Sudan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Sudan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Sudan and important events related to Sudan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Sudan Country Profile

CurrencySudanese pound
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League
FormationJanuary 1, 1956

Sudan History

Sudan is still one of the few countries in the world, where the people of 3000 BC settlements are still surviving. Because in 1956, when Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom, after that Sudan faced a long civil war lasting 17 years. And after that ethnic, religious and economic war broke out between North Sudan with abundance of Arabic and Nubian origin and Southern Sudan dominated by Christian and animist nilots. And the biggest form of this war was seen in 1983. This was Sudan's second civil war. In the midst of these battles, Colonel Omar al-Bashir seized power in 1989, by a bloodhound coup. Sudan achieved macroeconomic growth by implementing macroeconomic reforms and agreed to provide limited autonomy to rebellious factions of the South through a new constitution in 2005 and a referendum on the issue of independence in 2011.

Sudan Geography

Sudan is located in North Africa, with 853 km of coastline surrounded by the Red Sea. It has land borders with Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Chad and Libya. Sudan has a total area of ​​1,886,068 km2, and for this reason it is the third largest country on the continent (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo) and the sixteenth largest country in the world. Deriba Caldera, located in the Mariba Mountains, to the west of Sudan, has an elevation of 3,042 m, and is the highest point in Sudan. East of Sudan are the world famous Red Sea hills.

Sudan Economy

In 2010, Sudan was ranked as the 17th fastest growing economy in the world and the nation's rapid growth was triggered by massive oil gains even when it faced international sanctions by the New York Times in a 2006 article. Sudan's economy has been growing steadily since the 2000s, and according to a World Bank report the total growth in GDP in 2010 was 5.2 percent compared to 2009 of 5.2 percent.

Sudan Language

About 70 languages ​​are spoken in Sudan. But Sudanese Arabic is the most spoken language in the country. It is a variation of Arabic, which is an Afroasiatic language of the Semitic branch spoken in Sudan. Afrozatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family of about 300 languages ​​that is mainly from West Asia, North Africa, Horn of Africa, and Sahel. Some parts are spoken.

Sudan Important Facts

  • Sudan is officially called the Republic of Sudan which is located in the northeast of Africa.
  • Sudan borders Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the north east, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Uganda and Kenya to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.
  • Sudan gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) and Egypt on 1 January 1956.
  • The total area of ​​Sudan is 2,505,813 sq km. (967,495 sq mi).
  • Sudan is a multilingual country whose official languages ​​are English and Arabic.
  • The currency of Sudan is named Sudanese Pound.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Sudan in 2016 was 3.96 crores.
  • In Sudan, the religion of most people is Islam which belongs to Sunni community.
  • Sudan has a tropical climate that makes the region warm and humid.
  • The highest mountain in Sudan is Mount Kinyeti, which has a height of 3,187 meters.
  • The longest river of Sudan is the Nile River, which is the second largest river in the world, it has a length of 4,258 miles.
  • The first planetary war in Sudan lasted from 1955 to 1972 and the second planetary war from 1983 to 2005.
  • Sudan has more pyramid collections than Egypt.

Sudan Important History Events

  • 25 January 1824 - Famous Bengali poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt was born.
  • 09 February 1824 - The famous nineteenth century Bengali poet and playwright Michael Madhusudan Dutta embraced Christianity.
  • 10 January 1836 - Professor Madhusudan Gupta studied the internal structure of the human body for the first time.
  • 29 june 1881 - In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam. Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah was a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan. His proclamation came during a period of widespread resentment among the Sudanese population of the oppressive policies of the Turco-Egyptian rulers, and capitalized on the messianic beliefs popular among the various Sudanese religious sects of the time.
  • 13 march 1884 - Mahdist War-Forces loyal to self-proclaimed Mahdi MuhammadAhmad began a 319-day siege of a combined Anglo-Egyptian force defendingKhartoum, Sudan.
  • 17 January 1885 - Mahdisat War in Sudan: The British Army won in the Battle of Abu Kli.
  • 20 june 1960 - The Mali Federation gained independence from France. The Mali Federation was a country in West Africa linking the French colonies of Senegal and the Sudanese Republic for a period of only two months. It was founded as a territory with self-rule within the French Community and became independent after negotiations with France. It was later split into Mali and Senegal.
  • 04 february 1994 - 20 people died in armed assault on mosque in Khartum in Sudan.
  • 14 august 1994 - International fugitive Carlos the Jackal, wanted for a numberof terrorist attacks in Europe, was handed over to French agents bySudanese officials.
  • 08 July 2003 - A Sudan Airways plane crashed, killing all 116 passengers on board.

Populated Cities of Sudan

Ed Dueim, Bentiu, Tokar, Kapoeta, Melut, Umm Ruwaba, Gogrial, Berber, Port Sudan, Khartoum, Aweil, Yambio, Kassala, El Obeid, Kerma, Niyala, Kosti, Medani, Rumbek, Bor, Dongola, El Fasher, Nimule, Omdurman, Gedaref, Haiya, Muglad, Babanusa, Shendi, Ad Damazin, Yei, Kadugli, Nasir, Wadi Halfa, Atbara, Geneina, Malakal, El Manaqil, Maridi, Sennar, Wau, Juba, En Nuhud, EdDamer, Merowe, Singa, Kuacjok, Rabak, Ed Daein, Torit, El Fula, Zalingei,

8 Neighbour countries of Sudan

Central African Republic [L] , Chad [L] , Egypt [LM] , Eritrea [LM] , Ethiopia [L] , Libya [L] , Saudi Arabia [M] , South Sudan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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