Nigeria History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Nigeria has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Nigeria and important events related to Nigeria history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Nigeria Country Profile

CountryNigeria
CapitalAbuja
CurrencyNigerian naira
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union, OPEC
FormationOctober 1, 1960
FounderNnamdi Azikiwe, Herbert Macaulay 

Nigeria History

Looking at the article of the ancient history of Nigeria, it is found that the civilization of Nigeria began in about 9000 BC. As shown in the archaeological records. The earliest cities in Nigeria were Kano and Katsina, northern cities that began in about 1000 AD. Around 1400 AD, the Yoruba Empire of Oyo was established in the southwest. In 1885 AD, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. In 1900, the area was controlled by the British government. During the 1960s, the state of Nigeria's government was not in good shape as it had many government upheavals. Because the Prime Minister of this country was assassinated at that time and due to this the civil war started. But after the civil war, Nigeria focused on economic development and in 1977, after several years of government instability, the country drafted a new constitution.

Nigeria Geography

Nigeria is located in the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa with a total area of ​​923,768 km2, making it the 32nd largest country in the world. Which has diverse topography. The US state of California is approximately twice the size of the state and is located between Benin and Cameroon. The area of ​​Nigeria is low in the south of the region, but due to the hills and plateaus in the central part of the country, this place is high. The southeast has mountains while the north is mainly plains. The climate of Nigeria is also varied but due to locations near the equator, the center and south are tropical.

Nigeria Economy

Nigeria has had problems of political corruption and lack of infrastructure, but recently its economy has started growing fastest in the world. And, oil alone provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings. Other industries in Nigeria include coal, tin, columbite, rubber products, wood, and hides, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizers, printing, ceramics and steel. Nigeria's agricultural products are cocoa, groundnut, cotton, palm oil, maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yam, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, wood and fish. In 2019, the economy of this country continues to grow, with the economy forecasting a 2.3% increase in real GDP and the IMF forecasting a 2.3% growth in 2020.

Nigeria Language

There are 521 languages ​​spoken in Nigeria, nine of them are now extinct. Due to the influence of British colonialism that ended in 1960, the official language of Nigeria, English, was chosen to facilitate the country's cultural and linguistic unity. Many French speakers from surrounding countries have influenced English spoken in the border areas of Nigeria and some Nigerian citizens have become quite fluent in France to work in the surrounding countries. French spoken in Nigeria can be mixed with some native languages ​​but is mostly spoken like French spoken in Benin.

Nigeria Important Facts

  • Nigeria is officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria which is located in the west of Africa.
  • Nigeria is bordered by Chad in the east, Benin in the west, Cameroon in the north and the Gulf of Guyana in the south.
  • Nigeria gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 1 October 1960.
  • The total area of ​​Nigeria is 923,768 sq km. (356,667 sq mi).
  • The official language of Nigeria is English and the other major languages ​​are Hausa, Lugbo and Yoruba.
  • The currency of Nigeria is named Naira.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Nigeria in 2016 was 186 million.
  • In Nigeria, the religion of most people is Islam and the second number is Christianity.
  • The climate of Nigeria is mainly subtropical, which are very hot.
  • There are more than 500 ethnic groups in Nigeria of which Hausa, Yoruba and Lagbo are the main ethnic groups.
  • The tallest mountain in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi, which has a height of 2,419 meters.
  • Third Mainland Bridge of Nigeria is the largest bridge in Africa with a length of 11,800 meters.
  • Nigeria's richest man, Alhaji Aliko Dangote, lives in Africa.
  • The national animal of Nigeria is the eagle and the national bird is a black stork.
  • The flag of Nigeria has a green color symbolizing Nigeria's natural wealth and white symbolizing peace.

Nigeria Important History Events

  • 09 may 1960 - Nigeria became the member of the Commonwealth on May 9, 1960. In 1995, Nigeria was suspended from the membership for two year but its suspension was lifted on May 29, 1999 with the swearing in of the democratically elected civilian president.
  • 01 October 1960 - Nigeria became independent from Britain and today is celebrated as National Day.
  • 01 June 1961 - The northern part of the British Cameroon Trust Territory was incorporated into the Union of Nigeria according to a referendum.
  • 30 may 1967 - Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu announced the establishment of Biafra, a secessionist state in southeastern Nigeria, an event thatsparked the Nigerian Civil War one week later.
  • 12 January 1970 - Biafra ended the Nigerian Civil War.
  • 13 February 1976 - Nigeria's General Murtala Mohammed was assassinated in a military coup.
  • 09 February 1979 - The constitution was changed in the African country of Nigeria.
  • 31 december 1983 - Major-General Muhammadu Buhari was selected to lead Nigeria After a successful military coup d'etat that overthrew civilian President Shehu Shagari.
  • 11 july 1991 - Shortly after takeoff from King Abdulaziz InternationalAirport, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 caught fire in mid-flight and crashed, killing all 261 occupants on board.
  • 08 march 1993 - A well known famous singer named Fela Kuti of Nigeria was arrested by the police as they found him the suspicion of the murder.

Populated Cities of Nigeria

Kontagora, Iseyin, Yola, Ogbomosho, Biu, Lagos, Orlu, Wukari, Aba, Maiduguri, Zaria, Potiskum, Keffi, Warri, Jos, Numan, Ilorin, Idah, Oyo, Onitsha, Sokoto, Enugu, Oturkpo, Lokoja, Abeokuta, Uyo, Awka, Ife, Calabar, Ado Ekiti, Katsina, Akure, Oshogbo, Kumo, Opobo, Bauchi, Kano, Sapele, Makurdi, Minna, Owo, Gombe, Umuahia, Ibadan, Koko, Ondo, Damaturu, Iwo, Gusau, Mubi, Owerri, Ijebu Ode, Funtua, Bida, Dutse, Abuja, Kaduna, Lafia, Gashua, Benin City, Bama, Jalingo, Nsukka, Nguru, Ikare, Birnin Kebbi, Azare, Port Harcourt, Abakaliki, Ikeja, Yenagoa, Asaba,

6 Neighbour countries of Nigeria

Benin [LM] , Cameroon [LM] , Chad [L] , Equatorial Guinea [M] , Niger [L] , Sao Tome and Principe [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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