March 20 in History – What happened on 20 March in Past

20 March - Today in History - Important historical events happened on this day in India and World History

According to Gregory calendar, on March 20, the day number in a year is 79 and if it is a leap year then the day number is 80. March 20 has a special significance in India and world history, because many such incidents have occurred on this day which have been recorded forever in the pages of history. Let's know some such important events which will increase your general knowledge. The facts collected will be as follows: People born on this day, demise of famous people, war treaty, freedom of any country, invention of new technologies, change of power, important National and International Day etc.

March 20 in History - Top Historical Events

YearEvent / Incidence / Incident
325The First Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church, was formally opened in present-day Iznik, Turkey.
685The Picts defeated the Northumbrian near Dunnichen, severely weakening the latter's power in northern Great Britain.
794According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, King Æthelberht II of East Anglia was beheaded on the order of King Offa of Mercia.
1217In the Battle of Lincoln, the last land battle of the First Barons' War, William the Marshal drove Prince Louis of France out of England.
1351Sultan Mohammad bin Tughlaq of Delhi died.
1602United Dutch East India Company was established.
1609Thomas Thorpe published the first copies of Shakespeare's Sonnets, possibly without William Shakespeare's Consent.
1713Tuscara War: Colonel James Moore's Carolina Militia waged a major offensive against Fort Neoroka.
1739Nadir Shah captured the city of Delhi in India and stole all the jewels of the Mayur throne including Koh-Noor.
1760The largest fire in the city of Boston destroyed 349 buildings.
1816The US Supreme Court affirmed the authority to review the state's decision.
1819Burlington Arcade opened in London.
1861The city of Mendona in Argentina was completely devastated by a powerful earthquake.
1873Clothing manufacturer Levi Strauss and tailor Jacob Davis weregranted a patent for using copper rivets to strengthen the pockets ofdenim overalls, allowing their company to start manufacturing theirfirst line of blue jeans.
1875Representatives from seventeen countries signed the MetreConvention which set up an institute for the purpose of coordinatinginternational metrology and for coordinating the development of themetric system.
1876Taking legal effect through constitutional reform, Louis de Geyer became the first Prime Minister of Sweden.
1882The Triple Alliance was created between the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Italy.
1916Albert Einstein's book General Theory of Relatively was published.
1919The Turkish War of Independence took place on May 19, 1919 between the Turkish nationalists and the Allies Greece, Armenia, France and Great Britain on three different fronts namely the Western front, the Eastern front and the Southern front. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led the Turkish movement and defeated the forces of Allies.
1927By the Treaty of Jeddah, the United Kingdom recognized the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud over Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged to become Saudi Arabia.
1930The Women's Enfranchisement Act, 1930 was passed on May 19, 1930 by the South African Parliament which granted voting rights to only white women aged 21 or above.
1952The United States Senate ratified the peace treaty with Japan.
1956The first United States airborne test of hydrogen bomb was conducted on May 20, 1956 over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
1964American physicists Robert Woodrow Wilson and Arno Penzias discovered cosmic microwave background radiation on May 20, 1964. Both of them earned the 1978 Nobel Prize in physics for this discovery which is of great importance because cosmic microwave is the thermal radiation left over from the Big Bang that means it is the oldest light in the universe.
1966National Film Award winning singer Alka Yagnik was born in Kolkata.
1969The Battle of Hamburger Hill came to an end on May 20, 1969, fought between the United States and South Vietnamese against North Vietnamese forces. After getting tactical victory over North Vietnamese forces, US President Richard Nixon announced the withdrawal from South Vietnam.
1969US President Nixon announced the end of the Vietnam War in 1970.
1981Former Argentine President Isabel Perón was sentenced to eight years.
1983A team of researchers led by French virologist Luc Montagnier Published their discovery of HIV, although they did not know yet if it causes AIDS.
1987The Food and Drug Administration approved the anti-AIDS drug AZT. It was the first drug approved by the US government to treat AIDS.
1989The Chinese government declared martial law on May 20, 1989 following a demonstration by a million of residents to support the movement started by students at Tiananmen Square. The order of martial law soon resulted into Tiananmen Square Massacre or commonly known as June Fourth Massacre in which troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians.
1990Romanian first post-communist presidential and parliamentary elections were held on May 20, 1990. Ion Iliescu won the election with 90% of the votes and became the first elected President of Romania.
1991Begum Khalida Zia elected President of Bangladesh.
1993One for the Road, the series finale of American television sitcom Cheers, was watched by 42.4 million American households on its original airing.
1995Leaking toxic gas into the Underground Railroad in Tokyo killed 12 people and injured 4,700 people.
1996The US Supreme Court struck down laws in Colorado that would have prevented any jurisdiction in the state from taking any governmental action to protect homosexual citizens from discrimination on the basis of their sexual orientation.
1999Renowned British abstract painter Patrick Heron passed away.
2002Southeast Asian country East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent nation on May 20, 2002. East Timor was invaded by Indonesian occupation for more than two decades after self declaration of independence on 28th November 1975 from Portugal Colonization.
2002East Timor gained independence from Indonesia, becoming the first new sovereign state of the 21st century.
2003Allied military missile attacks on Baghdad began on this day. The purpose of these attacks started under the leadership of America was to remove Saddam Hussein from power.
2006Dhaka wildcat strikes took place on May 20, 2006 and lasted for 18 days in and around the capital of Bangladesh. More than 1.8 million workers from 4000 garment factories demonstrated and were engaged in a series of massive strikes.
2012The first of two major earthquakes struck Northern Italy, resulting in seven deaths.
2014The journalist, writer and historian Khushwant Singh, who is known for his impeccable comment, died.

