Indonesia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Indonesia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Indonesia and important events related to Indonesia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Indonesia Country Profile

CountryIndonesia
CapitalJakarta
CurrencyIndonesian Rupiah
ContinentAsia
FounderSukarno, Mohammad Hatta

Indonesia History

The fossil remains of Homo erectus, known as "Java Man", suggest that the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited two million to 500,000 years ago. Homo sapiens arrived in the region around 43,000 BC. The first European arrived in the archipelago in 1512, when Portuguese traders led by Francisco Cerro, seeking to monopolize the sources of nutmeg, cloves, and cube pepper in the island of Maluk. Europeans as Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century and were trying to monopolize the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves and cube pepper in Maluku. In 1602 the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and by 1610 became the dominant European power. After bankruptcy, the VOC was formally dissolved in 1800, and the Government of the Netherlands established the Dutch East Indies under government control.

By the early 20th century, Dutch dominance extended to current borders. The Japanese invasion and subsequent occupation of 1942–45 during World War II ended Dutch rule and encouraged the already suppressed Indonesian independence movement. Two days after Japan's surrender in August 1945, Sukarno, the nationalist leader, declared independence and became president. The Netherlands tried to reestablish its rule, but a bitterly armed and diplomatic conflict ended in December 1949 when, in the face of international pressure, the Dutch formally recognized Indonesian independence.

Indonesia Geography

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world, with 5,120 kilometers (3,181 mi) from east to west and 1,760 kilometers (1,094 mi) from north to south. Indonesia lies along the equator, and has a relatively year-to-year climate. Indonesia has two seasons - a rainy season and a dry season - in which there is no peak summer or winter. Indonesia shares the land borders of Borneo and Sebatic, Malaysia with Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor, and maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Palau and Australia. The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical, with tropical rainforest climate found in every major island in Indonesia. Tectonically, Indonesia is highly unstable, making it the site of many volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.

Indonesia Economy

Indonesia is a mixed economy, in which both the private sector and the government sector have a role. Indonesia is the largest economy in South-East Asia and one of the G-20 economies. In 2010, Indonesia's estimated gross domestic product (nominal) was approximately $ 910 billion. The agriculture sector accounts for the highest contribution of 44.4% of the GDP, followed by the service sector 37.1% and the industry 19.5%. From 2020, the services sector has given more jobs than other sectors. However, the agricultural sector was the major employer for centuries. Indonesia is the 8th largest economy in the world and will become the largest economy and superpower by 2050. According to the World Trade Organization, Indonesia will overtake China in 2020 to become the world's largest exporter. Oil and gas, electrical equipment, ply-wood, rubber and textiles will be the main exports. Chemicals, fuels and food items will also be the main exports, according to the World Trade Organization, Indonesia's economy is $ 4 trillion.

Indonesia Language

Here the main language is Indonesian. Other languages include Java, Bali, Bhasha Sunda, Bhasha Madura etc. Ancient Language name Kawi which major literary texts of the country. The prevalence of English and Arabic language is increasing rapidly.

Indonesia Important Facts

  • The Republic of Indonesia is an island nation located in Southeast Asia and Oceania.
  • Indonesia borders Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia.
  • Indonesia's independence was declared on 17 August 1945 and it was made independent by Italy on 27 December 1949.
  • The total area of ​​Indonesia is 1,919,440 sq km. (1,919,440 square miles).
  • The official language of Indonesia is Indonesian.
  • The name of the Indonesian currency is Indonesian Rupiah.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Indonesia in 2016 was 26.11 crore.
  • The religion of most people in Indonesia is Islam.
  • The important ethnic groups in Indonesia are Javanese and Sundanese.
  • The tallest mountain in Indonesia is Pancak Jaya, which has an altitude of 4,884 meters.
  • The longest river of Indonesia is Kapuas River, which has a length of 1,143 km.
  • Lake Toba, Indonesia's largest lake, which is 1,130 sq km. Spreads over.
  • In Indonesia, Javan Rhino is an unidentified animal in the world.
  • Indonesia has the world's largest full Rafflesia arnoldii, also called Stinking corpse lily.

Indonesia Important History Events

  • 10 april 1815 - Mount Tambora in Indonesia began one of the most violent volcanic eruption in recorded history, killing at least 71,000 people,and affecting worldwide temperatures for the next two years.
  • 08 June 1909 - An earthquake and tsunami destroyed the city of Korinchi, located on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 230 people.
  • 16 January 1943 - The first air strike of the US Air Force occurred on the island of Ambon, Indonesia.
  • 17 august 1945 - Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed the independence of Indonesia, igniting the Indonesian National Revolution against the Dutch Empire.
  • 10 november 1945 - Indonesian National Revolution-Following the killing of theBritish officer Brigadier A. W. S. Mallaby a few weeks prior, Britishforces began their retaliation by attacking Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • 12 november 1945 - Sudirman was elected the first commander-in-chief of theIndonesian Armed Forces.
  • 02 November 1949 - The Netherlands recognized Indonesia as an autonomous state.
  • 21 December 1949 - The Portuguese rulers declared Indonesia as a sovereign nation.
  • 31 December 1949 - 18 countries of the world recognized Indonesia.
  • 16 December 1949 - Sukarno was elected President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Populated Cities of Indonesia

Makale, Sungaipenuh, Sampit, Bogor, Jakarta, Parepare, Bandar Lampung, Padang, Sumenep, Watampone, Malang, Pekanbaru, Ende, Tuban, Manokwari, Denpasar, Lahat, Yogyakarta, Tanjungpandan, Palu, Pontianak, Tidore, Bandjarmasin, Samarinda, Binjai, Surakarta, Ruteng, Banda Aceh, Bukittinggi, Sawahlunto, Pasuruan, Mataram, Waingapu, Luwuk, Amahai, Poso, Jambi, Manado, Balikpapan, Padangpanjang, Nabire, Bengkulu, Kotabumi, Gorontalo, Kualakapuas, Ambon, Praya, Merauke, Pematangsiantar, Kuta, Jember, Surabaya, Kupang, Sukabumi, Majene, Pakalongan, Tasikmalaya, Tebingtinggi, Padangsidempuan, Timika, Cirebon, Singkawang, Palopo, Baubau, Bandung, Bekasi, Tegal, Kediri, Singaraja, Tanjungpinang, Sibolga, Medan, Martapura, Tarakan, Ternate, Madiun, Pinrang, Probolinggo, Salatiga, Palembang, Banyuwangi, Jayapura, Kendari, Serang, Palangkaraya, Lhokseumawe, Telukbutun, Semarang, Blitar, Tarutung, Ujungpandang, Pangkalpinang, Sorong, Indramayu, Pati, Cilacap, Langsa, Mojokerto, Magelang, Raba,

12 Neighbour countries of Indonesia

Australia [M] , China [M] , East Timor [LM] , India [M] , Malaysia [LM] , Palau [M] , Papua New Guinea [LM] , Philippines [M] , Singapore [M] , Taiwan [M] , Thailand [M] , Vietnam [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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