Nepal History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Nepal has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Nepal and important events related to Nepal history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Nepal Country Profile

CountryNepal
CapitalKathmandu
CurrencyNepalese Rupee
ContinentAsia
FounderKing Tribhuwan, Prithvi Narayan Shah 

Nepal History

Scholars have different beliefs regarding the etymology of the word Nepal. There is no concrete evidence about the origin of the word "Nepal", but according to a well-known belief, the word has formed a sage and pal (cave). Kathmandu, once the capital of Nepal, is believed to have been the austerity site of the sage. This land was named Nepal due to being nurtured by Muni, Nepal's history was influenced by the Indian empires but it was the only country in South Asia that survived British colonialism. However, in the Battle of the British (1814–16) and the resulting treaty, most of the territories of the then Nepali Empire came under British India and even today these Indian states are part of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal.

Nepal Geography

The shape of Nepal on the map is of a diagonally parallel quadrilateral. The total length of Nepal is around 800 km and width is 200 km. The total area of ​​Nepal is 147516 square kilometers. Nepal is geographically divided into three parts - the mountainous region, the Shivalik region and the Terai region. Together, a group of epithets known as 'Bhitri Madhes' is situated between the Mahabharata mountain range and the Churia range of the mountainous region. This area is situated between the mountains and the lowlands. The Himali Hills and Terai region is spread across the country in the east-west direction and the Yini region is divided by Nepal's major rivers.

Nepal Economy

Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2018 was $ 28.8 billion. With an annual growth rate of 6.3% in 2018, and expected to reach 7.1% in 2019, Nepal is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. However, the country ranks 165th in the world in per capita GDP and 162nd in GDP per capita at PPP. Nepal has been a member of the WTO since 23 April 2004.

Nepal Language

The official language of Nepal is Nepali and the people of Nepal are also called Nepali. The culture of Nepal is similar to that of Tibet and India. Other languages ​​of Nepal include several languages ​​spoken in Nepal, such as Kiranti, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Nepa language Neva, Gorkhali, etc. Here the dress, language and dish are the same. The common food of Nepal is gram dal, rice, tarkari, pickle. This type of food is eaten both in the morning and at night in the day. Chivda and tea are also popular in food.

Nepal Important Facts

  • Nepal is officially called the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, a landlocked Himalayan nation located in the Indian subcontinent of South Asian.
  • Nepal borders India in the south, east and west and Tibet, an autonomous region of China in the north.
  • The interesting aspect of Nepal's history is that it has never been a slave to any country, although it has passed through the era of royalty.
  • The total area of ​​Nepal is 147,181 sq km. (56,827 square miles).
  • Nepali is the official language of Nepal.
  • The name of Nepal's currency is Nepalese Rupee.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Nepal in 2016 was 29 million.
  • The religion of most people in Nepal is Hindu, Buddhist, Islam and Christian.
  • The major ethnic groups in Nepal are Chhetri, Bahu, Magra and etc.
  • Nepal is a country where ethnic conflicts have never taken place even though there are more than 80 castes.
  • Gautama Buddha (Mahatma Buddha) was born in 623 BC. A place called Lumbini was born in Nepal.
  • Nepal has its own calendar named Nepal Sambat (Nepāl Sambat) which is 56 years 8 months ahead of the Georgian (English) calendar, due to which the year 2075 is currently going on in Nepal.
  • In Nepal, it is officially a Saturday holiday and not Sunday like other countries.
  • The magnitude of the 2015 earthquake was between 7.8 (Mw) to 8.1, killing about 8,800 people and injuring over 21,000 people and leaving 3.5 million people homeless.
  • The highest mountain in Nepal is Mount Everest, which is 8,848 meters high, it is also the highest mountain in the world.

Nepal Important History Events

  • 15 September 1846 - Jung Bahadur Rana came to power in Nepal.
  • 15 September 1846 - Nepal was captured by Jung Bahadur Rana.
  • 16 December 1862 - Nepal accepted the constitution of its state.
  • 21 december 1923 - Nepal and the United Kingdom signed a treaty, the first to define the international status of Nepal as an independent and sovereign nation.
  • 15 January 1934 - An earthquake measuring 8.7 struck India and Nepal. About 11,000 lives were lost in this earthquake.
  • 16 July 1951 - The country of Asia became independent from Nepal, Britain.
  • 29 may 1953 - Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay's (adopted) 39th birthday. Sir Edmund Percival Hillary was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer and philanthropist. Tenzing Norgay born Namgyal Wangdi and often referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer.
  • 25 may 1955 - First ascent of Kanchenjunga, the third-highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River and in the east by the Teesta River. The Kangchenjunga Himal is located in eastern Nepal and Sikkim, India. British expedition team led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day.
  • 14 March 1955 - Prince Mahendra became the king of Nepal.
  • 18 may 1956 - The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed by a Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger on May 18, 1956. It is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres and located at the border between Tibet and Nepal.

Populated Cities of Nepal

Dhangarhi, Jumla, Kathmandu, Nepalganj, Bhairawa, Lalitpur, Rajbiraj, Baglung, Hetauda, Pokhara, Dandeldhura, Biratnagar, Ilam, Bhimphedi, Salyan, Ramechhap, Birganj,

2 Neighbour countries of Nepal

China [L] , India [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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