Nicaragua History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Nicaragua has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Nicaragua and important events related to Nicaragua history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Nicaragua Country Profile

CountryNicaragua
CapitalManagua
CurrencyNicaraguan córdoba
ContinentNorth America

Nicaragua History

Originally inhabited by various indigenous cultures since ancient times, the region was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821. The Mosquito Coast followed a different historical path, was colonized by the English in the 17th century and later came under British rule. It became an autonomous region of Nicaragua in 1860 and its northernmost part was transferred to Honduras in 1960. Since its independence, Nicaragua has been undergoing political unrest, dictatorship, occupation and fiscal crisis, including the Nicaragua Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s.

Nicaragua Geography

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is a representative democratic republic. It is the largest country in Central America with an area of 130,373 square kilometers. The country is bordered by Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south. To the west of the country lies the Pacific Ocean and to the east the Caribbean Sea. The capital of Nicaragua is Managua, about a quarter of Nicaraguan lives here.

Nicaragua Economy

Nicaragua is one of the poorest countries in America. Its gross domestic product (USP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2008 was US $ 17.37 billion. Agriculture represents 15.5% of GDP, the highest percentage in Central America. Remittances are more than 15% of Nicaraguan GDP. Around one billion dollars are sent to the country by Nicaraguans living abroad. The economy grew at a rate of about 4% in 2011. Given restrictive taxes and a civil conflict by 2019, it recorded a negative growth of - 3.9%; The International Monetary Fund forecast for 2020 is a further decline of 6% due to COVID-19.

Nicaragua Language

Nicaraguan Spanish has many indigenous influences and many distinctive features. For example, some Nicaraguans have a tendency to change s, with, h, to speak. Although Spanish is spoken, the country is very diverse: vocabulary, accents and colloquial language may vary between towns and departments.

Nicaragua Important Facts

  • Nicaragua is officially called the Republic of Nicaragua, a country located in Central America.
  • Nicaragua borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Honduras to the north, and Costa Rica to the south.
  • Nicaragua gained independence from Spain on 15 September 1821 from the first Mexican Empire on 1 July 1823 and from the Federal Republic of Central America on 31 May 1838.
  • The total area of ​​Nicaragua is 130,375 sq km. (50,338 square miles).
  • The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish.
  • The currency of Nicaragua is named Córdob.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Nicaragua in 2016 was 61.5 lakh.
  • In Nicaragua, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The highest point in Nicaragua is Mogotón, which has a height of 2,107 meters.
  • The longest river in Nicaragua is the Rio Amaka.
  • The largest lake in Nicaragua is Lake Nicaragua which is 8,264 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • The national dish of Nicaragua is Gallo Pinto.
  • In the 1960s and 1970s, there was a planetary war in Nicaragua, also known as The Nicaraguan Revolution, against the Somoza dictatorship that ended in the 1990s.
  • Hurricane Mitch, the 1998 hurricane in Nicaragua, was the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in the world, killing about 3,000 people and displacing more than two million people.

Nicaragua Important History Events

  • 15 September 1821 - Central American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua gained independence.
  • 05 november 1838 - The collapse of the Federal Republic of Central America beganwith Nicaragua seceding from the union.
  • 30 April 1838 - Nicaragua declared independence from the Central American Federation.
  • 03 may 1855 - American adventurer William Walker and a group of mercenaries sailed from San Francisco to conquer Nicaragua.
  • 28 June 1895 - The Central American Union of El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua was formed.
  • 05 February 1900 - The United Kingdom and the United States signed a treaty in Central America, Nicaragua, to construct a Central American shipping canal.
  • 06 October 1912 - The US military captured the Nicaraguan city of León.
  • 05 February 1967 - Anastasio Somoza was elected President of Nicaragua.
  • 20 september 1971 - Hurricane Irene departed Nicaraguato become the first known tropical cyclone to successfully cross fromthe Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific.
  • 31 december 1972 - Puerto Rican baseball players Roberto Clemente died in a plane crash en route to deliver aid to victims of the Nicaragua earthquake.

Populated Cities of Nicaragua

Managua, San Juan del Sur, Juigalpa, Jinotega, Bluefields, Puerto Cabezas, Ocotal, Rivas, Jinotepe, Boaco, Somoto, Leon, Chinandega, San Carlos, Masaya, Matagalpa, Esteli, Granada, San Juan de Nicaragua,

6 Neighbour countries of Nicaragua

Colombia [M] , Costa Rica [LM] , El Salvador [M] , Honduras [LM] , Jamaica [M] , Panama [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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