Uzbekistan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Uzbekistan and important events related to Uzbekistan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Uzbekistan Country Profile
Human habitation has been here since 2000 years before Christ. It is believed that today's Uzbeks displaced the Aryans already settled there. In 327 BC, when Alexander went on to conquer the world, he faced a lot of resistance here. Later, the Arabs captured Khorasan and Islam was propagated in the area. At the end of the fourteenth century it became an important region when the Timur Lung emerged here. Timur found amazing success in Central and Western Asia. Timur also defeated the Usman (Ottoman) emperor. In the nineteenth century it became a part of the growing Russian Empire and a member of the Soviet Union in 1924. In 1991, it gained independence from the Soviet Union.
There is a country located in the central part of Asia which is surrounded by land from all sides. Not only this, the country of its land has no access to the sea itself. It is located on the north by Kazakhstan, on the east by Tajikistan in the south, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. It was a constituent of the Soviet Union until 1991. Among the major cities of Uzbekistan, the capital Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara can be named prominently. The natives here are mainly of Uzbek race, who use the Uzbek language colloquially.
Uzbekistan places 80 tonnes of gold annually, seventh in the world. Uzbekistan's copper deposits rank tenth in the world and its uranium is twelfth. The country's uranium production ranks seventh globally. Uzbektegaz, the Uzbek national gas company, is ranked 11th in the world in natural gas production with an annual output of 60 to 70 billion cubic meters (2.1–2.5 trillion cubic feet). Uzbekistan saw a slight improvement in the 2020 Ease of Doing Business ranking by the World Bank. The largest corporations involved in Uzbekistan's energy sector are China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Petronas, Korea National Oil Corporation, Gazprom, Lukoil and Uzbekentas.
The Uzbek language is one of the Ottoman languages closest to the Uyghur language and both belong to the Karluk branch of the Ottoman language family. It is the only official national language and has been written officially in the Latin alphabet since 1992. Karakalpak, a Turkic language close to Kazakh and spoken by half a million people, is mainly spoken in the Republic of Karakalpakstan and has an official position on the region.
Uzbekistan Important Facts
- Uzbekistan is officially called the Republic of Uzbekistan. It is a landlock country located in the center of Asia.
- Uzbekistan borders Turkmenistan in the south, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan in the north and Tajikistan in the east.
- Uzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union on 31 August 1991.
- The total area of Uzbekistan is 448,978 sq km. (173,351 sq mi).
- Uzbek is the official language of Uzbekistan.
- The name of the currency of Uzbekistan is Uzbekistan Som.
- According to the World Bank, in 2016, the total population of Uzbekistan was 3.18 crore.
- The religion of most people in Uzbekistan is Islam.
- The most important ethnic groups in Uzbekistan are Russian, Kazakh, Karkalpak, Tajik and Uzbek.
- The highest mountain in Uzbekistan is Khazret Sultan, which has an altitude of 4,643 meters.
- The longest river in Uzbekistan is the Syr Darya River, which has a length of 2,212 km.
- The largest lake in Uzbekistan is the Aral Sea, which is 68,000 square kilometers. Spreads over an area.
- The national animal of Uzbekistan is Felis margarita thinobia, also known as Turkestan Sand cat.
- The national bird of Uzbekistan is the Holy Bird Khumo.
- The national dish of Uzbekistan is plov.
Uzbekistan Important History Events
- 09 september 1141 - Yelü Dashi, the Liao Dynasty general who founded the Qara-Khitai, defeated the Seljuq and Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle ofQatwan near Samarkand, present-day Uzbekistan.
- 30 june 1965 - Cease-fire was agreed under UN auspices between India and Pakistan, who signed treaty to stop the war at Rann of Kutch. The United States and the Soviet Union used significant diplomatic tools to prevent any further escalation in the conflict between the two South Asian nations. The Soviet Union, led by Premier Alexei Kosygin, hosted ceasefire negotiations in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan), where Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Agreement.
- 26 April 1966 - The Tashkent city of Uzbekistan was completely destroyed by the 7.5 magnitude earthquake.
- 13 may 2005 - Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troopsfired into a crowd of protesters in Andijan, Uzbekistan, killinganywhere from 187, the official count of the government, to a reported5,000 people.
- 14 november 2005 - The diplomatic sanctions for Uzbekistan have been renewed by the United Nations, which were breached constantly by the governments of Britain and Germany. These sanctions ban the sale of artillery and visits from EU officials to Uzbekistan or vice versa.
- 13 december 2006 - According to a survey conducted by the Social Opinion Center of Uzbekistan, 93.7% of respondents’ opposed religious fanaticism and 3.9% said religious freedom is limited, however only 39.4% said they had conditions that "satisfied their religious needs."
- 14 august 2007 - The Shanghai Cooperation of Central Asian countries, includes the People's Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan andUzbekistan, meets in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek to talk about security issues.
Populated Cities of Uzbekistan
Urgut, Guliston, Namangan, Fargona, Samarqand, Andijon, Zarafshon, Khujayli, Qunghirot, Shahrisabz, Qarshi, Chimboy, Qoqon, Bukhara, Kattaqorgon, Jizzax, Nukus, Tashkent, Denow, Navoi, Angren, Iskandar, Termiz, Chirchiq, Urgentch, Khiwa, Muynoq, Olmaliq, Kogon, Navoiy,
5 Neighbour countries of Uzbekistan
Afghanistan [L] , Kazakhstan [L] , Kyrgyzstan [L] , Tajikistan [L] , Turkmenistan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)