1937 in History – What happened in year 1937

In history, year 1937 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1937.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1937:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
15 januarySpanish Civil War-Nationalist and Republican forces both withdrew after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.
19 februaryAn attempt to assassinate Italian Viceroy Rodolfo Graziani in Addis Ababa failed, triggering a brutal crackdown of Ethiopians over the following three days.
02 marchThe Steel Workers Organizing Committee, precursor to the UnitedSteel Workers of America, made a dramatic breakthrough when it signed acollective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel.
14 marchPope Pius XI issued the encyclical Mit brennender Sorge,condemning antisemitism, criticizing Nazism, listing breaches of anagreement signed with the Roman Catholic Church.
21 marchA police squad, acting under orders from Governor of PuertoRico Blanton Winship, opened fire on demonstrators protesting the arrestof Puerto Rican Nationalist leader Pedro Albizu Campos, killing 17people and injuring over 200 others.
26 aprilSpanish Civil War-The Bombing of Guernica by the Condor Legionof the German Luftwaffe resulted in a devastating firestorm that causedwidespread destruction and civilian deaths and inspired one of PabloPicasso's most famous paintings.
06 mayGerman airship Hindenburg crashed on May 6, 1937 on an attempt to dock with a mooring mast at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey. 36 person were died including crew members when the fire ignited the 16 hydrogen filled cell and destroyed the zeppelin in only 34 seconds.
06 mayThe German zeppelin Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyedwhile trying to land at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey,killing over 30 people on board.
21 mayNorth Pole-1, Soviet and Russian manned stations, became the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean on May 21, 1937.
28 mayVolkswagen (VW), the German automobile manufacturer is founded. Volkswagen is a German automobile manufacturer headquartered. Volkswagen is the top-selling and namesake marque of the Volkswagen Group, the holding company created in 1975 for the growing company, and is now the biggest automaker in both Germany and Europe.
28 mayThe rise of Neville Chamberlain culminated when he was summoned to Buckingham Palace to 'kiss hands' and accept the office of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
03 juneNearly six months after Edward, Duke of Windsor, abdicated theBritish throne, he married American socialite Wallis Simpson in aprivate ceremony near Tours, France.
22 juneCamille Chautemps became Prime Minister of France for the thirdtime, in the second Popular Front ministry.
24 juneThe United States' first two 'fast battleships', the NorthCarolina class, were ordered from the New York and Philadelphia NavalShipyards.
02 julyAviation pioneer Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonandisappeared over the Pacific Ocean during an attempt to make acircumnavigational flight.
05 julyThe Hormel Foods Corporation introduced Spam, the cannedprecooked meat product that would eventually enter into pop culture,folklore, and urban legend.
07 julyJapanese forces occupied Beijing. This happened during the battle of Luguo bridge. This battle was part of 2nd Japenese-Chinese war.
08 julyThe Treaty of Saadabd was signed by Iran, Iraq, turkey and Afghanistan. It was a non-aggression pact. It lasted for 5 years. The treaty was registered in League of Nations. The treaty was an initiative to greater the middle eastern-oriental relations.
18 augustFollowing on from the success of Toyota Industries the son of the original founder Sakichi Toyoda of Toyota Industries Kiichiro Toyoda founds the Toyota Motor Company in Japan.
28 augustJapanese warships and aircrafts are starting a war on the women and children in Shanghai, as the also bomb and strafe railway carriages with schoolchildren. The entire world is objecting earnestly, but the Japanese are taking no notice and are being as ruthless as ever.
28 augustToyota Motors, now the world's largest automobile manufacturer,was spun off from Toyota Industries as an independent company.
29 augustToyota Motors, now Japan's largest automobile manufacturer, wasspun off from Toyota Industries as an independent company.
02 septemberA typhoon has hit Hong Kong with devastating results including upwards of 500 fatalities and the city remains inundated. The body count is expected to increase as the floods show signs of ebbing.
03 septemberAustralia is resorting to using more and more camels for patrolling some of the longest fences in the world as part of the conflict against wild dogs in arid areas, as the humped beasts are known for their capacity to travel long expanses of the desert stretch without water.
10 septemberLed by the United Kingdom and France, nine nations met in the Nyon Conference to address international piracy in the Mediterranean Sea.
21 septemberJ. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy children's novel The Hobbit, whichlater served as a predecessor to The Lord of the Rings, was firstpublished.
01 octoberThe Marihuana Tax Act, Pub 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat was passed by the US House of Representatives passed. The bill was essential bill to the criminalization of cannabis. It instructed that pot could not be retailed without a license and licenses were never issued.
02 octoberUnder the orders of President Rafael Trujillo, Dominican troops began mass killings of approximately 20,000 Haitians living in the Dominican Republic.
12 octoberFederal agents execute Al Brady and members of his gang in a shootout at Bangor, Maine on Columbus Day in 1937.
12 decemberJapan apologizes for the sinking of the U.S. Gunboat Panay in Chinese waters which was caused by a Japanese aircraft during Japan’s war of invasion against China.

Famous birthdays in the year 1937:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 SeptemberPeter Ueberroth / Business Man / United States of America
04 DecemberMax Baer / Actor / United States of America
04 JulyEric Walters / Journalist / Australia
04 AugustDavid Bedford / Composer / United Kingdom
04 OctoberDavid Crocker / Philosopher / United States of America
05 AprilJoseph Lelyveld / Author / United States of America
07 February Peter Jay / Journalist / United Kingdom
08 AugustSheila Varian / Horse Breeder / United States of America
09 February Clete Boyer / Baseball Player / United States of America
09 MayDave Prater / Singer / United States of America
11 SeptemberRobert Crippen / Pilot / United States of America
12 JuneAntal Festetics / Zoologist / Hungary
13 DecemberUlf G. Lindén / Business Man / Sweden
15 March Valentin Rasputin / Author / Russia
18 March Rudi Altig / Cyclist / Germany
20 March Lois Lowry / Author / United States of America
24 AugustMoshood Abiola / Politician / Nigeria
28 AprilJohn White / Footballer / Scotland
28 January Karel Čáslavský / Historian / Czech Republic
30 NovemberFrank Ifield / Singer / United Kingdom

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1937:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 JulySudha Shivpuri / Actress / India
22 JulyVasant Ranjane / Cricketer / India
21 OctoberFarooq Abdullah / Politician / India
19 DecemberGopal Ballav Pattanaik / Lawyer / India
26 MayManorama / Actress / India
06 SeptemberM. O. H. Farook / Politician / India
02 DecemberManohar Joshi / Politician / India
17 SeptemberSitakant Mahapatra / Poet / India
08 AprilR. Gundu Rao / Politician / India
15 JuneAnna Hazare / Social Worker / India
14 January Rao Gopal Rao / Actor / India
15 JulyPrabhash Joshi / Journalist / India
02 DecemberManohar Joshi / Politician / India
28 DecemberRatan Tata / Business Man / India
23 OctoberDeven Verma / Actor / India
24 JulyManoj Kumar / Actor / India
05 MayHoshiyar Singh / Soldier / India
NA NASulabha Deshpande / Actress / India
03 DecemberBinod Bihari Verma / Author / India
10 JanuaryMurli Deora / Politician / India

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