Singapore History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Singapore has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Singapore and important events related to Singapore history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Singapore Country Profile

CurrencySingapore Dollar
FounderLee Kuan Yew

Singapore History

The year 1965 saw the emergence of a new Singapore nation, separated from Malaysia. Legend has it that in the fourteenth century, when a Hindu prince of Sumatra island went to Singapore island for hunting, after seeing lions in the forest there, he named the island as Singapura, ie Island of Lions. Singapore means lion's purse. That is, it is called the city of lions. Here people of different religions, culture, history and language of different countries live together. Singapore is a democratic country dominated by the People's Action Party (PAP for short). Lee Kuan Yew was its most influential leader who remained in power for 31 years (1959–90). During this time Singapore made a lot of commercial progress.

Singapore Geography

Singapore has 63 islands, including the main island, Pulau Ungong. Johor, Malaysia has two man-made connections: the Woodlands 1 link in the north and the Tass 2 link in the west. Among the smaller islands of Singapore, Jurang Island, Pulau Takong, Pulau Yubin and Sentosa are the largest. The tallest natural point is Timah Hill, booked at 163.63 meters (537 ft). Under British rule, Christmas Island and Cocos Islands were part of Singapore, but both were relocated to Australia in 1957. Pedra Branca is the easternmost point of the country.

Singapore Economy

Singapore is the world's 9th and Asia's fourth largest economy. Economists have called Singapore a "modern miracle". All the natural resources here are residents of this place. Here water is imported from Malaysia, milk, fruits and vegetables from New Zealand and Australia, pulses, rice and other daily use items are imported from Thailand, Indonesia etc. From the 1970s on, the business here began to gain momentum which caught the attention of the whole world. Today the main businesses are electronic, chemical and service companies like hotels, callcenters, banking, outsourcing etc. It has been very attractive for foreign investment and recently companies here have made good investment abroad.

Singapore Language

There are four official languages ​​in Singapore: English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil. English is the main language used in language and business, government, law and education. The Singapore Constitution and all government legislation are written in English, and require interpreters in Singaporean courts to use a language other than English. Statutory corporations conduct their business in English, while any official document written in a non-English official language such as Malay, Mandarin, or Tamil is generally accepted for translation into English.

Singapore Important Facts

  • Singapore is officially called the Republic of Singapore, a country in the south of Asia between Indonesia and Malaysia.
  • Singapore gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 31 August 1963, after which it merged with Malaysia in 16 September 1963 and then separated from Malaysia on 9 August 1965.
  • The total area of ​​Singapore is 721.5 sq km. (278.6 sq mi), which is made up of 63 islands including Pulau Unjong, the main island.
  • The official languages ​​of Singapore are English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil.
  • The name of Singapore currency is Singapore dollar.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Singapore in 2016 was 56.1 lakh.
  • The religion of most people in Singapore is Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Singapore are Chinese, Malay, and Indian.
  • The climate of Singapore is a tropical rainforest climate with temperatures ranging from 22 to 35 degrees Celsius throughout the year.
  • The tallest mountain in Singapore is Bukit Timah Hill, which is 164 meters high.
  • The longest river of Singapore is the Kallang River, which is 10 km in length.
  • One of the most popular tourist destinations in Singapore is the Night Safari, the first zoo to open at night, which was opened on 26 May 1994.
  • The world's largest orchid garden is found in the Singapore Botanic Garden.
  • Singapore's national flower, Vanda Miss Joaquim, was first discovered by Armenians in 1893.
  • The national animal of Singapore is the Lion.

Singapore Important History Events

  • 06 february 1819 - British official Stamford Raffles signed a treaty with Sultan Hussain Shah of Johor, establishing Singapore as a trading post for the British East India Company.
  • 28 January 1819 - Sir Stamford Raffles discovered Singapore.
  • 06 February 1819 - A formal treaty between Husain Shah of Johor and British Sir Stamford Rafals established a trade agreement in Singapore.
  • 05 June 1823 - The Raffles Institution was established as the Singapore Institution by the founder of Singapore, Sir Stamford Raffles.
  • 01 March 1886 - The Anglo-Chinese school in Singapore was founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 21 October 1934 - Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose founded Azad Hind Fauj in Singapore.
  • 14 February 1938 - The British Navy started operations in Singapore.
  • 31 january 1942 - Second World War: Allied forces retreated from British Malaya to Singapore, ceding control of the country to Japan.
  • 18 february 1942 - World War II-The Imperial Japanese Army began the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among Chinese Singaporeans.
  • 10 october 1943 - World War II-The Kempeitai, the military police arm of theImperial Japanese Army, arrested and tortured over 50 civilians andcivilian internees on suspicion of their involvement in a raid onSingapore Harbour during Operation Jaywick.

Populated Cities of Singapore


2 Neighbour countries of Singapore

Indonesia [M] , Malaysia [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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