Iraq History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Iraq has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Iraq and important events related to Iraq history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Iraq Country Profile

CountryIraq
CapitalBaghdad
CurrencyIraqi Dinar
ContinentAsia

Iraq History

The fall of Assyria has been dominated by foreign powers throughout Iraq's history. After being in Persian rule from the sixth century BCE onwards (until the seventh century) it was dominated by the Arabs. During the Arab rule, the religion of Islam came here and Baghdad was the capital of Abbasi Khilafat. The Mongol invasion in the thirteenth century led to the fall of Baghdad, and years after the chaos that followed, the Turks (the Osmanian Empire) came to be dominated here. Britain declared Iraq independent in 1932 but British intervention in Iraqi affairs continued. Due to a military coup in 1958, a democratic government was formed here, but in 1968 the Socialist Arab Movement put an end to it. The Baath Party was the main leader of this movement. The principle of this party was to put the country on the world map and make it a modern Arabic Islamic nation.

Iraq Geography

Iraq is the 58th largest country in the world. It is comparable in size to the US state of California, and somewhat larger than Paraguay. Iraq consists mainly of deserts, but the two major rivers (Euphrates and Tigris) have fertile alluvial plains. Most of Iraq has a warm arid climate with subtropical effects. The average summer temperatures in most parts of the country are higher than 40 ° C (104 ° F) and often higher than 48 ° C (118.4 ° F).

Iraq Economy

Iraq's economy is dominated by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings. Lack of development in other sectors results in 18% -30% unemployed and per capita GDP of $ 4,000. About 60% of public sector employment in 2011 was full-time employment. The oil export industry, which dominated the Iraqi economy, generated very little employment. Currently only a modest percentage of women (highest estimate for 2011 was 22%) participate in the labor force.

Iraq Language

The main languages spoken in Iraq are Mesopotamian Arabic and Kurdish, followed by Turkish Iraqi Turkmen/Turkmen dialects and Neo-Aramaic languages (especially Chaldean and Assyrian). Arabic and Kurdish are written with Arabic script versions. Since 2005, Turkmen/Turkmen have switched from the Arabic script to the Turkish alphabet. In addition, Neo-Aramaic languages use the Syriac script.

Iraq Important Facts

  • Iraq is officially called the Republic of Iraq which is located in the southwest of Asia.
  • Iraq is bordered by Jordan and Syria in the west, Turkey and Azerbaijan in the north, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south and the Persian Gulf in the southwest, and Iran in the east.
  • Iraq gained independence from the United Kingdom on 3 October 1932.
  • The total area of ​​Iraq is 438,317 sq km. (169,234 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.
  • The name of Iraq's currency is Iraqi Dinar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Iraq in 2016 was 3.72 crore.
  • In Iraq, the religion of most people is Islam, in which most of them belong to Shia community and Islam is also considered to be there.
  • The important ethnic group in Iraq is Kurdish and Arabic.
  • The highest mountain in Iraq is the Cheekha Dar, which has a height of 3,611 meters.
  • The longest river in Iraq is Tigris River, which has a length of 1,850 km.
  • The largest lake in Iraq is Lake Tharthar, which is 2,710 square kilometers. Spreads over.
  • Iraq has a subtropical climate due to which the effect is simultaneously hot and dry.
  • On March 20, 2003, the US attacked Iraq and the reason stated that Iraq is making weapons of mass destruction, there was no evidence found there.
  • In 1979 in Iraq, General Saddam Hussein became dictator who was hanged on December 30, 2006 for crimes against humanity.

Iraq Important History Events

  • 12 december 627 - A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeated EmperorKhosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh, nearpresent-day Mosul, Iraq.
  • 21 january 763 - The Abbasid Caliphate crushed the Valid Revolt when one of the rebellion leaders was mortally wounded in battle near Basra in what is now Iraq.
  • 23 august 1514 - Ottoman forces defeated the Safavids at the Battle ofChaldiran, gaining control of eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq.
  • 18 May 1703 - The serial bombings in Iraq killed 90 people, injured 200.
  • 16 may 1916 - The United Kingdom and France signed the Sykes–Picot Agreement, a secret agreement considered to have shaped the Middle East, defining the borders of Iraq and Syria.
  • 03 january 1919 - Emir Faisal of Iraq signed an agreement with Zionism leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East.
  • 29 January 1921 - Malik Faisal I was chosen as the King of Iraq on the basis of the role created by Britain.
  • 18 November 1929 - Nazi al-Suwedi becomes Prime Minister of Iraq
  • 22 april 1931 - Peace Treaty was signed between Egypt and Iraq.
  • 03 october 1932 - Iraq, became a sovereign State attaining complete independence from Great Britain.

Populated Cities of Iraq

Dahuk, Irbil, Basra, Al Musayyib, As Sulaymaniyah, An Najaf, Kirkuk, Al Hillah, Tikrit, Karbala, Baghdad, An Nasiriyah, Ad Diwaniyah, Al Amarah, Al Kut, Baqubah, Mandali, Ar Ramadi, Az Aubayr, Al Fallujah, Ar Rutbah, As Samawah, Ash Shatrah, Samarra, Tall Afar, Zakho, Mosul,

6 Neighbour countries of Iraq

Iran [LM] , Jordan [L] , Kuwait [LM] , Saudi Arabia [L] , Syria [L] , Turkey [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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