Eritrea History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Eritrea has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Eritrea and important events related to Eritrea history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Eritrea Country Profile

GroupAfrican Union
FormationMay 24, 1993

Eritrea History

The Kingdom of Aksum was established during the first or second century AD, covering modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. It adopted Christianity in the middle of the fourth century. After the defeat of the Italian Colonial Army in 1942, Eritrea was administered by the British Military Administration until 1952. In 1962, the government of Ethiopia abrogated the Eritrean parliament and formally abrogated Eritrea. The Eritrean separatist movement organized the Eritrean Liberation Front in 1961 and the Eritrean independence struggle was fought until Eritrea attained de facto independence in 1991. And finally Eritrea gained de jure independence in 1993 following an independence referendum.

Eritrea Geography

Eritrea is a country located in northeast Africa, with Sudan to its west, Ethiopia to its south, and Djibouti to its southeast. Saudi Arabia and Yemen have a vast coastline in the east and north east part of the country. The Dhalak Islands and several parts of the Hanisch Islands form part of Irritia. The population of this country, smaller than 1,18,000 sq km, is around 5 lakhs. The capital of the country is Asmara.

Eritrea Economy

The economy of Eritrea has experienced considerable growth in recent years (2010–20), with an annual improvement in gross domestic product (GDP) of more than 5% in recent years, up to 8.7% in some years. A major reason for the recent growth of the Eritrean economy is the full operation at the gold and silver Bisha mine and the commencement of cement production from the cement factory at Masawa.

Eritrea Language

There are nine national languages ​​in Eritrea which are the Tigrin language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Balen, Kunama, Nara and Saaho. Tigrinya, Arabic and English serve as de facto working languages ​​with university education and languages ​​used in many technical fields. While the former colonial language holds no government recognized status in Eritrea, it is spoken by some monolinguals and is the Scola Italiana di Asmara in Asmara, a long-running Italian government-run school.

Eritrea Important Facts

  • Eritrea is located in the northeast of Africa, bordering Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the southeast, and Sudan in the west.
  • The eastern and northeast part of Eritrea has a vast coastline of the Red Sea lined by Saudi Arabia and Yemen and its parts are the Dhalak Islands and the Hanisch Islands.
  • Eritrea was the colony of Italy and Ethiopia of Europe which gained independence from Italy on November 1941 (formal) from Ethiopia on 24 May 1991 and from Ethiopia (duly) on 24 May 1993.
  • The total area of ​​Eritrea is 117,600 sq km. (45,405 sq mi).
  • According to the World Bank, Irritia had a total population of 4.475 million in 2011.
  • The population of Eritrea is equally divided between Christian and Muslim religions.
  • Eritrea is a multilingual country with no official language, but the recognized national languages ​​are Tigrinya, Arabic, Tigray, Kunama, Saho, Bilen, and the working languages ​​are Tigrinya, Arabic and English.
  • The name of Eritrea's currency is Naqfa.
  • The highest mountain in Eritrea is Emba Soira, which is 3,018 meters (9,90 ft) above sea level.
  • There have been two civil wars in Irritia till now, the first civil war from 1972 to 1974 and the second civil war from 1980 to 1981.
  • The national animal of Eritrea is the Arabian camel.
  • Eritrea officially adopted the flag on May 24, 1993, with the color red as the blood of the freedom struggle, the green color as agriculture and livestock, the blue as the Red Sea, and the olive tree as a symbol of peace and prosperity.

Eritrea Important History Events

  • 05 february 1941 - Second World War-British and Free French forces began the Battle of Keren to capture the strategic town of Keren in Italian Eritrea.
  • 27 june 1977 - France granted freedom to Djibouti. Republic of Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east.
  • 17 march 1988 - Eritrean War of Independence-The Eritrean People's LiberationFront encircled an Ethiopian force and gained a decisive victory in theBattle of Afabet.
  • 24 may 1993 - Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia. Following a UN-supervised referendum in Eritrea in which the Eritrean people overwhelmingly voted for independence, Eritrea declared its independence and gained international recognition.

Populated Cities of Eritrea

Asmara, Agordat, Mendefera, Tessenei, Keren, Massawa, Assab, Barentu,

5 Neighbour countries of Eritrea

Ethiopia [L] , Republic of Djibouti [LM] , Saudi Arabia [M] , Sudan [LM] , Yemen [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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