Ghana History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Ghana has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Ghana and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana was the 11th century Bono State. Many kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which he was the most powerful, the Kingdom of Dagbon and the Ashanti Empire also ruled the country of Ghana. In the early 15th century, the Portuguese Empire, which was followed by several other European powers, contested the territory of Ghana for trading rights, until the British established control of the coast by the end of the 19th century. After a century of native resistance, Ghana's borders now run along the lines of four separate British colonial territories: the Gold Coast, the Unrest, the Northern Territory, and British Togoland. Who were unified as an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth on 6 March 1957.
Ghana is located in the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of the equator, so the climate here is warm. Ghana is spread over an area of 238,535 km2. Ghana is geographically closer to the "center" of the geographic coordinates of the Earth than any other country. Ghana's climate is tropical, the wet season and the dry season being the two main seasons. In addition, some diseases like malaria and cholera also remain susceptible due to the changing weather conditions in Ghana.
Ghana is an average natural resource rich country with industrial minerals, hydrocarbons and precious metals. This country has an economic planning target known as "Ghana Vision 2020". The plan states Ghana as a developed country between 2020 and 2029 and the first country to become a newly industrialized country between 2030 and 2039. Ghana has huge gold reserves in the Ghanaian economy. In 2013, the Bank of Ghana began disseminating Renminbi as a hard currency with the National Ghana Cedi for the second national trade currency for Ghana's state-owned banks and the Ghanaian public. The state-owned Volta River Authority and the Ghana National Petroleum Corporation are the two major electricity producers.
Ghana is a multilingual country in which about eighty languages are spoken. Of these, English, which was inherited from the colonial era, is the official language and lingua franca. Among the languages indigenous to Ghana, Akan is the most widely spoken. Ghana has more than seventy ethnic groups, each with its own separate language. Languages belonging to the same ethnic group are usually mutually intelligible. For example, the Dagbanali and Mumpel languages of the Northern region are mutually intelligible with the Fafra and Vali languages of the Upper West region of Ghana. These four languages are of Mol-Dagbani ethnicity.
The Republic of Ghana is located in the west of Africa, bordered by the Kot Civar (Ivory Coast) to the west, Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.
Ghana was subjugated by the British Empire in 1867, then known as the Gold Coast because gold was discovered here.
Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African nation to achieve independence from the British Empire (United Kingdom) on 6 March 1957.
The total area of Ghana is 238,535 sq km. (92,098 sq mi).
According to the World Bank, the total population of Ghana in 2016 is 2.82 crore.
The official language of Ghana is English.
The currency of Ghana is named Ghanian Cedi.
The highest mountain in Ghana is named Mount Afadja, which is 885 meters (2,904 ft) in height.
Lake Volta, which is the largest lake in Ghana (3,275 sq mi), is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world.
The color of the flag of Ghana symbolizes the blood of freedom fighters, the gold or yellow gold wealth and the green symbolizes the rich forest.
07 January 1993 - The Fourth Republic of Ghana was inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as its president.
09 May 2001 - The worst stadium disaster in the history of Africa occurred on 9 May 2001 at Ohen Zone Sports Stadium, Acra, Ghana, which is better as the Akra Sports Stadium disaster. The disappointed football fan started throwing plastic seats and bottles on the pitch, due to which a stampede occurred in the crowd due to the reaction of the tear gas in the crowd, which eventually killed 127 people.
10 May 2001 - More than 120 spectators died in a stampede during a football match in Ghana.
15 December 2010 - Ghana began pumping oil after searching an offshore oil area three years ago.
24 July 2012 - Vice President John Droni Mahama became President of Ghana after President John Atta Mills died.
04 June 2015 - A fire at a petrol pump in Ghana killed more than 200 people.