1983 in History – What happened in year 1983

✅ Published on April 10th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1983 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1983.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1983 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
01 januaryThe ARPANET changed its core networking protocols from NCP to TCP/IP, marking the beginning of the Internet as we know it today.
18 januaryThirty years after his death, the International OlympicCommittee restored gold medals to American athlete Jim Thorpe, who hadhad them stripped for playing semi-professional baseball before the 1912Summer Olympics.
19 januaryThe Nazi SS officer Klaus Barbie was arrested in Bolivia, 32 years after the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps helped him flee to Argentina.
16 februaryThe Ash Wednesday bushfires burned 513, 979 acres (2, 080 km2) in South Australia and 518, 921 acres (2, 100 km2) in Victoria, killing 75 people and injuring 2, 676 others.
22 februaryThe play Moose Murders opened and closed on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre in New York City, becoming the standard of 'awfulness' against which all Broadway theatre failures are judged.
08 marchThe Cold War: During a speech to the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Ronald Reagan described the Soviet Union as an 'evil empire'.
20 marchA team of researchers led by French virologist Luc Montagnier Published their discovery of HIV, although they did not know yet if it causes AIDS.
23 marchThe initial proposal to develop the Strategic DefenseInitiative, a ground-based and space-based system to protect the UnitedStates from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles, wasreleased.
17 aprilSLV rocket was launched by India. This began the space age in India.
19 aprilNuclear Tests were performed by France.
22 april1st Test between Sri Lanka and Australia was started in Kandy.
22 aprilThe West German news magazine Stern published excerpts from what purported to be the diaries of Adolf Hitler, which were subsequently revealed to be forgeries.
17 mayMay 17 agreement was signed by the United States, Israel and Lebanon in 1983 to create peace between Lebanon and Israel. This agreement turned as a failure because it faced strong opposition from Lebanese Muslims and it was assumed as an imposed surrender.
20 mayFrench virologist Luc Montagnier published his findings of the HIV virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science on May 20, 1983. Montagnier' team first isolated the HIV virus but an American team led by Robert Gallo is credited with discovering the virus, though this point remained a subject of disputes for many years that who discovered the virus first.
27 mayA massive explosion at an illegal fireworks factory nearBenton, Tennessee, US, killed eleven people and caused damage within aradius of several miles.
02 juneAfter an emergency landing because of an in-flight fire,twenty-three passengers aboard Air Canada Flight 797 were killed when aflashover occurred as the plane's doors opened.
13 junePioneer 10 became the first man-made object to leave the central Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the farthest planet from the Sun at the time). Pioneer 10 was an American space probe, weighing 258 kilograms that completed the first mission to the planet Jupiter. This exploration project was conducted by the NASA Ames Research Center in California
18 juneSpace Shuttle program: STS-7, Astronaut Sally Ride became the first American woman in space. Sally Kristen Ride was an American physicist and astronaut. Born in Los Angeles, she joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman in space in 1983. She remains the youngest American astronaut to have travelled to space, having done so at the age of 32.
18 juneAboard Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Sally Ride becamethe first American woman in space.
18 juneIranian teenager Mona Mahmudnizhad and nine other women were hanged because of their membership in the Bahá'í Faith.
07 julyAfter writing a letter to Soviet premier Yuri Andropov,American schoolgirl Samantha Smith visited the Soviet Union asAndropov's personal guest, becoming known as 'America's YoungestAmbassador'.
15 julyArmenian extremist organization ASALA bombed the TurkishAirlines check-in counter at Orly Airport as part of its campaign forthe recognition of and reparations for the Armenian Genocide.
23 julyThe Sri Lankan Civil War began after members of the LiberationTigers of Tamil Eelam ambushed a convoy of Sri Lanka Army soldiers innorthern Sri Lanka, which was followed by large-scale riots carried outby Sinhalese against Tamils that became known as Black July.
23 julyAir Canada Flight 143 made an emergency landing in Gimli, Manitoba, Canada, without loss of life after the crew was forced to glide the aircraft when it completely ran out of fuel.
04 augustA coup d'état organised by Blaise Compaoré and supported byLibya made Thomas Sankara President of the Republic of Upper Volta (nowBurkina Faso).
05 augustAT&T is spread out into seven regional companies following the government's anti-trust suit against AT&T in 1974, and after nearly a decade of legal squabble, forced the phone behemoth to divest itself of companies that provided local service.
15 augustHurricane Alicia takes place in the Gulf of Mexico, and after three days affects the Texas Gulf Coast leading to 21 deaths, thousands of injuries and billions of dollars in damages.
18 augustHurricane Alicia made landfall near Galveston, Texas, US,causing $2.6 billion in damages and 21 deaths.
01 septemberSoviet jet interceptors shot down the civilian airliner KoreanAir Lines Flight 007 near Sakhalin Islandin the North Pacific, killing all 246 passengers and 23 crew on board.
12 septemberThe clandestine group Boricua Popular Army staged a bankrobbery in West Hartford, Connecticut, US, making off with $7 million inthe largest cash theft in U.S. history at the time.

Famous birthdays in the year 1983:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 SeptemberMarcus McCauley / Footballer / United States of America
05 MayAnnie Villeneuve / Singer / Canada
06 AprilJerome Kaino / Rugby Player / New Zealand
06 February Brodie Croyle / Footballer / United States of America
07 JuneMilan Jurčina / Ice Hockey Player / Slovakia
07 February Sho Kamogawa / Footballer / Japan
11 January Adrian Sutil / Racing Car Driver / Germany
11 AprilRubén Palazuelos / Footballer / Spain
13 JulyMarco Pomante / Footballer / Italy
15 AprilIlya Kovalchuk / Ice Hockey Player / Russia
17 January Rick Kelly / Racing Car Driver / Australia
19 JuneGregor Arbet / Basketball Player / Estonia
19 NovemberAdam Driver / Actor / United States of America
19 NovemberChandra Crawford / Skier / Canada
20 JuneJosh Childress / Basketball Player / United States of America
21 SeptemberAnna Meares / Cyclist / Australia
22 AprilVangelis Mantzios / Footballer / Greece
23 February Mido / Footballer / Egypt
26 NovemberChris Hughes / Business Man / United States of America
29 AprilDavid Lee / Basketball Player / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1983:

YearName / Profession / Country
27 JulySoccor Velho / Footballer / India
13 JanuaryImran Khan / Actor / India
25 NovemberJhulan Goswami / Cricketer / India
16 JulyKatrina Kaif / Actress / India
24 AugustAditi Sharma / Actress / India
04 MayTrisha Krishnan / Actress / India
23 AugustGauhar Khan / Actress / India
23 AugustGauhar Khan / Actress / India
01 MarchM C Mary Kom / Boxer / India
21 MayKaveri Jha / Actress / India
28 JulyDhanush / Actor / India
06 February S. Sreesanth / Cricketer / India
01 March Mary Kom / Boxer / India
08 OctoberAbhishek Nayar / Cricketer / India
01 MarchMary Kom / Player / India
02 AugustYuvika Chaudhary / Actress / India
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