Seychelles History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

Seychelles has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Seychelles and important events related to Seychelles history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Seychelles Country Profile

CountrySeychelles
CapitalVictoria
CurrencySeychellois rupee
ContinentAfrica
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJune 29, 1976

Seychelles History

The Seychelles country (archipelago) was discovered after 1500 AD by the European people and many Europeans lived here for the next 150 years. But in 1756 AD, France captured these islands. And then all these islanders were named Seychelles which was named after a French finance minister. When the British defeated Emperor Napoleon of France in 1814, these islands were captured by the British. But in 1976, these islands and people got complete independence from the British.

Seychelles Geography

Seychelles has an area of ​​about 459 square kilometers in all 115 islands of the country. Mahe is the largest island in the country. The area of ​​which is 157 square kilometers means it is 34% of the total area of ​​all the islands, and on this island Victoria is the capital of this country. Only a few islands live here, with a total population of 77,000. Which is 81% of the country's population. Most of the islands of this country do not have any population at all. And these islands are full of natural resources.

Seychelles Economy

Since independence in 1976, per capita production has increased to nearly seven times the old subsistence level. The development has been led by the tourism sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force compared to agriculture, which today employs about 3% of the labor force. Despite the development of tourism, farming and fisheries continue to employ some people, as are the industries that make coconut and vanilla. As of 2013, the main export products are processed fish (60%) and non-fillet frozen fish (22%).

Seychelles Language

French and English are the official languages ​​with Seychellois Creole, a French-based Creole language. Seychellois Creole is the most widely spoken native language and the country's national language. Nowadays, the Seychellois Creole is often given with English words and phrases. About 91% of the population are native speakers of Seychelles Creole, 5.1% of English and 0.7% of French. Most business and official meetings are held in English and almost all official websites are in English. The National Assembly business is conducted in Creole, but the laws are passed and published in English.

Seychelles Important Facts

  • Seychelles is officially called the Republic of Seychelles, an archipelagic nation of 115 islands located in the Indian Ocean.
  • The total area of ​​Seychelles is 451 sq km. (174 sq mi).
  • The official languages ​​of Seychelles are English, French and Seychelles Creole.
  • The Seychelles gained independence from the United Kingdom (UK) on 29 June 1976.
  • The Seychelles currency is named Seychelles Rupee.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Seychelles in 2016 was 94,677 thousand.
  • The religion of most people in Seychelles is Christian.
  • Seychelles has a tropical rain forest climate, which is quite similar, though quite humid, as the islands are small due to which the temperature is low throughout the year.
  • Among the main ethnic groups in the Seychelles, the dominant castes are Creoles and British.
  • The highest peak in the Seychelles is Morne Seychellois, which is 905 meters (2,969 ft) in height.
  • The Seychelles national bird is the Seychelles black parrot.

Seychelles Important History Events

  • 08 november 1965 - The United Kingdom split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritiusand the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches from the Seychellesto form the British Indian Ocean Territory.
  • 29 june 1976 - The Seychelles became independent from the United Kingdom. Seychelles , officially the Republic of Seychelles is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The 115-island country, whose capital is Victoria, lies 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Southeast Africa. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west and Comoros, Mayotte, Madagascar, Réunion, and Mauritius to the south.
  • 29 June 1976 - The day is celebrated as Independence Day in this country since the Seychelles Islands gained independence.
  • 17 november 2009 - Somali pirates take over a chemical tanker, the Singapore-operated MV Theresa VIII with 28 North Koreans on board in Seychelles.
  • 27 february 2012 - The cruise ship Costa Allegra, a left adrift in the Indian Ocean near the Seychelles, following an engine room fire.

Populated Cities of Seychelles

Victoria,

5 Neighbour countries of Seychelles

Comoros [M] , France [M] , Madagascar [M] , Mauritius [M] , Tanzania [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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