Maldives History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Maldives has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Maldives and important events related to Maldives history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Maldives Country Profile

CountryMaldives
CapitalMalé
CurrencyMaldivian rufiyaa
ContinentAsia

Maldives History

A comparative study of the oral, linguistic and cultural tradition and custom of the Maldives confirms that the first settlers were Dravidians, who came here from Kerala in the Sangam period (BCE 300–300 CE). It was probably the fishermen of the south west coast which is now the south of the Indian subcontinent and the west coast of Sri Lanka. One such community is that of the Giravaru people who are descendants of ancient Tamils. The establishment of the capital and the luxurious rule of Malé have described in ancient legends and local folk tales. They are considered the first community to settle on the island. The agreement to provide full political independence to the Maldives was signed by His Majesty Sultan Ibrahim Nasir Ranabandeyree Killegefan, Prime Minister and Queen Sahiba on behalf of Sir Michael Walker British Elchi Maldives Island. The ceremony was held on 26 July 1965 at the British High Commissioner's residence in Colombo.

Maldives Geography

The Maldives consists of approximately 1,190 Mungia islands, organized in a double chain of 26 coral islands, in a north-south direction. The coral islands of the Maldives cover an area of ​​approximately 90,000 square kilometers, making it one of the most isolated countries in the world. It has 1,192 islands, 200 of which are inhabited. The capital and largest city of the Republic of Maldives is Male, which has a population of 103,693 (2006). It is located on the southern side of the North Malle atoll, in Kafu atoll. It is also an administrative department of Maldives. Traditionally it was the king's island from which the ancient Maldives ruled the royal dynasty and where his palace was located.

Maldives Economy

In ancient times, the Maldives was famous for the kauri shell, coconut-rope, dry tuna fish (Maldives fish), ambergris (mawaharu) and coco de mer (tawakkashi). Local and foreign merchant ships carried these products to other ports of the Indian Ocean across Sri Lanka. The Maldives government began an economic reform program in 1989, starting with the lifting of import quotas and opening of some exports to the private sector. Later, its rules were liberalized and more foreign investment was allowed.

Maldives Language

The official and common language is Dhivehi, an Indo-Aryan language which is related to the Sinhalese language of Sri Lanka. The first known script used to write Dhivehi is the Evil Akaru script, which is found in historical recordings of the kings (Radhavali). Later a script called dhives akuru was used for a long time. The current script is called Thana and is written from right to left. The Thana is said to have started from the reign of Mohammad Thakurufaanu.

Maldives Important Facts

  • Maldives is officially called the Republic of Maldives which is an island country located in the Indian Ocean.
  • The Maldives gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 26 July 1965 and after 3 years of monarchical rule there, the monarchy was abolished on 11 November 1968.
  • The total area of ​​Maldives is 298 sq km. (115 sq mi) which includes 1,192 islands.
  • The official language of the Maldives is Maldivian (Dhivehi).
  • The name of the currency of Maldives is Maldivian Rufiyaa.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Maldives in 2016 was 4.17 lakh.
  • The religion of the majority of the people in Maldives is Islam which is a Sunni community.
  • Maldives are inhabited only by Maldivian ethnic groups.
  • The climate of Maldives is tropical monsoon (M), which is influenced by the large landmass of South Asia in the north.
  • The highest area of ​​Maldives is Addu Atoll, which is spread over an area of ​​11.23 km.
  • Maldives' economies are based on tourism and fisheries, with over 70 islands developed to increase tourism facilities.
  • The world's first Underwater Cabinet meeting was held on 17 October 2009 in Maldives.
  • The Maldives national flower is Pinkrose (Rosa polyantha).
  • The national tree of the Maldives is the coconut tree (Cocos nucifera).

Maldives Important History Events

  • 04 June 1964 - The Maldives created the constitution.
  • 26 July 1965 - The Maldives became independent of Britain.
  • 20 October 1998 - Maldives President Abdul Gayoom was re-elected to the presidency for the fifth time.
  • 17 September 2004 - The European Parliament passed a resolution banning the Maldives.
  • 26 December 2004 - A tsunami caused by a 9.3 magnitude earthquake on the Richter scale caused widespread devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and surrounding areas, killing 2,30,000 people.
  • 17 October 2009 - Maldives located in the Indian Ocean, under the world's first cabinet meeting, tried to warn all countries against the threat of global warming.
  • 07 april 2011 - Joyce Banda was elected as the president of Maldives. He was elected as the president after Bingu WA Muthu Wiki.
  • 07 february 2012 - Several months of political crisis in the Maldives culminatedin the resignation of President Mohamed Nasheed.

Populated Cities of Maldives

Male, Un'goofaaru, Veymandoo, Fonadhoo, Rasdhoo, Thulusdhoo, Dhihdhoo, Foammulah, Viligili, Thinadhoo, Naifaru, Muli, Eydhafushi, Felidhoo, Funadhoo, Hithadhoo, Kudahuvadhoo, Kulhudhuffushi, Mahibadhoo, Manadhoo, Nilandhoo,

3 Neighbour countries of Maldives

India [M] , Sri Lanka [M] , United Kingdom [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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