Bhutan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Bhutan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Bhutan and important events related to Bhutan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Bhutan Country Profile

CountryBhutan
CapitalThimphu
CurrencyBhutanese ngultrum
ContinentAsia
FounderShabdrung Ngawang Namgyal 

Bhutan History

At the end of the seventeenth century, Buddhism spread and propagated in Bhutan. In 1865, the Sinchulu Treaty was signed between Britain and Bhutan, under which agreements were signed for some annual grants to Bhutan in lieu of some of the frontier. The monarchy was established there in 1907 under British influence. Three years later there was another agreement, under which the British agreed that they would not interfere in Bhutan's internal affairs, but Bhutan's foreign policy would be decided by England. Later, after 1947, India got the same role. Two years later, in 1949, under the India-Bhutan Agreement, India returned all the land of Bhutan to the British. Under this agreement, India was given a very important role in Bhutan's foreign policy and defense policy.

Bhutan Geography

Bhutan is on the southern slope of the Eastern Himalayas, which lies between the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal and Assam in the west and the Indian states of South and Arunachal Pradesh in the east. The land consists mostly of steep and high mountains, filled with a network of fast-flowing rivers, which form deep valleys before crossing into the Indian plains. The Black Mountains in the central region of Bhutan form a watershed between the two major river systems Mo Chu and Drangme Chu.

Bhutan Economy

Bhutan's economic structure, one of the world's smallest economies, is mainly dependent on agriculture and forest areas and the sale of electricity manufactured in India to India. These three things are believed to make up 75% of Bhutan's government income. More than 90% people depend on agriculture which is the basis of its people. Bhutan's main economic partner is India because the border of Bhutan bordering Tibet is closed. The currency of Bhutan is ultram, which can be easily exchanged with Indian rupee. Industrial production is almost negligible and whatever it is, they fall under the category of cottage industry. Most of the development projects like development of roads etc. are done only with Indian cooperation. Bhutan has unlimited potential in hydroelectricity and tourism.

Bhutan Language

The national language is Dzongkha (Bhutanese), one of the 53 languages ​​of the Tibetan language family. The script, locally called Chokki (literally, "religion language"), is similar to classical Tibetan. In Bhutan's education system, English is the medium of instruction, while Dzongkha is taught as the national language. The Ethnologue lists 24 languages, currently spoken in Bhutan, all of which are in the Tebto-Burman family, except Nepali, an Indo-Aryan language.

Bhutan Important Facts

  • Bhutan's monarchy is a country in South Asia located on the Himalayas. It is a landlock country located between India and China.
  • Bhutan has both monarchy and democratic system at the same time. The first election was held here in 2008.
  • The official religion in Bhutan is the Mahayana branch of Buddhism, which is followed by about three quarters of the country's population.
  • The current king of Bhutan is named Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, who has been holding the post of king there since 2006.
  • Bhutan is also known as The Land of Thunder Dragons and Drake You.
  • The total area of ​​Bhutan is 47,000 square kilometers. (18,147 sq mi).
  • The official language of Bhutan is Jokha.
  • The currency of Bhutan is named त्रlutrum Indian Rupee.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Bhutan in 2016 was 7.98 lakhs.
  • The religion of most people in Bhutan is Buddhism.
  • The most important ethnic group in Bhutan is the Nagalops and Saharchops.
  • The highest mountain in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum, which has a height of 7,570 meters.
  • The longest river in Bhutan is the Manas, whose length is 376 km.
  • The two national sports in Bhutan are archery and darts.
  • The national animal of Bhutan is Takin.

Bhutan Important History Events

  • 17 December 1907 - Ugyen Wangchuk became the first hereditary king of Bhutan.
  • 03 December 1915 - An earthquake measuring 6.5 in Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh claimed 170 lives and destroyed many houses.
  • 01 January 1955 - Bhutan issued the first postage stamp.
  • 02 june 1999 - Bhutan ended its status as the only country in the world toprohibit television when the state-run Bhutan Broadcasting Service cameon the air.
  • 02 June 1999 - Bhutan Broadcasting Service brought television transmission to the country for the first time.
  • 17 December 2005 - King Jig Sigme Wanchuk of Bhutan was removed from power.
  • 08 February 2007 - The King of Bhutan came on his first Indian visit.
  • 24 march 2008 - Bhutan holds it first general election.
  • 24 march 2008 - The Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party, led by Jigme Thinley,won 45 out of 47 seats in the National Assembly of Bhutan in thecountry's first-ever general election.
  • 15 june 2010 - Bhutan became the first country to institute a total ban ontobacco.

Populated Cities of Bhutan

Thimphu, Punakha, Wangdue Prodrang, Paro, Mongar, Jakar, Sarpang, Tsirang, Samtse, Daga, Zhemgang, Trongsa, Haa, Trashi Yangtse, Lhuentse, Trashigang, Gasa, Samdrup Jongkhar, Pemagatshel, Tsimasham,

2 Neighbour countries of Bhutan

China [L] , India [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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