red Sea and Egypt to the west, Oman to the south, Yemen, and Iraq and Jordan to the north.
  • The monarchy in Saudi Arabia was established during about 1750 AD which was discovered in 1932 and accepted by the United Nations as a nation in 1945.
  • The current ruler of Saudi Arabia is named Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, who has held the position of king since 2015.
  • The total area of ​​Saudi Arabia is 2,149,690 sq km. (830,000 square miles).
  • The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.
  • The Saudi Riyal is the currency of Saudi Arabia.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Saudi Arabia was 3.23 million in 2016.
  • In Saudi Arabia, the religion of most people is Islam which belongs to the Sunni community.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Saudi Arabia are Arabic and Afro Arabic.
  • The climate of Saudi Arabia is tropical desert climate where the temperature is very high throughout the year.
  • Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that does not have a single river.
  • Mecca of Saudi Arabia is considered to be the birth of Mohammad Prophet Sahab. Two big Islamic religious places like Mecca and Medina are also where non-Muslims are not allowed to go.
  • Saudi Arabia has the world's largest camel market called Riyadh Camel Market where about 100 camels are sold every day.

Saudi Arabia Important History Events

  • 13 march 624 - Led by Muhammad, the Muslims of Medina defeated the Quraysh ofMecca in Badr, present-day Saudi Arabia.
  • 08 june 632 - Prophet of Islam, Muhammad died in Medina, Saudi Arabia. He was succeeded by Abu Bakr, who became the first Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 20 june 712 - Muhammad Bin Quasim, Arabs, attacked on Sindh and captured it. Muhammad defeated and killed King Dahir, Hindu king, at Rawar. He was an Umayyad general who conquered the Sindh and Multan regions along the Indus River for the Umayyad Caliphate. He was born and raised in the city of Taif (in modern-day Saudi Arabia). Qasim's conquest of Sindh and southern-most parts of Multan enabled further Islamic expansion into India.
  • 11 November 1888 - Freedom fighter Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Saudi Arabia.
  • 01 August 1924 - King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was born.
  • 20 march 1927 - By the Treaty of Jeddah, the United Kingdom recognized the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud over Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged to become Saudi Arabia.
  • 20 may 1927 - By the Treaty of Jeddah, the United Kingdom recognized thes overeignty of King Ibn Saud over Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged tobecome Saudi Arabia.
  • 21 may 1927 - The United Kingdom recognized the sovereignty of King Abdul Aziz in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd on May 20, 1927 by signing the Treaty of Jeddah. Hejaz and Nejd were merged into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
  • 20 May 1927 - Saudi Arabia gained independence from Britain.
  • 23 september 1932 - The Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz merged with Al-Hasa and Qatif to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with Ibn Saud as the first monarch and Riyadh as the capital city.

Populated Cities of Saudi Arabia

Az Zahran, Qal at Bishah, Al Quwayiyah, At Taif, Rafha, Al Hufuf, Al Hillah, Tabuk, Riyadh, Al Wajh, Buraydah, Hail, Najran, Al-Qatif, Jeddah, Al Mubarraz, Al Kharj, Yanbu al Bahr, Hafar al Batin, As Sulayyil, Al Jubayl, Dawmat al Jandal, Arar, Abha, Ad Damman, Al Qunfudhah, Makkah, Sakakah, Jizan, Medina, An Nabk, Al Bahah,

12 Neighbour countries of Saudi Arabia

Bahrain [M] , Egypt [M] , Eritrea [M] , Iran [M] , Iraq [L] , Jordan [LM] , Kuwait [LM] , Oman [L] , Qatar [LM] , Sudan [M] , United Arab Emirates [LM] , Yemen [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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