Jamaica History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 26th, 2021 in Country Information, North America Continent

Jamaica has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Jamaica and important events related to Jamaica history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Jamaica Country Profile

CountryJamaica
CapitalKingston
CurrencyJamaican dollar
ContinentNorth America
FounderAlexander Bustamante

Jamaica History

Originally inhabited by the indigenous Aravak and Tieno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule after the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many indigenous people either died or died of diseases from which they had no immunity, and the Spanish forcibly implanted large numbers of African slaves as laborers in Jamaica. The island remained under Spanish occupation until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it, renaming it to Jamaica. Jamaica became a major Chinese exporter under British colonial rule, with the plantation economy dependent on African slaves and later their descendants. The British completely freed all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose subsistence farms instead of working on plantations. In the early 1840s, the British began to use Chinese and Indian indentured labor to work on plantations. The island gained independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.

Jamaica Geography

Jamaica is an island nation located on the Greater Antilles, located in the Caribbean Sea, 145 km south of Cuba, 190 km west of Haiti. During the Spanish administration, Santiago and later the British Crown colony became Jamaica. With a population of 2.8 million, it is the third most populous country in North America after the United States and Canada. Queen Elizabeth II is headed here as a member of the Commonwealth. The capital here is Kingston. Jamaica is an island nation located on the Greater Antilles. Located in the Caribbean Sea, this country is located 145 km south of Cuba, 190 km west of Haiti. During the Spanish administration, Santiago and later the British Crown colony became Jamaica. With a population of 2.8 million, it is the third most populous country in North America after the United States and Canada. Queen Elizabeth II is headed here as a member of the Commonwealth. The capital here is Kingston.

Jamaica Economy

Jamaica is a mixed economy with both state enterprises and private sector businesses. Major sectors of the Jamaican economy include agriculture, mining, manufacturing, tourism, petroleum refining, financial and insurance services. Tourism and mining are major foreign exchange earners. Half of the Jamaican economy is dependent on services, half of its income comes from services such as tourism. An estimated 4.3 million foreign tourists visit Jamaica every year. According to the World Bank, Jamaica is an upper-middle-income country that, like its Caribbean neighbors, is vulnerable to the effects of climate change, floods and hurricanes. In 2018, Jamaica represented the CARICOM Caribbean community at the G20 and G7 annual meetings. In 2019 Jamaica reported its lowest unemployment rate in 50 years.

Jamaica Language

Jamaica is considered as a bilingual country, with two major languages. The official language is English, which is used in all domains of public life, including government, legal systems, media, and education. However, the primary spoken language is an English-based Creole called Jamaican Patois (or Patwa).

Jamaica Important Facts

  • Jamaica is an island nation located on the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea.
  • Jamaica gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 6 August 1962.
  • Despite independence, Jamaica decided to remain a member of the Commonwealth. Therefore, Queen Elizabeth II still heads there.
  • The total area of ​​Jamaica is 10,991 sq km. (4,244 square miles).
  • The official language of Jamaica is English.
  • The Jamaican currency is named Jamaican Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Jamaica in 2016 was 28.8 million.
  • In Jamaica, the majority of the religion is Christian and 70% of the population is atheist.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Jamaica are Afro-Jamaica, Mixed and Indo-Jamaican.
  • The highest peak in Jamaica is Blue Mountain Peak, which is 2,256 meters in length.
  • Lake Izabal is the largest lake in Jamaica which is 589.6 sq km. Spreads over an area of.
  • The longest river in Jamaica is the Rio Minho, with a length of 92.8 km.
  • Jamaica was discovered in Christopher Columbus on 5 May 1494 when he set out to search for the East Indies.
  • Jamaica produces Blue Mountain Coffee, one of the world's most expensive coffees.
  • The climate of Jamaica is tropical, due to which it has a high temperature and humid weather.
  • The national dish of Jamaica is Ackee and saltfish.

Jamaica Important History Events

  • 10 May 1655 - In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began to expel the Spanish, a task which was completed within five years.
  • 25 june 1658 - Anglo-Spanish War-English colonial forces repelled a Spanish attack in the largest battle ever fought on Jamaica.
  • 07 june 1692 - A 7.5 Mw earthquake struck Port Royal, Jamaica, killing about 2,000 people.
  • 07 june 1692 - An estimated 7.5 MW earthquake caused Port Royal, Jamaica, tosink below sea level and killed approximately 5, 000 people.
  • 07 June 1692 - Three thousand people died in the earthquake in the Port of the Caribbean country of Jamaica.
  • 16 November 1720 - The pirate "Caligo Jack " Rackham is brought to trial in Spanish Town in Jamaica; Two days later he was hanged at Port Royal.
  • 12 april 1782 - American Revolutionary War-The Royal Navy defeated a combined French–Spanish fleet in the Battle of the Saintes, forcing the letter to abandon a planned invasion of Jamaica.
  • 13 September 1834 - The Gleaner newspaper was first published in Jamaica.
  • 01 August 1838 - Former slaves were freed from their partners in Jamaica.
  • 14 january 1907 - A 6.5 Mw earthquake struck Kingston, Jamaica, resulting in at least 800 deaths, which was at the time considered one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history.

Populated Cities of Jamaica

Half Way Tree, Kingston, Port Maria, Falmouth, Lucea, Mandeville, Spanish Town, Black River, Savanna-la-Mar, Port Antonio, St. Ann's Bay, May Pen, Montego Bay, Port Morant, Morant Bay,

7 Neighbour countries of Jamaica

Colombia [M] , Cuba [M] , Haiti [M] , Honduras [M] , Nicaragua [M] , United Kingdom [M] , United States of America [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Jamaica

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1979Chris Gayle / male / Player / Jamaica
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