Namibia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Namibia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Namibia and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
Around the 14th century, Bantu came as an extension of the Bantu people who migrated. From the late 19th century, they formed the majority. In 1884, the German Empire established rule. In most of the region, German is a colony known as Southwest Africa. It developed farming and infrastructure. Between 1904 and 1908, the German Empire committed genocide against the Hero and Nama people. And finally German rule ended in 1915 with the defeat of South African forces. In 1920, after the end of the First World War, the League of Nations mandated the administration of the colony in South Africa. As a compulsory power, South Africa implemented its own laws, including racial classification and rules. From 1948, with the National Party being elected to power, it included South Africa, then known as South West Africa.
Located between the Namib and Kalahari deserts, Namibia receives the lowest rainfall in any country in sub-Saharan Africa. The Namibian landscape typically consists of five geographical regions of the Central Plateau, the Namib, the Great Escarpment, the Bushveld, and the Kalahari Desert, each with distinct abiotic conditions and vegetation, with some variations among them. The Central Plateau is located north to south, from the Skeleton Coast to the northwest, the Namib Desert and its coastal plain to the southwest, the Orange River to the south and the Kalahari Desert to the east. The Central Plateau Königstein is located at the highest point in Namibia at 2,606 m (8,550 ft) elevation.
The Namibian economy draws from South Africa because of their shared history. The largest economic sectors are mining, in 2009, 10.4% of GDP, agriculture 5.0%, manufacturing is developing 13.5%. Namibia is a highly developed banking sector with modern infrastructure such as online banking and cellphone banking. The Bank of Namibia (BoN) is the central bank of Namibia responsible for carrying out all other functions with an ordinance by the government central bank here. The banks in Namibia are Windhawk, First National Bank, Nedbank, Standard Bank and Small and Medium Enterprise Bank 5 BoN Authorized Commercial Banks.
Till the year 1990, English, German and Afrikaans were the official languages of this country. According to the 2011 census, the most common languages are Oshiwambo (the most spoken language for 49% of families), Khokheogob (11.3%), Afrikaans (10.4%), Rukmali (9%), and Otjihero (9%). Some other languages have received semi-official recognition as a medium of instruction in primary schools, and "English language" is a compulsory subject in all types of schools.
Nambia (Namibia) is located in the south of Africa, with neighboring countries Angola, Botswana and South Africa.
Nambia is named after the Namib Desert, it is one of the oldest deserts in the world.
Nambia made its constitution on 9 February 1990 and is the first country in the world to include environmental protection in the constitution.
Nambia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990.
The total area of Nambia is 825,418 sq km. (318,696 square miles).
The official language of Nambia is English and other recognized regional languages are Afrikaans, German and Oshiwambo.
The name of Nambia's currency is the Namibian Dollar.
According to the World Bank, in 2016 the total population of Nambia was 24.8 lakhs.
In Nambia, the religion of most people is Christian.
The largest river in Nambia is named The Fish River Canyon. It is 5,900 sq km. It is the largest valley in Africa.
The largest permanent natural lake in Nambia is named Otjikoto, it is spread over 51,00 square meters.
The largest underground lake in Nambia is named the Dragon's Breath (Dragon's Breath) which is located about 100 meters (330 ft) below the ground and is spread over about 2 hectares (4.9 acres). It is the largest underground lake in the world.
01 June 1845 - Homaling Pigeon completed an 11,000-kilometer trip to Namibia-London in 55 days.
26 August 1966 - The South African Defense Force launched an attack against Swapo Guerrilla Fighters in Omgulugombavashe, with Namibia's freedom struggle.