Uganda History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Uganda has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Uganda and important events related to Uganda history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Uganda Country Profile

CurrencyUganda Shilling
GroupAfrican Union
FormationOctober 9, 1962

Uganda History

Uganda derives its name from the state of Buganda, which covers a large part of the country's south, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunters from 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when the Bantu-speaking population migrated to the southern parts of the country. In 1894, the region was ruled as a protector by Britain, which established administrative law throughout the region. Uganda gained independence from the UK on 9 October 1962. The period has since been marked by violent conflicts, including an eight-year military dictatorship led by Idi Amin. Additionally, a protracted civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army in the Northern Territory, led by Joseph Cooney, caused hundreds of thousands of casualties.

Uganda Geography

The country of Uganda is located on the East African Plateau, at a distance of about 1,100 meters (3,609 ft) above sea level, extending a great distance northward to the Sudanese Plain. Some international trade organizations classify Kenya as part of the Greater Horn of Africa. Much of the country's south is influenced by one of the world's largest lakes, Lake Victoria, which includes several islands. The most important cities are located in the south, near this lake, the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.

Uganda Economy

Uganda's central bank is the "Bank of Uganda". The country is experiencing continued economic growth. In the financial year 2015-16, Uganda registered real GDP growth of 4.6 percent and at least 11.6 percent. This compares to the 5.0 percent real growth in the financial year 2014-15. The country has large reserves of both crude oil and natural gas. While 56 percent of agriculture was in 1986 with coffee as the main export in the economy, it is now overtaken by the services sector, which in 2007 accounted for 52 percent of GDP. Uganda has 35 airports. Commercial airlines operate scheduled passenger services out of four airports. Uganda has an international airport, Entebbe International Airport, located 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Kampala. Airport traffic in 2017 hit 1.53 million passengers, an 8% increase from the previous year. A second international airport, Hoima International Airport, is currently under construction.

Uganda Language

Swahili, a widely used language in the African Great Lakes region, was approved in 2005 as the country's second official national language. English was the only official language until the Constitution was amended in 2005. However, Swahili is not liked by the Bantu speakers. Populated in the south and southwest of the country, it is an important language in the northern regions. It is also widely used in police and military forces.

Uganda Important Facts

  • Uganda is officially called the Republic of Uganda which is a landlock country located in the east of Africa.
  • Uganda is bordered by Sudan in the north, Rwanda and Tanzania in the southwest, Kenya in the east and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west.
  • In Uganda motorcycles are used as taxis, locally known as boda-boda.
  • Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 9 March 1956.
  • The total area of ​​Uganda is 241,038 sq km. (93,065 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of Uganda are English and Swahili.
  • The name of the currency of Uganda is Uganda Shilling.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Uganda in 2016 was 4.15 crore.
  • In Uganda, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Uganda are the Buganda and the Akholi.
  • Uganda has a tropics, with temperatures ranging from 21–25 ° C.
  • The highest mountain in Uganda is Mount Stanley, which has a height of 5,109 meters.
  • The longest river in Uganda is the White Nile River, which has a length of 3,700 km.
  • Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Uganda covering an area of ​​68,800 sq km.
  • The national dish of Uganda is Matooke.

Uganda Important History Events

  • 03 June 1886 - 24 Christians were burnt alive in Namagongo, Uganda.
  • 26 December 1890 - King Mwanga of Uganda signed a contract with the East Africa Company.
  • 18 June 1894 - The first was the Rosenberry Uganda declared a British patronage.
  • 09 September 1967 - Uganda gained independence from Britain.
  • 25 january 1971 - Idi Amin Dada seized power in a military coup d'état from President Milton Obote, beginning eight years of military rule in Uganda.
  • 04 july 1976 - Israel Defense Forces raided Uganda's Entebbe InternationalAirport to free hostages taken by hijackers on Air France Flight 139.
  • 16 february 1977 - Archbishop Janani Luwum of the Church of Uganda, a leadingvoice against the regime of Idi Amin, was arrested for treason andmurdered the next day.
  • 11 april 1979 - Uganda–Tanzania War-The Uganda National Liberation Army and Tanzanian forces captured Kampala, forcing Ugandan President Idi Amin tofler.
  • 17 march 2000 - Over 700 followers of the Ugandan sect Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God perished in a fire and a series of poisonings and killings, considered either a cult suicide or an orchestrated mass murder by its leaders.
  • 18 March 2000 - 230 members of the Holocaust Day sect committed suicide in Uganda.

Populated Cities of Uganda

Katakwi, Mbarara, Masindi-Port, Bombo, Nakasongola, Kasese, Masaka, Kitgum, Kibale, Kalangala, Busia, Iganga, Kabale, Fort Portal, Mityana, Mbale, Moroto, Adjumani, Kaberamaido, Masindi, Pallisa, Nebbi, Jinja, Arua, Moyo, Kayunga, Katwe, Mubende, Pakwach, Entebbe, Ntungamo, Tororo, Gulu, Kiboga, Kampala, Sironko, Lira, Kumi, Kisoro, Kamuli, Kaabong, Mpigi, Soroti, Bugiri, Hoima, Nakapiripirit, Kyenjojo, Sembabule, Kamwenge, Wakiso, Rakai, Isingiro, Zombo, Luwero, Kotido, Buikwe, Lamwo, Agago, Napak, Luuka Town, Otuke, Alebtong, Amuria, Kole, Oyam, Abim, Binyin, Bulambuli, Bududa, Amudat, Bukwa, Kapchorwa, Rubirizi, Mitoma, Ntoroko, Kanoni, Kibingo, Nakaseke, Ibanda, Namayingo, Bukomansimbi, Kalungu, Kiruhura, Lyantonde, Buyende, Ngora, Kibuku, Buhweju, Bukedea, Koboko, Maracha, Yumbe, Bulisa, Kiryandongo, Nwoya, Amuru, Pader, Mayuge, Bundibugyo, Manafwa,

5 Neighbour countries of Uganda

Democratic Republic of the Congo [L] , Kenya [L] , Rwanda [L] , South Sudan [L] , Tanzania [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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