Kuwait History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Kuwait has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Kuwait and important events related to Kuwait history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Kuwait Country Profile

CountryKuwait
CapitalKuwait City
CurrencyKuwaiti Dinar
ContinentAsia

Kuwait History

In 1613, the city of Kuwait was established into the modern Kuwait city. Administratively, it was a sheikhomandal ruled by local sheikhs. In 1716, the Bani Uttab settled in Kuwait. In the eighteenth century, Kuwait prospered and rapidly became a major commercial center of goods transit between India, Muscat, Baghdad and the Arabian Peninsula. In the 1890s, Kuwait was threatened by the Ottoman Empire. To address his security issues, the ruler Sheikh Mubarak Al Sabah signed an agreement with the British government in India, later known as the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899, and became a British defender. With the end of the World War, and the increasing need for oil around the world, Kuwait experienced a period of prosperity inspired by oil and its liberal environment. The period 1946–1982 is often referred to by Western academics as "the golden period of Kuwait". In popular discourse, the years between 1946 and 1982 are called the "Golden Era".

Kuwait Geography

Located in the north-eastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, Kuwait is one of the smallest countries in the world in terms of land area. The flat, sandy Arabic desert covers most of Kuwait. Kuwait is generally low-level, with its highest point being 306 meters above sea level. Kuwait has nine islands, all of which, with the exception of Felka Island, are uninhabited. With an area of ​​860 km2, Bubian is the largest island in Kuwait and is connected to the rest of the country by a 2,380 meter long bridge. 0.6% of Kuwaiti land is considered cultivable with sparse vegetation found along the 499 km long coastline. Kuwait City is located on Kuwait Bay, a natural deepwater port.

Kuwait Economy

Kuwait has a petroleum-based economy, with petroleum being the main export product. The Kuwaiti dinar is the highest valued unit of currency in the world. According to the World Bank, Kuwait is the seventh richest country in the world per capita. Kuwait is the second richest country per capita (after Qatar) GCC. Petroleum accounts for half of GDP and 90% of government income. Non-petroleum industries include financial services. In the last five years, there has been a significant increase in entrepreneurship and small business start-ups in Kuwait. The informal sector is also growing, mainly because of the popularity of Instagram businesses. Despite its relatively small area, Kuwait has proven reserves of 104 billion barrels of crude oil, which is estimated to account for 10% of the world's reserves. According to the constitution, all natural resources in the country are state property. Kuwait currently pumps 2.9 million bpd and its full production capacity is slightly over 3 million bpd.

Kuwait Language

Kuwaiti Arabic is a form of Arabic used in everyday life. English is widely understood and often used as a commercial language. In addition to English, French is taught as a third language for humanities students in schools, but only for two years.

Kuwait Important Facts

  • Kuwait is officially called the State of Kuwait. It is a sovereign country located in the west of Asia.
  • Kuwait borders Iraq to the north and west and Saudi Arabia to the north.
  • Kuwait has a parliamentary system as well as a system of constitutional monarchy.
  • Kuwait gained independence from the United Arab Emirates in 1752.
  • The total area of ​​Kuwait is 17,818 sq km. (6,880 square miles).
  • The official language of Kuwait is Arabic.
  • Kuwait's currency is named Kuwaiti Dinar.
  • According to the World Bank, Kuwait had a total population of 40.5 lakhs in 2016.
  • In Kuwait, the religion of the majority of the people is Islam, which mostly belongs to the Sunni community.
  • The important ethnic groups in Kuwait are Kuwaiti, Arabic, Egypt and Indian.
  • The highest mountain in Kuwait is Khashm Ghuḑayy, which has a height of 110 meters.
  • Kuwait was invaded and occupied by Iraq in 1990, which was liberated by the United States on the orders of the United Nations (UNO).
  • In 2006, camel racing was introduced in Kuwait, which is now played in most Arab countries.
  • Kuwait follows the system of constitutional monarchy with the parliamentary system of government.

Kuwait Important History Events

  • 19 june 1961 - Kuwait declared independence from the United Kingdom. It was a British Protectorate between 1899 and 1961. After the independence, Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah became the king.
  • 19 june 1961 - Kuwait declared independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 19 June 1961 - Kuwait declared independence from England.
  • 30 November 1961 - The then Soviet Union opposed Kuwait's application for UN membership.
  • 14 May 1963 - Kuwait became the 111th member of the United Nations.
  • 04 December 1984 - Hezbollah militants hijacked a Kuwait airline plane and killed four passengers.
  • 04 December 1984 - Hezbollah bombers hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane and kill 4 passengers.
  • 19 october 1987 - Iran–Iraq War-United States Navy forces destroyed twoIranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in response to an Iranianmissile attack on a Kuwaiti oil tanker.
  • 02 august 1990 - 100,000 Iraqi soldiers invaded Kuwait because of an oil feud. Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictator threatens to turn Kuwait city into a 'graveyard' if another country tries to protest against the 'take-over by force'.
  • 02 august 1990 - Iraq invaded Kuwait, overrunning the Kuwaiti military withintwo days, and eventually sparking the outbreak of the Gulf War sevenmonths later.

Populated Cities of Kuwait

Al Ahmadi, Kuwait, Al Jahra,

3 Neighbour countries of Kuwait

Iran [M] , Iraq [LM] , Saudi Arabia [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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