Malawi History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Malawi has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Malawi and important events related to Malawi history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Malawi Country Profile

CurrencyMalawian kwacha
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJuly 6, 1964

Malawi History

That part of Africa, now known as Malawi, was inhabited around the 10th century by the migration of Bantu groups. Centuries later, the region was colonized by the British in 1891. In 1953, Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, a defender of the United Kingdom, became a defender within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Niasland. The defense on Nyasaland was ended in 1964 and Nyasaland became an independent country under the new name Malawi under Queen Elizabeth II, and soon after two years it became a republic. Upon attaining independence, it became a totalitarian one-party state headed by Hastings Banda, who remained the country's president until 1994.

Malawi Geography

Malawi is a land-based country in southeastern Africa, located northwest of Zambia, north-east from Tanzania, and south, southwest, and southeast from Mozambique. The Great Rift Valley runs from north to south of the country, and to the east of the valley lies Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa), which forms three-quarters of the eastern border of Malawi. The capital of Malawi is Lilongwe, and its commercial center is Blantyre with a population of over 500,000 people. Malawi has two sites listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lake Malawi National Park was first listed in 1984 and the Chongoni Rock Art Area in 2006.

Malawi Economy

Malawi is counted among the world's poorest and most densely inhabited countries. The economy is completely dependent on agriculture with the support of the people living in rural areas. The Malawi government is heavily dependent on external help for development, although it has been lacking since the year 2000. The Malawi government faces many problems such as growth of the economy, increasing education, health, environmental protection and becoming economically viable. Since the year 2005, several programs are being organized to pay attention to these points, the results of which are also visible. The Malawi government relies heavily on external aid to meet the development needs, although this need (and aid) has been reduced since 2000.

Malawi Language

The official language is English. The major languages ​​include Chichewa, the more than 57% spoken language, Chinanja (12.8%), Chiao (10.1%) and Chitumbuka (9.5%). Other native languages ​​are Malvian lomwe, spoken in the south-east of the country by about 250,000; Cocola, spoken by about 200,000 people in the Southeast; Lamba spoken in the northwestern tip around 45,000; Nadali Nyakyusa-Ngonde, spoken from approximately ali0,000, is spoken by approximately 300,000 in northern Malawi; The Malawi army is spoken by about 270,000 in southern Malawi; And Tonga, spoken by about 170,000 in the north.

Malawi Important Facts

  • The Republic of Malawi is a landlock country located in the southeast of Africa, bordered by Tanzania to the northwest and Mozambique to the east, west and south.
  • Malawi was colonized by Europeans in 1891 and declared independent by the United Kingdom (UK) on 6 July 1964, at which time it was called Nasaland.
  • The total area of ​​Malawi is 118,484 sq km. (45,747 sq mi), it is the fourth largest island in the world.
  • The official language of Malawi is English and the recognized regional language is Chicheva.
  • The name of the currency of Malawi is Kwacha.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Malawi was 1.81 crore in 2016.
  • Malawi is a Christian country. Muslim is a significant minority.
  • The largest lake in Malawi is Malawi Lake, also known as Nyasa Lake, it is 29,600 square kilometers. Spreads over.
  • Malawi has a tropical climate.
  • The highest mountain in Malawi is Mulanje, which has a height of 3,002 meters.
  • Due to the friendly population of Malawi, he has been given the nickname The Warm Heart of Africa.
  • The national sport of Malawi is football.
  • The national flower of Malawi is lotus.
  • The national bird of Malawi is the Fish Eagle.
  • The national animal of Malawi is Thomson Gazelle.

Malawi Important History Events

  • 23 january 1915 - The Chilembwe uprising, regarded as a seminal moment in the history of Malawi, began as rebels, led by a minister, attacked local plantation owners.
  • 31 december 1963 - Despite Prime Minister Roy Welensky efforts, the Central African Federation officially collapsed, splitting into three separatenations-Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
  • 06 july 1964 - Malawi announced its independence from United Kingdom. Malawi was formerly called Nyasaland. It was a colony of Britain. It is a landlocked country situated in southeast of African continent. it is one of the least developed countries.
  • 06 July 1964 - Malawi, the country of the African continent, became independent from Britain and today was declared as the national day of this country.
  • 06 july 1966 - Malawi became a republic country. The country adopted its new constitution n thus join the club of republic nations. Hastings Banda became the 1st president of Malawi. He was one of the leaders who were demanding the freedom for country.
  • 17 may 1994 - First multi party Malawian General Elections were held on May 17, 1994. Malawi Congress Party was defeated by the United Democratic Front, winning both the elections for President and the National Assembly and thus ended 30 year rule of the MCP.
  • 20 january 2012 - Around 2000 Malawi women protested against attacks on women wearing trousers by unemployed youths and street vendors.
  • 06 november 2012 - Malawi delays its anti-homosexual law amidst a parliamentary and public debate on whether it should be repealed.
  • 07 April 2012 - Joyce Banda became the President of Malawi.
  • 11 april 2013 - Malawi President Joyce Banda accuses singer Madonna of 'bullying state officials' after exaggerating the contributions of her charity and complaining about her treatment during a recent visit to the country.

Populated Cities of Malawi

Mangochi, Zomba, Salima, Lilongwe, Nkhotakota, Blantyre, Karonga, Chiromo, Nkhata Bay, Nsanje, Mzimba, Mchinji, Mulanje, Chiradzulu, Dedza, Machinga, Chitipa, Mwanza, Mzuzu, Ntcheu, Rumphi, Kasungu, Dowa, Phalombe, Chikwawa, Neno, Ntchisi, Balaka, Thyolo,

3 Neighbour countries of Malawi

Mozambique [L] , Tanzania [L] , Zambia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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