Malawi History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Malawi has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Malawi and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
That part of Africa, now known as Malawi, was inhabited around the 10th century by the migration of Bantu groups. Centuries later, the region was colonized by the British in 1891. In 1953, Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, a defender of the United Kingdom, became a defender within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Niasland. The defense on Nyasaland was ended in 1964 and Nyasaland became an independent country under the new name Malawi under Queen Elizabeth II, and soon after two years it became a republic. Upon attaining independence, it became a totalitarian one-party state headed by Hastings Banda, who remained the country's president until 1994.
Malawi is a land-based country in southeastern Africa, located northwest of Zambia, north-east from Tanzania, and south, southwest, and southeast from Mozambique. The Great Rift Valley runs from north to south of the country, and to the east of the valley lies Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa), which forms three-quarters of the eastern border of Malawi. The capital of Malawi is Lilongwe, and its commercial center is Blantyre with a population of over 500,000 people. Malawi has two sites listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lake Malawi National Park was first listed in 1984 and the Chongoni Rock Art Area in 2006.
Malawi is counted among the world's poorest and most densely inhabited countries. The economy is completely dependent on agriculture with the support of the people living in rural areas. The Malawi government is heavily dependent on external help for development, although it has been lacking since the year 2000. The Malawi government faces many problems such as growth of the economy, increasing education, health, environmental protection and becoming economically viable. Since the year 2005, several programs are being organized to pay attention to these points, the results of which are also visible. The Malawi government relies heavily on external aid to meet the development needs, although this need (and aid) has been reduced since 2000.
The official language is English. The major languages include Chichewa, the more than 57% spoken language, Chinanja (12.8%), Chiao (10.1%) and Chitumbuka (9.5%). Other native languages are Malvian lomwe, spoken in the south-east of the country by about 250,000; Cocola, spoken by about 200,000 people in the Southeast; Lamba spoken in the northwestern tip around 45,000; Nadali Nyakyusa-Ngonde, spoken from approximately ali0,000, is spoken by approximately 300,000 in northern Malawi; The Malawi army is spoken by about 270,000 in southern Malawi; And Tonga, spoken by about 170,000 in the north.
The Republic of Malawi is a landlock country located in the southeast of Africa, bordered by Tanzania to the northwest and Mozambique to the east, west and south.
Malawi was colonized by Europeans in 1891 and declared independent by the United Kingdom (UK) on 6 July 1964, at which time it was called Nasaland.
The total area of Malawi is 118,484 sq km. (45,747 sq mi), it is the fourth largest island in the world.
The official language of Malawi is English and the recognized regional language is Chicheva.
The name of the currency of Malawi is Kwacha.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Malawi was 1.81 crore in 2016.
Malawi is a Christian country. Muslim is a significant minority.
The largest lake in Malawi is Malawi Lake, also known as Nyasa Lake, it is 29,600 square kilometers. Spreads over.
Malawi has a tropical climate.
The highest mountain in Malawi is Mulanje, which has a height of 3,002 meters.
Due to the friendly population of Malawi, he has been given the nickname The Warm Heart of Africa.
The national sport of Malawi is football.
The national flower of Malawi is lotus.
The national bird of Malawi is the Fish Eagle.
The national animal of Malawi is Thomson Gazelle.
23 January 1915 - The Chilembwe uprising, regarded as a seminal moment in the history of Malawi, began as rebels, led by a minister, attacked local plantation owners.
31 December 1963 - Despite the efforts of Prime Minister Roy Valensky, the Central Arffrekan Federation officially divided into three separatists-Jambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
06 July 1964 - Malawi announced his freedom from the United Kingdom. Malawi was earlier called Nyasaland. It was a colony of Britain. It is the country of the continent which is located in the south-east of the African continent. It is one of the least developed countries.
06 July 1964 - Malawi, the country of the African continent, became independent from Britain and today was declared as the national day of this country.
06 July 1966 - Malawi became a republic country. The country adopted its new constitution. Thus the Republic of Republic joined the club. Hastings became the first President of Banda Malawi. He was one of the leaders who were demanding independence for the country.
17 May 1994 - On May 17, 1994, the first multi -party Malavian General Election took place. The Malawi Congress party was defeated by the United Democratic Front, both won the election for the President and the National Assembly and thus the MCP's 30 -year rule came to an end.
20 January 2012 - Around 2000 Malawi women protested against attacks on women wearing trousers by unemployed youths and street vendors.
06 November 2012 - Amidst a parliamentary and public debate, Malawi cancels his anti-homosexual law, even if it is canceled.
11 April 2013 - Malawi President Joyce Banda accused singer Madona of 'state officials' 'bullying' after exaggerating and complaining of his donation contribution during the recent visit of the country.