Togo History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Togo has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Togo and important events related to Togo history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Togo Country Profile

CountryTogo
CapitalLome
CurrencyWest African CFA franc
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationMay 27, 1960

Togo History

From the 11th to the 16th century, various tribes from all directions entered the region. From the 16th century to the 18th century, the coastal region was a major trading center for Europeans to purchase slaves, Togo and the surrounding area were named The Slave Coast of West Africa. In 1884, Germany declared an area including present Togo as a defender named Togoland. After World War I, the rule of Togo was transferred to France. Togo obtained his independence from France in 1960.

In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup d'état, after which he became president of an anti-communist, single-party state. Finally, in 1993, Idema faced elections several times, influenced by irregularities, and won the presidency three times. At the time of his death, Gnassingbé Eyadéma was the longest-serving leader in modern African history. He served as President for 38 years. Now his son Faure Gnassingbé currently holds this position.

Togo Geography

The total area of ​​Togo country is 56,785 km. And it is one of the smallest countries in Africa. The southern border of this country is bordered by Benin. Ghana is to the west. And the former is also Benin. And to the north, it is connected to Burkina Faso. The sea coast of Togo country is about 56 km long in the Gulf of Guinea. Which includes Anup Lake (Lagoon) with sandy beaches. To the south of Togo is a savanna (called savanna tropical grasslands.) And woodland plateau is characteristic of this country. The highest mountain in the country is Mont Agou at an altitude of about 986 meters above sea level. The longest river is the Mono River with a length of 400 km. It moves from north to south. The most frequently seen animals are giraffes, cape buffalo, hyenas and lions. Some elephants were left. Common birds are cranes, cranes and marabou.

Togo Economy

Togo is one of the smallest countries in Africa, but it has a well-developed export sector based on valuable phosphate deposits and agricultural products such as coffee; cocoa bean; And peanuts, which together generate about 30% of export earnings. Cotton is the most important cash crop. Fertile land occupies 11.3% of the country, much of it developed. The major crops are cassava, jasmine rice, maize and millet. Other important sectors are the brewery and textile industries. A permanent problem is the lack of electricity, as the country is able to produce only a third of its consumption, with the rest covered by imports from Ghana and Nigeria. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy, although it is struggling with a shortage of funds to purchase irrigation equipment and fertilizers, which has led to a substantial reduction in agricultural production.

Togo Language

Togo is a multilingual country. According to Ethnologue, 39 different languages ​​are spoken in the country, many of them by communities with fewer than 100,000 members. Of the 39 languages, the only official language is French. In 1975, two spoken indigenous languages ​​were designated politically as national languages: Ewe and Kabye are also the two most widely spoken indigenous languages. French is used in all forms of formal education, legislature, media, administration and commerce. Ewe is a language of widespread communication in the South. Temporary work to a limited extent as a language of trade in some northern cities. Officially, ewe and kabiye are national languages, which in the context of Togoli means languages ​​that are promoted in formal education and used in the media.

Togo Important Facts

  • Togo is officially called Togolese Republic.
  • Togo borders Benin in the east, Ghana in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and is located in West Africa.
  • Italy gave France to France after World War I, at that time it was called Togoland.
  • Togo was declared independent by France on 27 April 1960.
  • The total area of ​​Togo is 56,785 sq km. (21,925 square miles).
  • The official language of Togo is French and other recognized languages ​​are Ewe and Kabye.
  • The currency of Togo is named West African CFA Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, Togo had a total population of 76.1 million in 2016.
  • In Togo, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • In Togo, there are about 40 different ethnic groups, with the most important ethnic groups being Ewe, Kabe, Tem and Gorma.
  • Togo has a generally tropical climate with temperatures of up to 30 ° C.
  • The highest mountain in Togo is Mount Agou (Baumann Peak), which has a height of 986 meters.
  • The longest river of Togo is the Mono River, which is 400 km in length.
  • The largest lake of Togo is Lake Togo.
  • The national animal of Togo is the hippopotamus.

Togo Important History Events

  • 11 june 1594 - In the Philippines, Philip II of Spain recognized the right togovern of the Principalía, the local nobles and chieftains who hadconverted to Roman Catholicism.
  • 20 july 1922 - The German protectorate of Togoland was divided into the Leagueof Nations mandates of French Togoland and British Togoland.
  • 13 january 1967 - General Gnassingbé Eyadéma seized power in Togo after a coup d'état, ruling as head of state until his death in February 2005.
  • 14 april 1967 - After leading a military coup three months earlier, Gnassingbé Eyadéma installed himself as President of Togo, a post which he held until 2005.
  • 30 December 1979 - The West African country Togo adopted the constitution.
  • 08 january 2010 - Gunmen from an offshoot of the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda attacked the bus transporting the Togo national football team to the Africa Cup of Nations, killing three.

Populated Cities of Togo

Atakpame, Bassar, Mango, Sotouboua, Lome, Sokode, Kpalime, Kara, Dapaong,

3 Neighbour countries of Togo

Benin [LM] , Burkina Faso [L] , Ghana [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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