Niger History, Geography, Economy and Important Events
Niger has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many such things in this country that separate this country from other countries such as language, living style, dress, culture, religion, business. Let us know about some such unique facts related to the country of Niger and important events related to history, knowing which your knowledge will increase.
The name of the country comes from the Niger River which flows to the west of the country; The origin of the name of the river is uncertain, although a popular theory is that it comes from Tuareg en 'Girren, which means 'flowing water'. In the 19th century Europeans became more interested in Africa. Many European explorers traveled to the area of modern Niger, including Mungo Park (in 1805–06), Odney-Denham-Clapperton Expedition (1822–25), Heinrich Berth (1850–55), James Richardson, and Adolf Overweg) ; Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs (1865–67), Gustav Nachtigal (1869–74) and Parfitt-Louis Montil (1890–92). During World War II, at which time mainland France was annexed by Nazi Germany, Charles de Gaulle issued the Brezzaville Declaration, declaring that the French colonial empire would be replaced after the war with a less centralized French Union .
Niger is a land-based country in West Africa that lies along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. The climate of Niger is mainly very hot and very dry, with much desert area. The extreme south has a tropical climate bordering the Niger River basin. The area is mainly desert plains and sand dunes, with savanna in the north and hills in the north.
Niger is a developing country, consistently at the bottom of the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI); It was 187th out of 188 countries for 2015 and 189th out of 189 countries in 2018 and 2019 reports. About half of the government's budget comes from foreign donor resources. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal and other mineral resources. Uranium prices have come down somewhat over the years. Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), with seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. Niger is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Trade Law (OHADA) in Africa.
French is the official language inherited from colonial times. It is mainly spoken as a second language by those who have received a formal Western education and serve as an administrative language. Niger has been a member of the Internationale de la Francophonie since 1970.
Niger is officially called the Republic of Niger. It is a landlocked country in the west of Africa, it is named after the Niger River.
Niger is bordered by Chad to the east, Libya to the northeast, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.
The capital of Niger was Zinder since 1926 and in 1926 Niamey was officially declared the capital.
More than 80% of Niger's land is located in the Sahara Desert region.
Niger was officially colonized by France in 1922 and made independent on 3 August 1960.
The total area of Niger is 825,418 sq km. (318,696 square miles).
The official language of Niger is French.
The currency of Niger is named West African CFA Franc.
According to the World Bank, the total population of Niger in 2016 was 2.07 crore.
The religion of most people in Niger is Islam which belongs to Sunni community.
The climate of Niger is mainly subtropical which is very hot and very dry, with many desert areas.
Niger has great diversity among ethnic groups but Hausa and Zarma-Sonrai are the main ethnic groups.
The highest mountain in Niger is Mont Idoukal-en-Taghès (Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès), which has an altitude of 2,022 meters.
The national animal of Niger is dama gazelle.
21 June 1796 - British explorer Mungo Park became the first European to reach the Niger River.
09 May 1960 - Nigeria became a member of the Commonwealth on 9 May 1960. In 1995, Nigeria was suspended for two years from membership, but its suspension was removed on 29 May 1999 with a democratic -elected civilian president's swearing -in.
03 August 1960 - Niger officially gained independence from France as part of the thedecolonization of the French community.
01 October 1960 - Nigeria became independent from Britain and today is celebrated as National Day.
01 June 1961 - The northern part of the British Cameroon Trust Territory was incorporated into the Union of Nigeria according to a referendum.
30 May 1967 - Chukumayka Odumgwu Ozuku announced the establishment of a separatist state of Biyafra in Southeast Nigeria, a week later the Nigerian civil war began.