Gabon History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Gabon has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Gabon and important events related to Gabon history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Gabon Country Profile

CurrencyCentral African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union, OPEC
FormationAugust 17, 1960

Gabon History

The earliest inhabitants of the region were Pagmi people. They were largely replaced and absorbed by the Bantu tribes as they migrated to the region. In 1910, Gabon became one of the four regions of French Equatorial Africa, a federation that survived until 1959. In World War II, the Allies invaded Gabon to overthrow the imperial administration of pro-Vichy France. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution, which allowed a more transparent electoral process and reformed many government institutions.

Gabon Geography

Gabon is located on the Atlantic coast of Central Africa at the equator, Gabon generally has an equatorial climate with an extensive system of rainfall, 89.3% of its land area is forested. The largest river in Gabon is the Ogou which is 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) long. Gabon has three karst areas with hundreds of caves located in dolomite and limestone rocks. Some of the caves include Grotte du Lastoursville, Grotte du Lebamba, Grotte du Bongolo and Grotte du Kessipougou. Many caves have not yet been discovered. A National Geographic expedition visited the caves in the summer of 2008 and documented them.

Gabon Economy

Gabon's economy is dominated by oil. Oil revenues account for about 46% of the government's budget, 43% of gross domestic product (GDP), and 81% of exports. Oil production is currently declining faster than its high point of 370,000 barrels per day in 1997. Some estimates suggest that Gabon oil will be spent by 2025.

Gabon Language

French is the only official language of the country. It is estimated that 80% of Gabon's population can speak French, and 30% of the residents of Libreville are native speakers of the language. Nationally, 32% of Gabon speak as the mother-tongue language Fung.

Gabon Important Facts

  • Gabonlies to the west of Central Africa, bordered by the Gulf of Guinea to the west, Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north and the Republic of Congo to the east and south.
  • Gabongained independence from France on 7 August 1960, which France colonized in 1910.
  • The total area of ​​Gabonis 267,745 sq km. (103,347 square miles).
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Gabonin 2016 is 1.98 million.
  • French is the official language of Gabon.
  • The currency of Gabonis named Central African CFA Franc.
  • The major religions practiced in Gaboninclude Christianity, Buwiti, Islam and indigenous animistic religions.
  • The highest mountain of Gabonis Mont Iboundji, which has a height of 1,575 meters (5,167).
  • The Gabon national football team, named Les Pantheres or Les Breslinson, is Gabon's national team and is controlled by the Fédération Gabonese de Football.
  • The national animal of Gabon is the black leopard.

Gabon Important History Events

  • 17 february 1964 - Gabonese military officers overthrew President Léon M'ba, butFrance, honoring a 1960 treaty, forcibly reinstated M'ba the next day.
  • 28 april 1993 - Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die.
  • 02 december 2005 - Scientists in Gabon and the Republic of Congo trace three species of fruit bats to be the animal reservoirs for the Ebolavirus. It is assumed that virus probably first spread from animal to human in 1976 because of local hunters eating the bats.

Populated Cities of Gabon

Gamba, Okandja, Ndende, Libreville, Oyem, Franceville, Mitzik, Mayumba, Mekambo, Moanda, Mouila, Lambarene, Tchibanga, Bitam, Makokou, Omboue, Koulamoutou, Bifoum, Port-Gentil,

4 Neighbour countries of Gabon

Cameroon [L] , Equatorial Guinea [LM] , Republic of the Congo [LM] , Sao Tome and Principe [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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