Sao Tome and Principe History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Sao Tome and Principe has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Sao Tome and Principe and important events related to Sao Tome and Principe history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Sao Tome and Principe Country Profile

CountrySao Tome and Principe
CapitalSao Tome
CurrencySão Tomé and Príncipe dobra
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJuly 12, 1975

Sao Tome and Principe History

The islands, discovered by Portuguese explorers in the 15th century, were uninhabited until their discovery. But gradually colonized and settled by the Portuguese in the 16th century, they collectively served as an important commercial and trade center for the Atlantic slave trade. The rich volcanic soil and proximity to the equator proved São Tomé and Príncipe as an important resource for sugar cultivation, later spreading cash crops such as coffee and cocoa. The population here had an attractive plantation economy at that time heavily dependent on imported African slaves. The cycles of social unrest and economic instability in the 19th and 20th centuries ended with peaceful independence in 1975. São Tomé and Principe have since remained one of the most stable and democratic countries in Africa.

Sao Tome and Principe Geography

The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe are located in the equatorial Atlantic and the Gulf of Guinea, approximately 300 and 250 km (190 and 160 mi) off the northwest coast of Gabon, respectively, constituting Africa's second smallest country. Both are part of the Cameroon volcano mountain line, including the islands of Anabon to the southwest, Bioko (both parts of Equatorial Guinea) to the northeast, and Mount Cameroon (Mount Cameroon) off the coast of the Gulf of Guinea.

Sao Tome and Principe Economy

Since the 19th century, the economy of São Tomé and Príncipe has been based on plantation agriculture. At the time of independence, Portuguese-owned plantations occupied 90% of the cultivated area. After independence, control of these plantations was given to various state-owned agricultural enterprises. The main crop on São Tomé is cocoa, which represents approximately 95% of agricultural exports. Other export crops include copra, palm kernels and coffee.

Sao Tome and Principe Language

Portuguese is the official and de facto national language of Sao Tome and Principe, with about 98.4% of the people speaking it, an important part as its native language, and it has been spoken in the islands since the late 15th century. Reconstructed versions of Portuguese or Portuguese Creoles are also spoken: Faro, a Creole language (36.2%), Cape Verdean Creole (8.5%), Engeller (6.6%), and Principal (1%). French (6.8%) and English (4.9%) are the other foreign languages ​​studied in schools.

Sao Tome and Principe Important Facts

  • Sao Tome and Principe, officially called the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island nation located in the Atlantic Ocean west of Central Africa.
  • The islands are part of the Cameroon Volcanic Mountains, to the southwest of the island of Anobon, northeast Bioko and Mount Cameroon on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea.
  • The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were named after St. Thomas by the Portuguese who arrived here in 1470 and made it their colony, liberating it on 12 July 1975.
  • The total area of ​​Sao Tome and Principe is 1,001 sq km. (386 sq mi).
  • The official language of São Tomé and Príncipe is Portuguese and the other major languages ​​are Forro, Angolar and Princip.
  • The currency of Sao Tome and Principe is Dobra.
  • According to the World Bank, in 2016 Sao Tome and Principe had a total population of 2 lakhs.
  • In São Tomé and Príncipe, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The climate of São Tomé and Príncipe is tropical hot and humid, with an average annual temperature of 27 ° C and little diurnal variation.
  • The main ethnic groups in São Tomé and Príncipe are the Mesticos and Angolares.
  • The highest mountain in Sao Tome and Principe is Pico de São Tomé, which is 2,024 meters high.
  • The largest river in Sao Tome is the Io Grande, which has a length of 3,051 km (1,896 mi).
  • The red colored triangle in the flag of São Tomé and Príncipe symbolizes the strong struggle for independence, the two black stars of the two main islands of the country and the green, yellow and black all-African colors.

Sao Tome and Principe Important History Events

  • 12 july 1975 - Sao Tome and Principe announced its independence from Portugal. It is situated in the gulf of guinea, near the west coast of central Africa. It is comprised of two archipelagos and some small islands. It is a Portuguese speaking country.
  • 12 July 1975 - Sao Tome and Principe declared independence in Portugal

Populated Cities of Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome, Santo Antonio, Guadalupe, Neves, Santana, Santo Antonio, Sao Joao dos Angolares, Trindade,

3 Neighbour countries of Sao Tome and Principe

Equatorial Guinea [M] , Gabon [M] , Nigeria [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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