Kyrgyzstan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Kyrgyzstan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Kyrgyzstan and important events related to Kyrgyzstan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Kyrgyzstan Country Profile

CountryKyrgyzstan
CapitalBishkek
CurrencyKyrgyzstani som
ContinentAsia

Kyrgyzstan History

The history of Kyrgyzstan extends to various cultures and empires. Kyrgyzstan has been subject to foreign domination from time to time, due to a succession of independent tribes and clans for a long time. Between the period of self-government, before being conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century, it was ruled by the Gurakshakas, the Uyghur Empire and the people of Khaitan, but it was invaded by the Kalmyks, Manchus, and Uzbeks. In 1876, it became part of the Russian Empire, with the Kyrgyz remaining as a Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution in the USSR. Following the democratic reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev in the USSR, the pro-independence candidate, Assar Akayev, was elected president in 1990. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, and a democratic government was established. Kyrgyzstan gained sovereignty as a nation state after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Kyrgyzstan Geography

Kyrgyzstan is a country bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. It is much farther from the sea than any other individual country, and all its rivers flow into closed drainage systems that do not reach the sea. The mountainous region of Tian Shan covers 80% of the country (Kyrgyzstan is also known as the "Switzerland of Central Asia") Kyrgyzstan has significant reserves of metals including gold and rare-earth metals. Due to the predominantly hilly terrain of the country, less than 8% of the land is cultivated.

Kyrgyzstan Economy

Kyrgyzstan was the ninth poorest country in the former Soviet Union, and is today the second poorest in Central Asia after Tajikistan. 22.4% of the country's population lives below the poverty line. With respect to telecommunications infrastructure, the Kyrgyz Republic ranks last in Central Asia in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index (NRI) - a signal to determine the country's level of development of information and communication technologies. Kyrgyz Republic was ranked 118 in the 2014 NRI rankings. Kyrgyzstan has been ranked among the 78th countries for economic independence by the Heritage Institute.

Kyrgyzstan Language

Kyrgyzstan is one of the two former Soviet republics of Central Asia that has Russian as the official language, Kazakhstan the other. In 1991, the Kyrgyz language was adopted as the official language.

Kyrgyzstan Important Facts

  • Kyrgyzstan is officially called the Kyrgyz Republic, a landlocked country in the middle of Asia.
  • Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Uzbekistan to the west, China to the east, Tajikistan to the southwest, and Kazakhstan to the north.
  • Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union on 31 August 1991.
  • The total area of ​​Kyrgyzstan is 199,951 sq km. (77,202 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of Kyrgyzstan are Kyrgyz and Russian.
  • The name of the currency of Kyrgyzstan is Mon.
  • According to the World Bank, Kyrgyzstan had a total population of 60.8 million in 2016.
  • In Kyrgyzstan, the religion of the majority of people is Islam, which belongs mostly to Sunni community.
  • The important ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan are Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian and Chinese.
  • The highest mountain in Kyrgyzstan is Jengish Chokusu, which has a height of 7,439 meters.
  • The largest lake in Kyrgyzstan is Issyk-Kul which is spread over an area of ​​6,236 sq km.
  • The largest river of Kyrgyzstan is the Ala-Archa River, which is 78 km in length.
  • The national drink of Kyrgyzstan is Kumis, which is made from horse milk.
  • The national animal of Kyrgyzstan is snow leopard.

Kyrgyzstan Important History Events

  • 23 february 1944 - In response to an insurgency in Chechnya, the Soviet Union began the forced deportation of native Chechens and Ingush population of North Caucasus to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
  • 14 august 2007 - The Shanghai Cooperation of Central Asian countries, includes the People's Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan andUzbekistan, meets in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek to talk about security issues.
  • 01 august 2009 - At a collective Security Treaty organization summit, Russia signed a deal that will allow it to open another military service foundation within Kyrgyzstan.
  • 07 april 2010 - Kyrgyzstani riots continued as president Kurmanbek Baking flee from the country. The government stepped down. Protestors took the parliament building.

Populated Cities of Kyrgyzstan

Bishkek, Kara Balta, Karakol, Naryn, Balykchy, Osh, Talas, Toktogul, Jalal Abad, Tash Komur, Cholpon Ata, At Bashy, Kok Yangak, Tokmak, Batken,

4 Neighbour countries of Kyrgyzstan

China [L] , Kazakhstan [L] , Tajikistan [L] , Uzbekistan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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