Qatar has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Qatar and important events related to Qatar history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.
Qatar Country Profile
Qatar had ruled Thani's home since Muhammad bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868, which recognized its separate status. After Ottoman rule, Qatar became a British defender in the 20th century until attaining independence in 1971. In 2003, the constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum, with about 98% in favor. In the 21st century, Qatar emerged as an important force in the Arab world through its globally expanding media conglomerate, Al Jazeera Media Network.
The Qatar Peninsula extends 160 kilometers (100 mi) in the Persian Gulf north of Saudi Arabia. In most of the country there is a low, barren plain covered with sand. To the southeast is Khor al Adaid ("Inland Sea"), an area of sand dunes around an inlet of the Persian Gulf. There are mild winters and very hot, humid summers.
Prior to the discovery of oil, the economy of the Qatari region was focused on fishing and pearl hunting. A report prepared by the local governors of the Ottoman Empire in 1892 states that the total income from pearl hunting in 1892 is 2,450,000 cranes. After the introduction of Japanese cultured pearls to the world market in the 1920s and 1930s, Qatar's pearl industry crashed. The oil was discovered in 1940 at Dukhan Field, in Qatar. This discovery changed the economy of the state. Now, the country has a high standard of living for its legal citizens. With no income tax, Qatar (along with Bahrain) is one of the lowest tax rate countries in the world. The unemployment rate in June 2013 was 0.1%. Corporate law states that Qatari citizens should own 51% of any enterprise in the Emirate. Trade and industry in the Emirate is overseen by the Ministry of Trade.
Arabic is the official language of Qatar, in which Qatar Arabic is the local dialect. English is commonly used as a second language, and steps are being taken to try to preserve Arabic, a growing lingua franca, especially in commerce. English is particularly useful for communication with Qatar's large expatriate community. Many other languages are also spoken in the country, including Persian, Baluchi, Brahui, Hindi, Malayalam, Urdu, Pashto, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Nepali, Sinhalese, Bengali, Tagalog and Indonesian.
Qatar Important Facts
- Qatar is officially called Qatar State and is a peninsula located on the north eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
- Qatar borders Saudi Arabia to the south, the rest is surrounded by the Persian Gulf.
- Qatar gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 3 September 1971.
- The total area of Qatar is 11,581 sq km. (4,471 sq mi).
- The official language of Qatar is Arabic.
- The currency of Qatar is Riyal.
- According to the World Bank, Qatar had a total population of 25.7 million in 2016.
- The religion of most people in Qatar is Islam.
- The most important ethnic group in Qatar is non-Qatari and Qatari.
- The climate of Qatar is desert with very mild winters, and very hot and sunny summers.
- The highest point in Qatar is the Quran Abu al Bawl, which has a height of 103 meters.
- Women are free to drive in Qatar, but the condition of their independence is as bad as the rest of the Arab countries.
- Hamad International Airport opened in Qatar in 2014 handles about 5 million passengers every year.
Qatar Important History Events
- 03 September 1971 - Qatar gained independence.
- 03 september 2005 - The Unites States has been offered a $100 million aid by the oil rich nation of Qatar to help with catastrophic damage caused by Hurricane Katrina.
- 07 january 2011 - The International association football tournament the AFC Asian Cup, Officially opens in Qatar.
- 25 september 2012 - The World Health Organisation announces a global alert. It is investigating the case of an unidentified Corona virus found in a Qatari man. The man was returning from Saudi Arabia.
- 25 june 2013 - Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani became the eighth Emir of Qatar. He is the fourth son of the previous Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani. He became Emir of Qatar after his father's abdication. Sheikh Tamim has held a variety of government posts within Qatar and also worked to promote numerous sporting events within the country. As of 2013, Tamim is the world's youngest reigning monarch.
- 26 june 2013 - Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani became Prime Minister of Qatar. Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani is a Qatari politician who has been Prime Minister of Qatar since 26 June 2013. A member of the ruling family, he was Minister of State for Internal Affairs from 2005 to 2013.
- 26 july 2013 - A Boeing 787 Dreamliner is grounded by Qatar Airways; a minor technical issue is reported, increasing pressure on Boeing to address possible electrical problems with its lastest new jet.
Populated Cities of Qatar
Doha, Az Za`ayin, Al Wakrah, Al Khawr, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal `Ali, Ar Rayyan, Ash Shihaniyah,
3 Neighbour countries of Qatar
Bahrain [M] , Iran [M] , Saudi Arabia [LM] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)