Niger History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Niger has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Niger and important events related to Niger history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Niger Country Profile

CurrencyWest African CFA franc
GroupAfrican Union
FormationAugust 3, 1960

Niger History

The name of the country comes from the Niger River which flows to the west of the country; The origin of the name of the river is uncertain, although a popular theory is that it comes from Tuareg en 'Girren, which means 'flowing water'. In the 19th century Europeans became more interested in Africa. Many European explorers traveled to the area of ​​modern Niger, including Mungo Park (in 1805–06), Odney-Denham-Clapperton Expedition (1822–25), Heinrich Berth (1850–55), James Richardson, and Adolf Overweg) ; Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs (1865–67), Gustav Nachtigal (1869–74) and Parfitt-Louis Montil (1890–92). During World War II, at which time mainland France was annexed by Nazi Germany, Charles de Gaulle issued the Brezzaville Declaration, declaring that the French colonial empire would be replaced after the war with a less centralized French Union .

Niger Geography

Niger is a land-based country in West Africa that lies along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. The climate of Niger is mainly very hot and very dry, with much desert area. The extreme south has a tropical climate bordering the Niger River basin. The area is mainly desert plains and sand dunes, with savanna in the north and hills in the north.

Niger Economy

Niger is a developing country, consistently at the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI); It was 187th out of 188 countries for 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in 2018 and 2019 reports. About half of the government's budget comes from foreign donor resources. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal and other mineral resources. Uranium prices have come down somewhat over the years. Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), with seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. Niger is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Trade Law (OHADA) in Africa.

Niger Language

French is the official language inherited from colonial times. It is mainly spoken as a second language by those who have received a formal Western education and serve as an administrative language. Niger has been a member of the Internationale de la Francophonie since 1970.

Niger Important Facts

  • Niger is officially called the Republic of Niger. It is a landlocked country in the west of Africa, it is named after the Niger River.
  • Niger is bordered by Chad to the east, Libya to the northeast, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.
  • The capital of Niger was Zinder since 1926 and in 1926 Niamey was officially declared the capital.
  • More than 80% of Niger's land is located in the Sahara Desert region.
  • Niger was officially colonized by France in 1922 and made independent on 3 August 1960.
  • The total area of ​​Niger is 825,418 sq km. (318,696 square miles).
  • The official language of Niger is French.
  • The currency of Niger is named West African CFA Franc.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Niger in 2016 was 2.07 crore.
  • The religion of most people in Niger is Islam which belongs to Sunni community.
  • The climate of Niger is mainly subtropical which is very hot and very dry, with many desert areas.
  • Niger has great diversity among ethnic groups but Hausa and Zarma-Sonrai are the main ethnic groups.
  • The highest mountain in Niger is Mont Idoukal-en-Taghès (Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès), which has an altitude of 2,022 meters.
  • The national animal of Niger is dama gazelle.

Niger Important History Events

  • 21 June 1796 - British explorer Mungo Park became the first European to reach the Niger River.
  • 09 may 1960 - Nigeria became the member of the Commonwealth on May 9, 1960. In 1995, Nigeria was suspended from the membership for two year but its suspension was lifted on May 29, 1999 with the swearing in of the democratically elected civilian president.
  • 03 august 1960 - Niger officially gained independence from France as part of thedecolonization of the French Community.
  • 01 October 1960 - Nigeria became independent from Britain and today is celebrated as National Day.
  • 01 June 1961 - The northern part of the British Cameroon Trust Territory was incorporated into the Union of Nigeria according to a referendum.
  • 30 may 1967 - Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu announced the establishment of Biafra, a secessionist state in southeastern Nigeria, an event thatsparked the Nigerian Civil War one week later.
  • 12 January 1970 - Biafra ended the Nigerian Civil War.
  • 13 February 1976 - Nigeria's General Murtala Mohammed was assassinated in a military coup.
  • 09 February 1979 - The constitution was changed in the African country of Nigeria.
  • 31 december 1983 - Major-General Muhammadu Buhari was selected to lead Nigeria After a successful military coup d'etat that overthrew civilian President Shehu Shagari.

Populated Cities of Niger

Kontagora, Iseyin, Yola, Ogbomosho, Biu, Lagos, Orlu, Wukari, Niamey, Aba, Maiduguri, Zaria, Potiskum, Keffi, Warri, Jos, Numan, Ilorin, Idah, Oyo, Onitsha, Sokoto, Enugu, Oturkpo, Birni Nkonni, Lokoja, Abeokuta, Uyo, Awka, Dosso, Ife, Calabar, Ado Ekiti, Katsina, Akure, Oshogbo, Kumo, Opobo, Gaya, Bauchi, Kano, Diffa, Sapele, Makurdi, Minna, Owo, Gombe, Umuahia, Ayorou, Ibadan, Koko, Ondo, Damaturu, Iwo, Madaoua, Maradi, Zinder, Gusau, Mubi, Owerri, Ijebu Ode, Tillaberi, Funtua, Nguigmi, Bida, Dutse, Abuja, Goure, Kaduna, Lafia, Gashua, Benin City, Bama, Agadez, Jalingo, Tahoua, Nsukka, Nguru, Ikare, Birnin Kebbi, Azare, Port Harcourt, Arlit, Djado, Abakaliki, Ikeja, Yenagoa, Asaba,

7 Neighbour countries of Niger

Algeria [L] , Benin [L] , Burkina Faso [L] , Chad [L] , Libya [L] , Mali [L] , Nigeria [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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