Taiwan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Taiwan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Taiwan and important events related to Taiwan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Taiwan Country Profile

CountryTaiwan
CapitalTaipei
CurrencyTaiwan dollar
ContinentAsia

Taiwan History

Taiwanese indigenous people inhabited the island of Taiwan about 6,000 years ago. In the 17th century, a partial Dutch colony opened the island to large-scale Han immigration. The island was removed by the Qing Dynasty of China in 1683, following the brief rule of southwestern Taiwan by the state of Tunging, and ceded to the Empire of Japan in 1895. After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Taiwan was controlled by the Allied countries of World War II. The re-start of the Chinese Civil War caused the ROC to suffer losses to the Chinese Communist Party of mainland China and Taiwan to retreat in 1949. Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China, its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and several small islands since 1950.

Taiwan Geography

Taiwan is an island country in East Asia. The main island, historically known as Formosa, makes up 99% of the area controlled by the ROC, measuring 35,808 square kilometers (13,826 square miles) and 180 kilometers across the Taiwan Strait off mainland China's southeast coast. (112 mi). The East China Sea lies to its north, the Philippine Sea to its east, the Luzon Strait directly to its south, and the South China Sea to its southwest. Smaller islands include a number in the Taiwan Strait that includes the Pangu Islands, the Kinmen and Matsu Islands near the Chinese coast and the South China Sea Islands. The average temperature in Taiwan in the last 100 years has risen by 1.4 degrees Celsius, double the worldwide temperature rise. The Taiwan government aims to cut carbon emissions by 20% in 2030 compared to 2005 levels, and 50% in 2050 compared to 2005 levels. Between 2005 and 2016, carbon emissions increased by 0.92%.

Taiwan Economy

Taiwan's accelerated industrialization and rapid development during the second half of the 20th century has been called the "Taiwan Miracle". Taiwan is one of the "Four Asian Tigers" along with Hong Kong, South Korea and Singapore. In 1974, Chiang Ching-kuo implemented Ten Major Construction Projects, the founding foundation that helped transform Taiwan into its current export-driven economy. Since the 1990s, many Taiwan-based technology companies have expanded their reach worldwide.

Taiwan Language

Mandarin is the primary language used in business and education, and is spoken by the majority of the population. Traditional Chinese is used as a writing system. 70% of the population is of the Hokolo ethnic group and speaks Hokkin natively in addition to Mandarin. The Hakka group, comprising about 14–18% of the population, speaks the Hakka language. Although Mandarin is the language of instruction in schools and is also used on television and radio.

Taiwan Important Facts

  • Taiwan is officially called the Republic of China because it is still under the control of China, it is an island nation in the east of Asia.
  • Taiwan is located to the north-east of Japan, the Philippines to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the west.
  • Taiwan broke away from China after the Chinese Civil War in 1949 and declared itself an independent nation, but China did not approve of it and still calls it its own dissident state.
  • The total area of ​​Taiwan is 36,197 sq km. (13,976 sq mi).
  • The official language standard of Taiwan is Chinese.
  • The Taiwanese currency is named New Taiwan Dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Taiwan in 2016 was 2.36 crore.
  • The religion of most people in Taiwan is Buddhism and Taoism.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Taiwan are the Han, Hoklo, Hakka and Vaisheng etc.
  • The highest mountain in Taiwan is Yushan, which has a height of 3,952 meters.
  • The longest river in Taiwan is the Zhuoshui River, with a length of 186 km.
  • Taiwan's largest lake is Sun Moon Lake, which is 7.93 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • The national animal of Taiwan is bears.
  • The national bird of Taiwan is blue magpie.
  • Taiwan's national dish is Baseball.

Taiwan Important History Events

  • 22 october 1633 - Ming Chinese naval forces defeated a Dutch East India Company fleet in the Taiwan Strait, the largest naval encounter between Chinese and European forces before the First Opium War two hundred years later.
  • 22 november 1635 - Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launched a three-monthpacification campaign against Taiwanese aborigines.
  • 07 september 1652 - Chinese peasants on Formosa (Taiwan) began a rebellion againstDutch rule before being suppressed four days later.
  • 25 may 1895 - The Republic of Formosa was inaugurated in Taiwan, proclaimingindependence from Qing China.
  • 17 March 1906 - About 1200 people died in the Taiwan earthquake.
  • 02 May 1924 - The Netherlands refused to recognize the Soviet Union. Only Taiwan (Nationalist China) was recognized.
  • 25 october 1945 - China succeeds the Taiwanese administration following Japan succumbing to the Allies.
  • 18 August 1945 - He died due to a plane crash of Subhash Chandra Bose at Taihoku Airport, Taiwan.
  • 07 december 1949 - Chinese Civil War-The government of the Republic of Chinarelocated from Mainland China to Taipei on the island of Taiwan.
  • 24 May 1957 - Anti-American riots broke out in Taipei city of Taiwan.

Populated Cities of Taiwan

Hsinchu, Changhua, Taipei, Magong, Pingtung, Chiayi, Keelung, Taoyuan, Puzi, Hualien, Taibao, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Pingzhen, Zhubei, Tainan, Taitung, Yangmei, Bade, Nantou, Zhongli, Yilan, Miaoli, Douliou, Banqiao, Jincheng, Nangan,

7 Neighbour countries of Taiwan

Brunei [M] , China [M] , Indonesia [M] , Japan [M] , Malaysia [M] , Philippines [M] , Vietnam [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

List of famous people of Taiwan

Birth YearDeath YearName / Gender / Category / Country
1956Tsai Ing Wen / Female / Politician / Taiwan
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