Turkmenistan History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Turkmenistan has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Turkmenistan and important events related to Turkmenistan history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Turkmenistan Country Profile

CountryTurkmenistan
CapitalAshgabat
CurrencyTurkmenistan manat
ContinentAsia

Turkmenistan History

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries; Merv is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia and was once the largest city in the world. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world. Attached by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan emerged prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in later Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic became independent.

Turkmenistan Geography

Turkmenistan's surface is very uneven. Mountains, plateaus, deserts and plains are all found here, but due to being away from the sea, the climate here has a continental influence. Animal husbandry is the main occupation here. Turkmenistan lacks natural vegetation due to lack of rainfall. The Karakum Desert is spread over 70% of Turkmenistan. Due to the abundance of desert land, dry desert shrubs are found in most parts of the place. The climate is mostly dry desert with subtropical temperature ranges and little rain. Winters are mild and dry with most of the rainfall between January and May. The region of the country with the heaviest rainfall is the Kopet Dag Range.

Turkmenistan Economy

The country has the fourth largest reserves of natural gas and sufficient oil resources. Turkmenistan has adopted a cautious approach to economic recovery, hoping to use gas and cotton sales to sustain its economy. In 2014, the unemployment rate was estimated to be 11%. Much of Turkmenistan's oil is extracted from the Turkmenistan State Company's farms near Kottardpe, Balkanbat, and the Caspian Sea of ​​Cheleken, with an estimated reserve of 700 million tonnes. The oil extraction industry began in 1909 with the exploitation of farms in Cheleken (by Branobel) and in the 1930s in Balkanbat. Production progressed with the discovery of the Kumdag area in 1948 and the Coterdep area in 1959. A large part of the oil produced in Turkmenistan is refined in Turkmen and Sidi refineries. In addition, oil is exported via canals through the Caspian Sea to Europe.

Turkmenistan Language

Turkmenistan is the official language of Turkmenistan (according to the 1992 constitution), although Russian is still widely spoken in cities as "the language of inter-ethnic communication".

Turkmenistan Important Facts

  • Turkmenistan was officially called Turkmenistan before 1991, a Turkic country in the middle of Asia.
  • Turkmenistan borders with Uzbekistan in the northeast, Kazakhstan in the northwest, Afghanistan in the southeast, Iran in the southwest and the Caspian Sea in the west.
  • Turkmenistan gained independence from the Soviet Union on 27 October 1991, at which time it was called Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
  • The total area of ​​Turkmenistan is 491,210 sq km. (189,660 sq mi).
  • Turkmen is the official language of Turkmenistan.
  • The currency of Turkmenistan is named Turkmen New Manat.
  • According to the World Bank, Turkmenistan had a total population of 56.6 million in 2016.
  • The religion of most people in Turkmenistan is Orthodox Christianity.
  • The most important ethnic groups in Turkmenistan are Turkmen, Uzbek and Russian.
  • Turkmenistan's highest mountain is Aýrybaba, which has a height of 3,138 meters.
  • About 80% of Turkmenistan is covered by the Karakum black sand desert.
  • About 90% of workers in Turkmenistan are employed by the government.
  • Free electricity, water and natural gas have been provided to the citizens of Turkmenistan since 1993, which will run till 2030.

Turkmenistan Important History Events

  • 19 January 1907 - Eminent music composer Aminullah Hussain of Iran was born into an Iranian family in Turkmenistan.
  • 05 October 1948 - The earthquake in Turkmenistan's capital Ashqabat killed 110,000 people.
  • 27 October 1991 - The High Council of Turkmenistan approved the independence of this country from the Soviet Union.
  • 09 december 2006 - The "The World of Turkmenbashi Tales" theme park in Turkmenistan has been made functioning 2 months after being opened. The park is anticipated to fascinate more children now that the rides work.

Populated Cities of Turkmenistan

Ashgabat, Turkmenbasy, Tejen, Gyzlarbat, Buzmeyin, Kaka, Atamyrat, Koneurgench, Turkmenabat, Dasoguz, Mary, Celeken, Balkanabat, Anew,

5 Neighbour countries of Turkmenistan

Afghanistan [L] , Azerbaijan [M] , Iran [LM] , Kazakhstan [LM] , Uzbekistan [L] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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