South Korea History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

South Korea has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the South Korea and important events related to South Korea history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

South Korea Country Profile

CountrySouth Korea
CapitalSeoul
CurrencySouth Korean Won
ContinentAsia
FounderHwanung

South Korea History

South Koreans call their country Hanguk, which literally means the Land of Hanas, the first migration of Neolithic people to the Korean Peninsula in the third century BC. Since then, the country has maintained its identity between China and Japan. The culture of Korea is a rich culture which has its own distinct identity. At the end of World War II, the Korean peninsula was divided into two parts, the two superpowers of the time, the Soviet Union and the United States. After the war, authoritarian rule system emerged in the Republic of Korea which was under Seungman Rhee and then Park Chung-hee. Even after being a dictatorial government, South Korea made unprecedented progress in the next three decades and in 1950 it came out of the category of extremely backward countries and developed countries.

South Korea Geography

The Republic of Korea is located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and is located 1,100 km from the mainland of Asia. Its neighbors are the Yellow Sea to the west of the country, the Japan Sea to the east, the Gulf of Korea to the south, North Korea to the north. The total area of ​​the country is 100,222 square kilometers. The landscape of the country is mostly hilly and covers 30% of the country's landmass. It has 3,000 islands off the coast, most of which are uninhabited and very small. The largest island is Jeju. The climate is monsoon, summers are hot and humid, winters are cold and dry. Annual rainfall conditions range from 1,370 mm in Seoul to 1,470 mm in Busan.

South Korea Economy

As of 2008, South Korea's economy is the world's 5th largest by purchasing power and the fourth largest on a cognitive basis. During the last sixty years major areas of South Korea's economy have undergone miraculous changes. During the decade 1940, the economy of the country was mainly agro-based and some light industries. During the next few decades, the emphasis was on light industries and consumer products in the economy, and during the 1970s and 1980s, heavy industries were emphasized.

South Korea Language

The Korean language is the official language belonging to the Altaic language family. The Korean writing script, Hangul, was invented in 1446 during the reign of King Sejong with the aim of spreading education among his subjects. In the royal proclamation of Hunmin Geongium, Chinese characters were considered very difficult to learn by a common person, which literally means sounds that are suitable for teaching people. In the year 2000, the government decided to introduce the romanization system. English is taught as a second language in most primary schools. Additionally, Chinese, Japanese, French, German, or Spanish are also taught in secondary schools for two years.

South Korea Important Facts

  • South Korea, officially called the Republic of Korea, is located in the south of the Korean Peninsula in the east of Asia.
  • South Korea gained independence from Japan on August 15, 1945.
  • The total area of ​​South Korea is 100,210 sq km. (38,690 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of South Korea are Korean and the Korean sign language.
  • The currency of South Korea is named South Korean won.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of South Korea in 2016 was 254 million.
  • The religion of most people in South Korea is Buddhism and Christianity.
  • The most important ethnic group in South Korea is originally Korean.
  • The climate of South Korea is humid continental and humid tropical.
  • The highest mountain in South Korea is Hallasan, which has an altitude of 1,950 meters.
  • The longest river in South Korea is the Nakdong River, which has a length of 525 km.
  • South Korea internet speed is 28.6 (Mb / s), which is the highest in the world, so its internet is number one in the world.
  • South Korea is home to global electronics company Samsung Electronics.
  • The national animal of South Korea is the Siberian tiger.
  • South Korea's national dish is kimchi.

South Korea Important History Events

  • 03 april 1948 - An uprising began on Jeju Island, eventually leading to thedeaths of between 14,000 and 30,000 individuals due to fighting betweenits various factions, and the violent suppression of the rebellion by the South Korean army.
  • 25 june 1950 - The Korean War begins with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea. The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
  • 28 june 1950 - Korean War: Seoul was captured by North Korean troops. The Korean War in North Korean was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
  • 14 july 1950 - In an early battle of the Korean War, North Korean troops began attacking the headquarters of the American 24th Infantry Division in Taejon, South Korea.
  • 25 June 1950 - Civil war broke out between North and South Korea fighting for the independence, which later took the form of international cold war.
  • 25 november 1952 - Korean War-After 42 days of fighting, the Battle of TriangleHill ended as American and South Korean units abandoned their attempt tocapture the 'Iron Triangle'.
  • 01 May 1954 - The Unification Church was established in South Korea.
  • 19 april 1960 - Students in South Korea held a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
  • 16 may 1961 - The Military Revolution Committee, led by Park Chung-hee,carried out a bloodless coup against the government of Yun Bo-seon,ending the Second Republic of South Korea.
  • 08 August 1973 - South Korean politician Kim Dae-jung was kidnapped by KCIA in Tokyo.

3 Neighbour countries of South Korea

China [M] , Japan [M] , North Korea [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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