Tunisia History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Tunisia has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Tunisia and important events related to Tunisia history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Tunisia Country Profile

CountryTunisia
CapitalTunis
CurrencyTunisian dinar
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union, Arab League
FormationMarch 20, 1956
FounderHabib Bourguiba

Tunisia History

In ancient times, Tunisia was inhabited mainly by Berbers. Phenicia immigration began in the 12th century BCE (Phenicia was an ancient Semitic-speaking Thalass local civilization that originated in the eastern Mediterranean Levant region, mainly in modern-day Lebanon); These emigrants established Carthage (Carthage was the capital of ancient Carthagean civilization, now Lake Tunisia.). A major trading power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BCE.

The Ottoman Empire established control in 1574 and dominated for over 300 years. The French colony of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Republic of Tunisian in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian revolution resulted in the parliamentary elections of President Zine El Abidin Ben Ali. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014 and for the presidency on 23 November 2014. As a result, Tunisia is the only country in North Africa to be classified as free by the Freedom House Organization and is also considered by The Economist Democracy Index.

Tunisia Geography

Tunisia is located on the Mediterranean coast of northwest Africa, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. It is bounded by Algeria in the west and Libya in the southwest and Libya in the southeast. A southerly turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinct Mediterranean coasts, north-east to west and east to south. Although it is relatively small in size, Tunisia has environmental diversity due to its north-south border. Its east-west range is limited. Tunisia's climate is Mediterranean in the north, with light rain and hot, dry summers. South of the country is the desert. Tunisia, like other North African countries, has lost its prehistoric biodiversity due to ongoing human populations.

Tunisia Economy

Tunisia is an export-oriented country in the process of liberalization and privatization of an economy, while the 5% GDP growth rate since the early 1990s has suffered from corruption benefiting the politically connected elite. Tunisia's penal code criminalizes many forms of growing corruption, including active and passive bribery, abuse of office, extortion and conflict of interest, but the anti-corruption framework is not effectively implemented. However, according to the Corruption Perceptions Index published annually by Transparency International, Tunisia was ranked as the least corrupt North-African-country in 2016 with a score of 41%. Tunisia has a diverse economy ranging from agriculture, mining, manufacturing and petroleum. Tunisia was ranked the most competitive economy in Africa in 2009 and 40th in the world by the World Economic Forum.

Tunisia Language

Arabic is the official language of Tunisia and is the language used by the public. There is a small minority group of speakers of Berber languages, collectively known as Jebbali or Shelha. Despite not having official status, the French also play a major role in Tunisian society. It is widely used in the press, and business and education (eg, as a language of science education in secondary school). In 2010, Tunisia had 6,639,000 French-speaking or about 64% of the population. Italian is understood and spoken by a small segment of the Tunisian population. Shop signs, menus and street signs in Tunisia are usually written in both Arabic and French.

Tunisia Important Facts

  • Tunisia is officially called the Republic of Tunisia, an Arab nation located in the north of Africa.
  • Tunisia borders the Mediterranean to the north, Libya to the east and Algeria to the west.
  • Tunisia gained independence from France on 20 March 1956 and declared itself a republic on 25 July 1957.
  • The total area of ​​Tunisia is 163,610 sq km. (63,170 sq mi).
  • The official language of Tunisia is Arabic.
  • Tunisia's currency is named Tunisian Dinar.
  • According to the World Bank, Tunisia had a total population of 1.14 crore in 2016.
  • Islam is the religion of most people in Tunisia.
  • The most important ethnic group in Tunisia is Arabs and Berbers.
  • Tunisia has a Mediterranean climate that is mild rainy in winter and hot in summer, the cause of drought and the southern part of the country is desert.
  • The highest mountain in Tunisia is the Chaambi Mountain, which is 1,544 meters high.
  • The longest river in Tunisia is the Medjerda River, which is 450 km in length.
  • The largest lake in Tunisia is Chott el Djerid, which is 7,000 square kilometers. Spreads over an area of.
  • The national dish of Tunisia is Couscous.

Tunisia Important History Events

  • 12 may 1881 - Under the threat of invasion, the Bey of Tunis Muhammad IIIas-Sadiq signed the Treaty of Bardo to make Tunisia a Frenchprotectorate.
  • 14 february 1943 - World War II: General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim's Fifth Panzer Army launched a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
  • 06 April 1943 - The war of the Wadi Aktitat began in Tunisia.
  • 20 July 1956 - France declared Tunisia as an independent country.
  • 25 july 1957 - More than a year after obtaining independence from France,Tunisia abolished its monarchy, the Husainid Dynasty, and became arepublic.
  • 07 november 1987 - Zine El Abidine Ben Ali deposed and replaced Habib Bourguiba asPresident of Tunisia, declaring him medically unfit for the duties ofthe office.
  • 11 April 2002 - 21 killed in Tunisia by al Qaeda due to Garibah synagogue bombings.
  • 17 december 2010 - Tunisian street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire inprotest to police harassment, triggering the Tunisian Revolution.
  • 18 december 2010 - The Tunisian Revolution began, and what was initially a series of protests with a set of demands evolved into nationwide demonstrations that eventually toppled the regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after nearly 23 years of rule.
  • 31 december 2010 - In Tunisia, a protester dies of injuries incurred during continued protest over unemployment and living conditions.

Populated Cities of Tunisia

L'Ariana, Qasserine, Monastir, Tataouine, Medenine, Beja, Jendouba, El Kef, Mahdia, Sfax, Sdid Bouzid, Tozeur, Dehibat, Sousse, Siliana, Tunis, Gabes, Kebili, Ben Gardane, Zaghouan, Zarzis, Qairouan, Bizerte, Gafsa, Nabeul, Ben Arous, Manouba,

4 Neighbour countries of Tunisia

Algeria [LM] , Italy [M] , Libya [LM] , Malta [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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