Famous Birthdays of March 20:

YearName / Profession / Country
1937Lois Lowry / Author / United States of America
1851Ismail Gasprinski / Educator / Ukraine
1989Xavier Dolan / Actor / Canada
1907Hugh MacLennan / Author / Canada
1903Edgar Buchanan / Actor / United States of America
1973Nicky Boje / Cricketer / South Africa
1836Edward Poynter / Painter / United Kingdom
1856Frederick Winslow Taylor / Engineer / United States of America
1985Ronnie Brewer / Basketball Player / United States of America
1971Touré / Author / United States of America
1969Fabien Galthie / Rugby Player / France
1834Charles William Eliot / Academic / United States of America
1898Eduard Wiiralt / Artist / Estonia
1908Michael Redgrave / Actor / United Kingdom
1958Rickey Jackson / Footballer / United States of America
1948Bobby Orr / Ice Hockey Player / Canada
1979Shinnosuke Abe / Baseball Player / Japan
1916Pierre Messmer / Politician / France
1973Natalya Khrushcheleva / Runner / Russia
1955Ian Moss / Writer / Australia
1943Douglas Tompkins / Business Man / United States of America
1960Yuri Shargin / Engineer / Russia
1961Slim Jim Phantom / Drummer / United States of America
1956Catherine Ashton / Politician / United Kingdom
1941Kenji Kimihara / Runner / Japan
1955Nina Kiriki Hoffman / Author / United States of America
1991Mattia Destro / Footballer / Italy
1940Stathis Chaitas / Footballer / Greece
1947John Boswell / Historian / United States of America
1954Liana Kanelli / Politician / Greece

This day in other months
January 20 | February 20 | March 20 | April 20 | May 20 | June 20 | July 20 | August 20 | September 20 | October 20 | November 20 | December 20

Related search terms
Today in history | 20 March Major Events | 20 March Important Days | 20 March in Indian History | March 20 in World History | What Happened on 20 March | March 20 Famous Birthdays

Read in Hindi : 20 मार्च की प्रमुख ऐतिहासिक घटनाएं

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