Mongolia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Mongolia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Mongolia and important events related to Mongolia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Mongolia Country Profile

CountryMongolia
CapitalUlaanbaatar
CurrencyMongolian Tögrög
ContinentAsia
FounderModu Chanyu

Mongolia History

Today what is known as Mongolia was once ruled by various nomadic kingdoms, these kingdoms included Shinognu, Xianbei, Rouran, Goturk and others. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. But after the fall of the Yuan dynasty, the Mongols returned to their old way of life. After which Mongolia came under the influence of Tibetan Buddhism in the 16th and 17th centuries. At the end of the 17th century much of Mongolia's territory was ruled by the Qing dynasty. Mongolia declared independence during the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, but had to struggle to establish independence by 1921 and gain international recognition by 1945. As a result, the country came under strong Russian and Soviet influence, the Mongolian People's Republic was declared in 1924 and Mongolia politically complied with the Soviet politics of the time. After the breakup of communist regimes in Eastern Europe in 1989, Mongolia witnessed a democratic revolution in 1990, which led to the establishment of a multi-party system, a new constitution was formed in 1992 and the country moved towards a market economy.

Mongolia Geography

Mongolia is the 18th largest country in the world (after Iran). It is much larger than the next largest country, Peru. Mongolia's geography is diverse, with the Gobi Desert to the south and the cold, mountainous regions to the north and west. Mongolia is known as "Land of the Eternal Blue Sky" or "Country of Blue Sky" (Mongolian: "Monkh Khok Tangerine Iron"), as it has more than 250 sunny days a year. Throughout winter, Mongolia comes under the influence of the Siberian anticyclone. The areas most affected by this cold season are the province of Uves (Ulaingom), western Khovesgol (Rinchinhumbe), eastern Zavakhan (Toscotsengel), northern Bulgan (Hayag) and eastern Dorod province (Khalkhin Gol).

Mongolia Economy

Economic activity in Mongolia has long been based on herring and agriculture, although the development of extensive mineral deposits of copper, coal, molybdenum, tin, tungsten and gold has emerged as a driver of industrial production. Apart from mining (21.8% of GDP) and agriculture (16% of GDP), the major industries in the composition of GDP are wholesale and retail trade and service, transportation and storage, and real estate activities. The gray economy is estimated to be at least one-third the size of the official economy. As of 2006, 68.4% of Mongolia's exports went to the PRC, and the PRC supplied 29.8% of Mongolia's imports.

Mongolia Language

Mongolia's official language is Mongolian, and is spoken by 95% of the population. Many dialects of Oraat and Buryat are spoken throughout the country, and there are also some speakers of the Mongolic Khamanigan. In the west of the country, both Ottoman languages, Kazakh and Tuvan, are also spoken. Mongolian sign language is the main language of the deaf community.

Mongolia Important Facts

  • Mongolia is a landlock country located in the Middle East of Asia.
  • Mongolia borders China to the south, east and west, and Russia to the north.
  • On 26 November 1924, the Democratic Republic of Mongolia became the second largest communist country in the world.
  • Mongolia gained independence from China on 26 November 1924, but China divided Mongolia into two parts, the exterior the independence but the internal one.
  • The total area of ​​Mongolia is 1,566,000 sq km. (605,000 square miles).
  • The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian and the script is Mongolian Cyrillic.
  • The name of the currency of Mongolia is Togrog.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Mongolia in 2016 was 30.3 lakhs.
  • In Mongolia, the religion of most people is Buddhism and second is Islam.
  • The main ethnic groups in Mongolia are Mongolians and Kazakhs.
  • Mongolia is also called the Land of the Blue Sky because it gets sunny for 260 days in a year.
  • The national drink in Mongolia is horse milk, called airag.
  • The highest peak of Mongolia is Khüiten Peak, which has a height of 4,374 m.
  • Mongolia participated in the Mongolian National Wrestling match on September 17, 2011, which was attended by 6,002 Mongolian wrestlers, making it the world's largest wrestling competition.
  • After the death of the famous ruler Genghis Khan in August 1227, his body was buried in an unknown tomb in Mongolia.

Mongolia Important History Events

  • 11 july 1921 - Red army captured the Mongolia from white army and established Mongolian People’s Republic. The white army was anti-communist, Russian patriotic which was supported by US, empire of Japan and many other countries while the red army was pro-communist.
  • 11 July 1921 - Mongolia declared its independence.
  • 31 may 1924 - The Soviet Union signed an agreement with the Beijing government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China", whose "sovereignty" therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • 09 August 1945 - Mongolia declares war with Japan
  • 10 december 1989 - At the first open pro-democracy demonstration in Mongolia, journalist Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announced the formation of the Mongolian Democratic Union, which would be instrumental in ending communist rule four months later.
  • 06 june 1993 - Mongolia conducted its first presidential election. Magnolia is a landlocked country situated in central East Asia. Mongolia is 19th largest country in the world. It shares its border with major super powers- Russia and china.
  • 19 october 2005 - According to reports 2600 birds have died of the H5N1 virus near Hohhot, Inner Mongolia.
  • 24 May 2005 - NB Inkbair was elected President of Mongolia.
  • 02 august 2009 - Unusual Buddhist belongings, buried in the 1930s during Mongolia's Communist expulsion, are found in the Gobi Desert.
  • 19 january 2011 - Somalia pirates seized the Mongolian bulk carrier sailing off the coast of Oman.

Populated Cities of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, Buyant-Uhaa, Uliastay, Erdenet, Darhan, Ulaan-Uul, Ulaangom, Olgiy, Choybalsan, Dund-Us, Mandalgovi, Arvayheer, Moron, Bayankhongor, Suchboatar, Tsetserleg, Dzuunharaa, Dzuunmod, Bulgan, Baruun Urt, Dalandzadgad, Ondorhaan, Hodrogo, Dalandzadgad, Choyr, Darhan, Altay,

2 Neighbour countries of Mongolia

China [L] , Russia [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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