1918 in History – What happened in year 1918

In history, year 1918 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1918.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1918:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
26 januaryA group of Red Guards hung a red lantern atop the tower of Helsinki Workers' Hall to symbolically mark the start of the Finnish Civil War.
16 februaryThe Council of Lithuania signed the Act of Independence of Lithuania, proclaiming the restoration of anindependent Lithuania governed by democratic principles, despite the presence of German troops in the country during World War I.
21 februaryThe Carolina Parakeet, the only parrot speciesnative to the eastern United States, became extinct when the lastindividual died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
04 marchThe first known case of the so-called Spanish flu was firstobserved at Fort Riley, Kansas.
21 marchFirst World War-The German Army opened the Spring Offensive with Operation Michael, attempting to break through the Allied lines and to seize ports on the English Channel.
30 marchBolshevik and Dashnak forces suppressed a Muslim revolt in Baku, Azerbaijan, resulting in up to 12,000 deaths.
01 aprilThe British Armed Forces started to grant personnel the power to fly.
09 aprilWorld War I Aníbal Milhais's actions during the Battle of the Lys made him the only person to be awarded Portugal's highest military honour, the Order of the Tower and Sword, directly on the battlefield.
21 aprilManfred von Richthofen, known as the 'Red Baron', was shot downand killed near Vaux-sur-Somme in France, after a career as the most successful fighter pilot of World War I with 80 confirmed air combatvictories.
23 aprilFirst World War The British Royal Navy conducted a raid on the Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge.
09 mayFirst World War: Germany repelled Britain's second attempt to blockade the Belgian port of Ostend.
11 mayThe Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus (MRNC) was officially established on May 11, 1918. It was occupied by the Red Army of Bolshevik Russia in June 1920 and government of Republic of the Mountaineers was forced to leave the Caucasus.
13 mayThe United States Post Office Department issued the first airmail stamp on May 13, 1918. This 24 cent inverted Jenny Stamp became very famous due to a printing error in which a biplane was depicted upside down on one sheet of 100 stamps that sold to the public.
16 mayThe Sedition Act was passed in the United States, forbiddingAmericans from using 'disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusivelanguage' about the United States government, flag, or armed forcesduring the ongoing World War I.
26 mayThe Democratic Republic of Georgia was established. The Democratic Republic of Georgia existed from May 1918 to February 1921 and was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia. It was created after the collapse of the Russian Empire that began with the Russian Revolution of 1917.
28 mayThe Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the First Republic of Armenia declare their independence. The First Republic of Armenia, known at the time of its existence as the Republic of Armenia was the first modern Armenian state since the fall of the Kingdom of Cilicia in 1375.
10 juneFirst World War - Italian torpedo boats sank the Austro-Hungarian dreadnought SMS Szent István off the Dalmatian coast.
24 juneFirst airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto. Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of being airborne. Airmail items typically arrive more quickly than surface mail, and usually cost more to send.
26 juneWorld War I-The 26-day Battle of Belleau Wood near the Marne River in France ended with American forces finally clearing that forest of German troops.
04 julyOttoman sultan Mehmed VI succeeded to throne. Mehmed VI was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. His reign started from 1918 to 1922. He was the brother of Mehmed V. He advanced to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi in 1916 who was the heir to the throne.
12 julyAn explosion in the ammunition magazine of the Japanesebattleship Kawachi resulted in the loss of over 600 officers andcrewmen.
17 julyThe RMS Carpathia, which had rescued the survivors of theRMS Titanic sinking, was itself sunk by a German U-boat.
17 julyRussian Revolution-Bolsheviks executed Tsar Nicholas II andhis family at Yekaterinburg.
17 julyRMS Carpathia, which had rescued the survivors of the RMS Titanic sinking, was it self sunk by a German U-boat.
08 augustThe Battle of Amiens began in Amiens, France, marking the startof the Allied Powers' Hundred Days Offensive through the German frontlines that ultimately led to the end of World War I.
30 augustFanni Kaplan shot and wounded Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin,helping to spark the Red Terror in the future Soviet Union, a repressionagainst Socialist-Revolutionary Party members and other politicalopponents.
18 septemberWorld War I-The Central Powers' defeat in the Battle of Dobro Pole played a role in the Bulgarian withdrawal from the war and openedthe way for the subsequent liberation of Vardar Macedonia.
28 septemberIn the World’s worst flu epidemic in history an estimated 30 million people died worldwide. The epidemic is of Spanish Flu, called as such, because the first major outbreak causing multiple deaths was in Spain.
03 octoberWorld War I Following his armed forces' defeat by the Allied Powers, Bulgarian Tsar Ferdinand I abdicated in favor of his son BorisIII.
04 octoberAn ammunition plant in Sayreville, New Jersey, US, explodedkilling over 100 people and destroying more than 300 buildings.

Famous birthdays in the year 1918:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Patrick Anthony Porteous / Army Officer / Scotland
05 March James Tobin / Academic / United States of America
10 DecemberAnatoli Tarasov / Ice Hockey Player / Russia
13 OctoberRobert Walker / Actor / United States of America
15 SeptemberAlfred D. Chandler Jr. / Academic / United States of America
15 MayEddy Arnold / Writer / United States of America
15 DecemberJeff Chandler / Actor / United States of America
15 January Gamal Abdel Nasser / Politician / Egypt
16 SeptemberWładysław Kędra / Pianist / Poland
17 January Keith Joseph / Politician / United Kingdom
17 SeptemberLea Gottlieb / Fashion Designer / Hungary
19 DecemberProfessor Longhair / Writer / United States of America
21 SeptemberJohn Gofman / Chemist / United States of America
22 February Sid Abel / Ice Hockey Player / United States of America
22 AprilWilliam Jay Smith / Poet / United States of America
24 JuneYong Nyuk Lin / Politician / Singapore
25 AugustRichard Greene / Actor / United Kingdom
27 January Elmore James / Writer / United States of America
29 NovemberMadeleine L'Engle / Poet / United States of America
30 SeptemberRené Rémond / Historian / France

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1918:

YearName / Profession / Country
NA NABrahm Prakash / Politician / India
14 DecemberB. K. S. Iyengar / Author / India
24 AugustSikander Bakht / Politician / India
NA NAAbdul Ghafoor / Politician / India
05 JulyK. Karunakaran / Politician / India
19 AugustShankar Dayal Sharma / Politician / India
20 MayPiru Singh / Soldier / India
09 DecemberE.K. Nayanar / Politician / India
13 MayBalasaraswati / Choreographer / India
26 JuneRama Raghoba Rane / Soldier / India
19 AugustDr. Shankar Dayal Sharma / Politician / India
30 AugustBinayak Acharya / Politician / India
19 AugustShankar Dayal Sharma / Politician / India
05 JulyK. Karunakaran / Politician / India
19 NovemberDebiprasad Chattopadhyaya / Philosophical / India
NA AugustShankardayal Sharma / Politician / India
03 JulyS. V. Ranga Rao / Actor / India
26 JanuaryB. D. Sharma / Politician / India
NA NAB. P. Mandal / Politician / India
12 AugustGuy Gibson / Pilot / India

By Suresh

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