Zimbabwe History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Zimbabwe has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Zimbabwe and important events related to Zimbabwe history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Zimbabwe Country Profile

CountryZimbabwe
CapitalHarare
CurrencyZimbabwe Dollar
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationApril 18, 1980
FounderRekayi Tangwena

Zimbabwe History

Archaeological records show that the human history of present-day Zimbabwe dates back 100,000 years. The earliest known inhabitants were probably the San people, who left behind arrows and cave paintings. From about 1300 to 1600, the Kingdom of Zimbabwe adopted Mapungubwe. Around 1821, the Zulu general of the Khumelo clan, Mazilikazi, successfully revolted against King Shaka and established his own clan, the Ndebele. Following the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), the British government petitioned for unsuccessful negotiations with Smith's administration in 1966 and 1968 at the United Nations for sanctions against Rhodesia.

In December 1966, the organization imposed the first mandatory trade embargo on an autonomous state. These restrictions were expanded again in 1968. The first president of Zimbabwe after his independence was Canaan Banana which originally had a predominantly ceremonial role as head of state. The leader of the ZANU party, Robert Mugabe, was the country's first prime minister and head of government.

Zimbabwe Geography

Zimbabwe is a landlock country in southern Africa, it is surrounded by South Africa with Botswana to the south, Botswana to the west and southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east and north-east. Its northwestern corner is about 150 meters from Namibia, a quadrilateral of about four countries. Most of the country is high, with a central plateau (high) stretching southwestwards, with elevations of 1,000 and 1,600 meters from the south and west. The extreme east of the country is mountainous, the region known as the Eastern Highlands, with the mountain Nyangani 2,592 m.

Zimbabwe Economy

Minerals, gold and agriculture are the main overseas exports of Zimbabwe. Some of the world's largest platinum reserves are being mined by Anglo American Plc and Impala Platinum. The Marange diamond field, discovered in 2006, is considered the largest diamond discovery in a century. They have the potential to significantly improve the country's fiscal situation. According to the current report, the Marangay region is one of the largest diamond production projects in the world, estimated to have produced 12 million carats in 2014 at over $ 350 million. Zimbabwe is South Africa's largest trading partner on the continent.

Zimbabwe Language

English is the main language used in education and judiciary systems. The Bantu languages ​​Shona and Nedbele are the main indigenous languages ​​of Zimbabwe. Shona is spoken by 70% of the population, 20% by Nedabel. Other minority Bantu languages ​​include Venda, Tsonga, Shangan, Kalanga, Sotho, Nadau and Nambya. Less than 2.5%, predominantly white and colored (mixed breed) minorities, consider English as their native language. Shona has a rich oral tradition, which was included in the first Shona novel, Feso, by Solomon Mutsveiro, published in 1956. English is mainly spoken in cities, but less in rural areas. Radio and television news are now broadcast in Shona, Sindhbele and English.

Zimbabwe Important Facts

  • Zimbabwe is officially called the Republic of Zimbabwe which is a landlock country located between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers to the south of the African.
  • Zimbabwe was previously known as Southern Rhodesia, Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia.
  • Zimbabwe borders with Mozambique to the east, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and South Africa to the south.
  • Zimbabwe gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) in 1965 on 11 November.
  • The total area of ​​Zimbabwe is 390,757 sq km. (150,872 square miles).
  • Zimbabwe has 16 official languages ​​which are Cheva, Chibaraway, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Nado, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign Language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda and Xhosa.
  • The name of the Zimbabwean currency is the US dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Zimbabwe in 2016 was 1.62 crore.
  • In Zimbabwe, the religion of most people is Christian.
  • The most important ethnic group in Zimbabwe is the Black African.
  • The highest mountain in Zimbabwe is Mount Nyangani, which has a height of 2,592 meters.
  • The longest river in Zimbabwe is the Zambezi River, which has a length of 2,574 km.
  • Lake Kariba, the largest lake in Zimbabwe, is 5,400 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • The national dish of Zimbabwe is Sadza.
  • The national animal of Zimbabwe is the Sable Antelope.

Zimbabwe Important History Events

  • 17 november 1855 - Explorer David Livingstone became the first European to seeVictoria Falls one of the largest waterfalls in the world,on what is now the Zambia–Zimbabwe border.
  • 08 august 1963 - The Zimbabwe African National Union was formed when NdabaningiSithole, Robert Mugabe, and others decided to split from the ZimbabweAfrican People's Union.
  • 02 March 1970 - Rhodesia, now the country of the African continent, Zimbabwe) became an independent republic.
  • 04 march 1980 - Robert Mugabe of the Zimbabwe African National Union waselected to head the first government in Zimbabwe.
  • 01 September 1986 - The eighth Non-Aligned Movement Summit began in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • 06 September 1986 - The eighth Non-Aligned Movement Summit ended in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • 15 march 1993 - A great event in Indian cricket history as Vinod Kambli scored 227 runs. The match was against Zimbabwe. It was his 2nd consecutive century.
  • 23 january 1996 - Chris Cairns, the New Zealand cricketer scored 120 in 96 balls in Test against Zimbabwe.
  • 18 december 1996 - Start of 1st Test Cricket match between Zimbabwe and England.
  • 03 january 1997 - Eddo Brands of Zimbabwe takes ODI HAT-TRICKS vs. England at Harare.

Populated Cities of Zimbabwe

Mazowe, Kwekwe, Kadoma, Masvingo, Bulawayo, Chinhoyi, Zvishavane, Victoria Falls, Chitungwiza, Hwange, Chiredzi, Beitbridge, Kariba, Karoi, Mutare, Plumtree, Gweru, Harare, Gwanda, Shamva, Lupane, Marondera, Bindura,

4 Neighbour countries of Zimbabwe

Botswana [L] , Mozambique [L] , South Africa [L] , Zambia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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