Vietnam History, Geography, Economy and Important Events

✅ Published on January 25th, 2021 in Asia Continent, Country Information

Vietnam has a different place in the geography of the world. There are many things in this country that differentiate this country from other countries such as language, living, clothing, culture, religion, business. Lets learn about some such unique facts related to the Vietnam and important events related to Vietnam history, knowing that your knowledge will increase.

Vietnam Country Profile

CountryVietnam
CapitalHanoi
CurrencyVietnamese đồng
ContinentAsia
FounderHo Chi Minh

Vietnam History

Archaeological excavations suggest that Vietnam was inhabited at the beginning of the Paleolithic era. The ancient Vietnamese nation, which concentrated on the Red River Valley and surrounding coastal areas, was displaced by the Han dynasty in the second century BC, modern Vietnam was born in 1945 at the time of the declaration of independence from France. After the Vietnamese victory against the French in the First Indochina War, which ended in 1954, the nation split into two rival states: the Communist North and the Anti-Communist South. The conflict intensified in the Vietnam War, which saw widespread US intervention in support of South Vietnam and ended in 1975 with a North Vietnamese victory.

Vietnam Geography

Vietnam is located on the eastern Indochinese peninsula, as it covers a total area of ​​approximately 331,212 km2. The country's land borders have a combined length of 4,639 km, and its coastline is 3,444 km long. At its narrowest point in central Qing Bonh province, is equal to 50 kilometers across the country, 40% of the country's landmass contains mountains and tropical forests are around 42%. To the north is the Red River Delta, a flat, nearly triangular area of ​​about 15,000 km2.

Vietnam Economy

According to a December 2005 forecast by Goldman Sachs, the Vietnamese economy will become the world's 21st largest by 2025, with an estimated GDP of $ 436 billion and a nominal GDP of $ 4,357 per capita. Based on the findings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2012, the unemployment rate in Vietnam was 4.46%. In the same year, Vietnam's nominal GDP reached $ 138 billion, with GDP per capita of $ 1,527. HSBC also predicted that Vietnam's total GDP would overtake Norway, Singapore and Portugal by 2050. Another forecast by PricewaterhouseCoopers in 2008 stated that Vietnam could have the fastest growth among the world's emerging economies by 2025, with a potential growth rate of around 10. % Per year in terms of real dollars. In addition to the primary sector economy with 7.94 million foreign visitors recorded in 2015, tourism has contributed significantly to Vietnam's economic growth.

Vietnam Language

The national language of the country is Vietnamese, a Tunnel Austroasiatic language, spoken by the majority of the population. In its early history, Vietnamese writing used Chinese characters. Vietnamese minority groups speak a wide range of languages, including: Tae, Moging, Cham, Khmer, Chinese, Nong, and Hmong. The Montagnard people of the Central Highlands also speak many different languages, some of which belong to the Austroasiatic and other Malayo-Polynesian language families. In recent years, many sign languages ​​have developed in major cities.

Vietnam Important Facts

  • Vietnam is officially called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It is located in the eastern part of the Indochina Peninsula in the southeast of Asia.
  • Vietnam borders the South China Sea to the east, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and China to the north.
  • Vietnam gained independence from France on 2 September 1945.
  • The total area of ​​Vietnam is 331,230.8 sq km. (127,888.9 sq mi).
  • The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese.
  • The name of the currency of Vietnam is dong (đồng).
  • According to the World Bank, the total population of Vietnam in 2016 was 9.27 crores.
  • The religion of most people in Vietnam is Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.
  • The most important ethnic group in Vietnam is the Vietnamese.
  • The highest mountain in Vietnam is Fansipan, which has a height of 3,143 meters.
  • The longest river in Vietnam is the Mekong River, with a length of 4,350 km.
  • The largest lake in Vietnam is Ba Bể Lake which is 6.5 sq km. Spreads over an area.
  • The largest cave in the world and Vietnam is hang son doong cave, which is 5 km in length. 150 m And the height is about 200 m. Its wall is also called 'Great Wall of Vietnam'.
  • The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, lasted from 1 November 1955 to 30 April 1975 of American resistance in Vietnam.
  • Vietnam is the national animal water buffalo.

Vietnam Important History Events

  • 31 december 1225 - Lý Chiêu Hoàng, the only empress regnant in the history of Vietnam, married Tr?n Thái Tông, making him the first emperor of the Tran Dynasty at age seven.
  • 30 october 1226 - Tran Thu Do, head of the Tran clan of Vietnam, forced Ly HueTong, the last emperor of the Ly dynasty, to commit suicide.
  • 14 june 1285 - Forces led by Prince Tran Quang Khai of Vietnam's Tran Dynastydestroyed most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at ChuongDuong.
  • 23 march 1400 - The Tr?n Dynasty of Vietnam was deposed after 175 years ofrule by H? Quý Ly, a court official.
  • 20 january 1785 - Tây Son forces of Vietnam annihilated an invading Siamese Army who were attempting to restore Nguy?n Ánh to the throne.
  • 22 july 1802 - Gia Long conquered Hanoi and unified modern-day Vietnam, whichhad experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
  • 18 June 1802 - Ga Long was crowned as the first emperor of the Nguyen dynasty in Vietnam.
  • 22 July 1802 - GA Long captured Hanoi to complete his unification of Vietnam.
  • 14 February 1820 - Minh Mang's rule began in Vietnam.
  • 10 may 1833 - Lê Van Khôi broke out of prison to start a revolt againstVietnamese Emperor Minh M?ng, primarily to avenge the desecration ofthe grave of his adopted father Lê Van Duy?t, former viceroy of thesouthern part of Vietnam.

Populated Cities of Vietnam

Yen Bai, Hue, Qui Nhon, Luan Chau, Quang Tri, Chau Doc, Tuy Hoa, Lao Chi, Bien Hoa, Truc Giang, Vinh, Hai Duong, Bac Giang, Ho Chi Minh City, Thai Nguyen, Hanoi, Nha Trang, Cao Bang, Hon Quan, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang, Ca Mau, Long Xuyen, Viet Tri, Buon Me Thuot, Phan Thiet, Rach Gia, Soc Trang, Bac Kan, Da Lat, Quang Ngai, Vung Tau, Thu Dau Mot, Nam Dinh, Bac Lieu, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Haiphong, Son La, Son Tay, Dong Hoi, Phan Rang, Dong Ha, Hong Gai, Ha Tinh, Cao Lanh, Lang Son, Cam Ranh, Play Ku, Tan An, Cam Pha, Tra Vinh, Ninh Binh, Tay Ninh, My Tho, Can Tho, Kon Tum, Hoa Binh, Vinh Long, Da Nang, Bac Ninh, Da Lat, Ba Ria, Dong Xoai, Da Nang, Phu Ly, Vi Thanh, Gia Nghia, Hung Yen, Dien Bien Phu, Lai Chau, Tam Ky, Vinh Yen, Kon Tum,

8 Neighbour countries of Vietnam

Brunei [M] , Cambodia [LM] , China [LM] , Indonesia [M] , Laos [L] , Malaysia [M] , Philippines [M] , Taiwan [M] ,
International Border Definition: L = Land Border (भूमि सीमा)| M = Maritime Border (समुद्री सीमा)

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