Zambia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Zambia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Zambia and important events related to Zambia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Zambia Country Profile

CurrencyZambian kwacha
GroupAfrican Union
FormationOctober 24, 1964
FounderKenneth Kaunda

Zambia History

The region was influenced by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. But it was originally inhabited by the Khoisan people. After European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British converted the region into the British Protectorate of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia at the end of the nineteenth century. They were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. And in the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London on the advice of the British South Africa Company. On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and Prime Minister Kenneth Kaunda became the first president. Kaunda's Socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) retained power from 1964 to 1991.

Zambia Geography

Zambia is a land-based country in southern Africa with a tropical climate, and has high plateaus with few valleys and mountains, dissected by river valleys. The total area of ​​Zambia is 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi). And for this reason it is considered the 39th largest country in the world, which is slightly smaller than Chile. The two longest and largest tributaries of Zambezi's, Kafue and the Luangwa, flow mainly into Zambia. Zambia is located on the plateau of Central Africa, and at an altitude between about 1000 and 1600 meters above sea level. Here two types of weather affect the people more, the first is the rainy season (November to April) and the second is summer, and the dry season (May / June to October / November).

Zambia Economy

Currently, Zambia averages between $ 7.5 billion and annual exports of $ 8 billion. About 60.5% of Zambia in Zambia live below the recognized national poverty line, with rural poverty rates around 77.9% and urban rates around 27.5%. . Apart from this, unemployment is also a serious problem in urban areas. Most of the villagers here are Zambian subsistence farmers. The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper mining industry. In 1998, copper production was reduced to less than 228,000 metric tons after a 30-year decline in production due to lack of investment, reduced copper prices and uncertainty about privatization. And perhaps for this reason, in 2009, Zambia was severely affected by the world economic crisis.

Zambia Language

The official language of Zambia is English, which is used for official business and education in schools. The main vernacular language, particularly in Lusaka, is ninja (Nyanja), followed by Bemba. Bemba is the main language in the Copperbelt and Nyanja is the second language. Bemba and Nyanja are spoken in urban areas in addition to other native languages, commonly spoken in Zambia. These include Loji, Kando, Tonga, Lunda and Luwale, which top Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC) vernacular languages. The total number of languages ​​spoken in Zambia is 73.

Zambia Important Facts

  • Zambia is officially called the Republic of Zambia, a landlock country located in the south of Africa.
  • Zambia is bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo in the north, Zimbabwe and Botswana in the north-east, Namibia in the south and Angola in the west.
  • Zambia gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 27 June 1890.
  • The total area of ​​Zambia is 752,618 sq km. (290,587 square miles).
  • The official language of Zambia is English.
  • The name of the currency of Zambia is Zambian kwacha.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Zambia in 2016 was 16.6 million.
  • In Zambia, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Zambia are the Bantu and Nyanza.
  • The highest peak of Zambia is Mwanda Peak, which has an altitude of 2,148 meters.
  • The longest river in Zambia is the Zambezi River, which has a length of 2,574 km.
  • The longest river in Zambia is the Lake Kariba River, which has a length of 5,400 km.
  • The national dish of Zambia is nshima.
  • The national animal of Zambia is the African Fish Eagle.

Zambia Important History Events

  • 17 november 1855 - Explorer David Livingstone became the first European to seeVictoria Falls one of the largest waterfalls in the world,on what is now the Zambia–Zimbabwe border.
  • 31 december 1963 - Despite Prime Minister Roy Welensky efforts, the Central African Federation officially collapsed, splitting into three separatenations-Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
  • 08 September 1970 - The third Non-Aligned Movement Summit began in Lucca, Zambia.
  • 10 September 1970 - The third Non-Aligned Movement Summit ended in Lucca, Zambia.
  • 27 april 1993 - Members of the Zambia national football team were killed in plane crash en route to play a 1994 World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.
  • 28 april 1993 - Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die.

Populated Cities of Zambia

Chipata, Chililabombwe, Kalabo, Zambezi, Solwezi, Mazabuka, Kasempa, Mongu, Kafue, Choma, Mansa, Kitwe, Ndola, Kapiri Mposhi, Lukulu, Mpika, Nchelenge, Kawambwa, Mbala, Sesheke, Kasama, Mumbwa, Kabwe, Chingola, Livingstone, Mufulira, Luanshya, Kaoma, Chinsali, Mwinilunga, Nyimba, Lusaka, Lundazi, Senanga,

8 Neighbour countries of Zambia

Angola [L] , Botswana [L] , Democratic Republic of the Congo [L] , Malawi [L] , Mozambique [L] , Namibia [L] , Tanzania [L] , Zimbabwe [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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