Ethiopia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Ethiopia and important events related to Ethiopia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Ethiopia Country Profile
In the first centuries, the Aksam Empire maintained a civilization integrated by the Ethiopian Empire into the frontier region. During the late 19th century scramble for Africa, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two nations. In 1987, Derg founded the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1991, the Ethiopia People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has since been the ruling political coalition.
At 1,104,300 square kilometers (426,372.61 sq mi), Ethiopia is the 28th largest country in the world, comparable in size to Bolivia. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country, stretching from the desert along the eastern border to tropical forests in the south and the widespread ephromontane in the northern and southwestern parts. There is a great diversity of terrain with a wide diversity in climate, soil, natural vegetation and settlement patterns.
According to the IMF, Ethiopia was one of the fastest growing economies in the world, recording more than 10% economic growth during 2004 to 2009. It was the fastest growing non-oil-dependent African economy in the years of 2007 and 2008. In 2015 the World Bank highlighted that Ethiopia had seen rapid economic growth between 2004 and 2014, with real domestic product (GDP) average growth of 10.9%.
According to Ethnolog, there are 90 different languages spoken in Ethiopia. Most people in the country speak Afrocytic language of Cushitic or Semitic branches. Other Afrozatic languages include Cushitic Sidamo, Afar, Hadia and Agava languages, as well as Semitic Gurez languages, Harari, Silte, and Argoba languages. Arabic, which also belongs to the Afrozatic family, is similarly spoken in some regions.
Ethiopia Important Facts
- Ethiopia is a landlock country located in the east of Africa, officially called the Democratic Republic of Ethiopia since 1991.
- Ethiopia was founded in 980 BC. Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world.
- Ethiopia was known as Abyssinia.
- The total area of Ethiopia is 1,104,300 sq km. (426,371 square miles).
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Ethiopia in 2016 was 102.4 million.
- The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic.
- The currency of Ethiopia is named Birr.
- Ethiopia borders Sudan in the northwest with South Sudan in the west, Eritrea in the north, Kenya in the south and Djibouti and Somalia in the east.
- Ethiopia celebrates their new year on 11 September, which they call Enkutatash.
- Ethiopia could never be colonized by a European power, but in 1936 the Italians tried to capture it, defeating the Italians twice.
- Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia was the first African double Olympic marathon champion, having won a marathon at the 1960 Summer Olympics, while setting a world record while running barefoot.
- Ethiopia is the only country in the world to have 13 months in a year.
- The largest lake in Ethiopia is Tana Lake, which is also the source of the Blue Nile River.The lake is spread over 832 square miles.
- The highest mountain in Ethiopia is Ras Dejen, which is the tenth highest mountain in Africa with a height of 4,550 meters (14,930 ft).
- The national animal of Ethiopia is the lion.
Ethiopia Important History Events
- 10 august 1270 - Yekuno Amlak deposed the last Zagwe king and seized theimperial throne of Ethiopia, beginning the reign of the Solomonicdynasty that would last for more than 700 years.
- 21 february 1543 - Led by the Ethiopian Emperor Galawdewos, the combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army led by Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi.
- 10 march 1607 - Susenyos defeated the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, making him Emperor of Ethiopia.
- 01 July 1708 - Tewaflos was made Emperor of Ethiopia.
- 20 july 1779 - Tekle Giyorgis I began the first of his six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.
- 10 april 1868 - A British military expedition to Abyssinia culminated in a route of Ethiopians and the later suicide of Emperor Tewodros II.
- 10 April 1868 - In Ethiopia, the British and Indian Army defeated the army of Tavodroz II and 700 Ethiopians were killed in this war, while only two British-Indian soldiers were martyred.
- 12 January 1872 - In Johannes IV Aksum was crowned Ethiopia Emperor, the first ruler of that city in 500 years.
- 06 june 1882 - The Shewa kingdom made big strides towards gaining supremacyover the Ethiopian Empire by defeating the Gojjam and gaining control ofterritories south of the Gibe River.
- 01 march 1896 - Ethiopia defeated Italy at the Battle of Adwa, ending the First Italo-Ethiopian War.
Populated Cities of Ethiopia
Mekele, Gore, Hosaina, Asela, Gode, Nekemte, Debre Markos, Arba Minch, Sodo, Debre Birhan, Jijiga, Nazret, Aksum, Dila, Hagere Hiywet, Yirga Alem, Goba, Gimbi, Addis Ababa, Asosa, Dembi Dolo, Dire Dawa, Bahir Dar, Bati, Dese, Harar, Gonder, Awasa, Jima, Dolo Bay, Nagele, Giyon, Shashemene, Adigrat, Gambela, Semera,
6 Neighbour countries of Ethiopia
Eritrea [L] , Kenya [L] , Republic of Djibouti [L] , Somalia [L] , South Sudan [L] , Sudan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)