Mozambique History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Mozambique has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Mozambique and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port cities developed here, which contributed to the development of a separate Swahili (Kiswahili) culture and language. In medieval times, merchants from Somalia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia and India used to visit these cities. The visit of Vasco de Gama in 1498 marked the arrival of the Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonization and settling in 1505. After four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, soon after it became the People's Republic of Mozambique. After only two years of independence, the country plunged into an intense and prevalent civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multilateral election, and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic since then.
Mozambique has a total area of 309,475 square miles, and for this reason Mozambique is the 36th largest country in the world. It is almost equal in size to Turkey. Mozambique is located on the southeastern coast of Africa. It is bounded by Swaziland to the south, South Africa to the southwest, Zimbabwe to the west, Zambia and Malawi to the northwest, Tanzania to the north and east to the Indian Ocean. The Zambezi River divides this country into two topographic regions. To the north of the Zambezi River, the narrow coastal strip runs to inland hills and low plateaus. The country has five major rivers and several small rivulets, the largest and most important being the Zambezi. Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a rainy season from October to March and a dry season from April to September.
Mozambique is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, but between 1994 and 2006, its average annual GDP growth was around 8%. The official currency of Mozambique is New Metical. Mozambique is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The country's economy is largely agrarian, but industries such as food and beverage, chemical manufacturing and aluminum and petroleum production are in progress. The tourism sector is also expanding. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil, Portugal and Spain are also among the country's most important economic partners.
In the first to the fifth century AD, Bantu-speaking people settled here from the north and west, followed by the influence of Swahili-speaking and then Arab people. Portuguese is the country's official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 50.3% of the people.
Mozambique is a sovereign country located in the southeast of Africa.
Mozambique borders Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean in the east, Zimbabwe in the west, and Swaziland and South Africa in the south.
Mozambique was colonized by the Portuguese in 1505 and declared independent on 25 June 1975.
The total area of Mozambique is 8,01,590 sq km. (3,09,496 square miles).
The official language of Mozambique is Portuguese and the other local languages are Swahili, Makhua.
The name of the currency of Mozambique is Mozambique Meticul.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Mozambique in 2016 was 2.88 crore.
In Mozambique, the religion of most people is Christian.
Monte Binga is the highest mountain in Mozambique, its altitude is 2,440 meters (8,004 ft).
The longest river in Mozambique is the Zambezi River, which covers a length of 1,599 miles.
The worst civil war took place in Mozambique from 1977 to 1992.
The national animal of Mozambique is the African elephant.
The national bird of Mozambique is Tocororo, also known as Cuban Trogon.
The flag of Mozambique symbolizes green color of fertile land, red color of struggle for independence, yellow color of mineral resources of the country, white color of peace and red triangle symbolizes Mozambique.
06 July 1961 - An explosion in a Portuguese ship near Mozambique killed 300 people.
06 July 1975 - Comoros declared its freedom from France. Comoros is a small nation made up of groups of many small islands. It is located in the Indian Ocean on the Mozambique channel which is near the African continent.
28 January 1984 - Tropical Storm Domoina made land fall in southern Mozambique, causing some of the most severe flooding recorded in the region.