Madagascar History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 24th, 2021 in Africa Continent, Country Information

Madagascar has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Madagascar and important events related to Madagascar history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Madagascar Country Profile

CurrencyMalagasy Ariary
GroupAfrican Union
FormationJuly 26, 1960
FounderKing Radama I

Madagascar History

People first settled in Madagascar 2000 years ago. The people of Madagascar were either Indonesians or people of mixed Indonesian / African descent. Arab traders arrived here around 800–900 AD. When merchants started trading along the northern coast. During the 1700s, the Sakalawa of the west coast established the first empire of Madagascar. In 1883, France invaded Madagascar and established its rule on the island by 1896, now it had become a French colony. In 1975, Didier Ratsiraka took control of the country. He ruled as a dictator until 1991, after a few years the country attained independence and it is a democratic state.

Madagascar Geography

Madagascar is the 47th largest country in the world, the second largest island country and the fourth largest island. Madagascar's climate is highly variable due to its geography. Typically, Madagascar has two seasons: a warm, rainy season that lasts from November to April, and a cold, dry season that runs from May to October. Due to its geography, Madagascar's climate is highly variable. The central highlands are quite cold and dry, and it has most of Madagascar agriculture, especially rice farming. As a result of the island's long isolation from neighboring continents, Madagascar is home to various plants and animals found elsewhere on Earth. About 90% of all plant and animal species found in Madagascar are endemic. This specific ecology has led some ecologists to refer to Madagascar as the "eighth continent", and the island has been classified by Conservation International as a biodiversity hotspot.

Madagascar Economy

The IMF forced the government of Madagascar to accept structural adjustment policies and liberalization of the economy when the country went bankrupt in 1982. The country was then gradually privatized to state-controlled industries in the 1980s. The 1991 political crisis led to the suspension of IMF and World Bank aid. The IMF agreed to write off half of Madagascar's debt in 2004 under the Rawlomanana administration. And finally Madagascar became the first country to benefit from the Millennium Challenge account in 2005. The main economic resources of Madagascar are tourism, textiles, agriculture and mining. Madagascar's natural resources include a variety of agricultural and mineral products. Agriculture (including growing of Rafia), mining, fishing and forestry are the mainstays of the economy. Madagascar is the world's leading supplier of vanilla, cloves and ylang-ylang.

Madagascar Language

The Malagasy language, of Austronesian origin, is commonly spoken throughout the island. The official languages ​​of Madagascar are Malagasy and French. Madagascar is a Francophone country, and French is spoken among the educated population of this former French colony. Among second-language speakers, Madagascar has more Malagasy speakers than French. In the first national constitution of 1958, Malagasy and French were designated the official languages ​​of the Republic of Malagasy.

Madagascar Important Facts

  • Madagascar, officially called the Republic of Madagascar, is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean in the east of Africa.
  • The colonies began to be colonized by the French in December 1894 and were officially colonized in 1896.
  • Madagascar gained independence from France on 26 June 1960, it was known as French Madagascar during the rule of France.
  • The total area of ​​Madagascar is 587,041 sq km. (226,597 sq mi) It is the fourth largest island in the world.
  • The official languages ​​of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.
  • The name of the currency of Madagascar is Malagasy Arrival.
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Madagascar in 2016 was 2.49 crore.
  • The two largest ethnic groups in Madagascar are the Merina and the Betsimisaraka.
  • Madagascar's climate is characterized by a combination of southeastern trading winds and the northwest monsoon to create a warm and rainy season.
  • Madagascar's most famous garment is lamba, which is worn by women, men, the elderly and children.
  • The last queen of the Madagascar Empire was Ranavalona III (November 22, 1861 to May 23, 1917).
  • Madagascar is also called the Great Red Island because the central highlands are covered with red soil.
  • The national animal of Madagascar is the ring tailed lemur.
  • The national dish of Madagascar is Romazava.
  • The highest mountain in Madagascar is the Maromokotro Mountain, which is 2876 meters (9436 ft) high.

Madagascar Important History Events

  • 10 August 1500 - Captain Diago Diaz of the Portuguese seaplane became the first European to see Madagascar.
  • 28 february 1897 - Ranavalona III, the last sovereign ruler of the Kingdom of Madagascar, was deposed by a French military force.
  • 10 February 1897 - Freedom of religion was declared in Madagascar.
  • 03 june 1940 - Franz Rademacher, a Nazi government official, proposed thatMadagascar should be made available for the resettlement of the Jews ofEurope.
  • 26 june 1960 - Madagascar gained its independence from France. Madagascar is a semi-presidential representative democratic multi-party republic, wherein the popularly elected president is the head of state and selects a prime minister, who recommends candidates to the president to form his cabinet of ministers.
  • 26 June 1960 - Madagascar, the French colony, gained independence. Today is celebrated every year as National Day in this country.
  • 20 July 1963 - 17 African countries and Madagascar signed a peace deal with the European Council.
  • 29 june 1976 - The Seychelles became independent from the United Kingdom. Seychelles , officially the Republic of Seychelles is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The 115-island country, whose capital is Victoria, lies 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Southeast Africa. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west and Comoros, Mayotte, Madagascar, Réunion, and Mauritius to the south.
  • 06 november 1995 - Madagascar's Rova of Antananarivo, which served as the royalpalace from the 17th to 19th centuries, was destroyed by fire.
  • 03 december 2006 - Marc Ravalomanana, the existing leader is expected to be elected as the President of Madagascar in the Madagascar elections.

Populated Cities of Madagascar

Mandritsara, Antsiranana, Maintirano, Antalaha, Sambava, Ambatondrazaka, Bekiy, Maroantsetra, Morondava, Marovoay, Antsirabe, Ambanja, Mananjary, Farafangana, Andoany, Antsohihy, Toamasina, Miandrivazo, Fianarantsoa, Androka, Ihosy, Antananarivo, Tolanaro, Morombe, Mahajanga, Manja, Toliara, Besalampy,

5 Neighbour countries of Madagascar

Comoros [M] , France [M] , Mauritius [M] , Mozambique [M] , Seychelles [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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