|On the initiative of Pope Gregor VII, leader of the Christians, it was decided that the king of the countries should have no interference in the appointment of the religious leaders.
|Isaac Newton, a British physicist, thinker and mathematician, was born. He discovered the main law of gravity or gravity.
|Most of London's Palace of Whitehall, the main residence of the English monarchs dating from 1530, was destroyed by fire.
|Collie Sibber's play "Caesar in Egypt" premiered in London.
|Britain entered a seven-year war against Spain and Naples.
|After having been invested as Prince of Wallachia, Constantine Hanger arrived in Bucharest to assume the throne.
|Louis Braille, the famous person who invented the Braille script for the blind, was born.
|Australian seal hunter Frederick Hausborough discovered Campbell Island in the Subarctic.
|Ferdinand-I, King of Two Sicily, was succeeded by his son Francis-I of Two Sicily.
|Jean Baptiste Gae was elected as Prime Minister of France in place of Comte de Villele.
|American gun inventor Samuel Colt made his first large sale of his revolvers to the Texas Rangers.
|Captain William McDonald discovered McDonald's Island.
|Life magazine was first published in Los Angeles.
|The Fabian Society was established in London.
|The Fabian Society, an intellectual movement whose purpose isto advance the socialist caused by gradualist and reformist methods rather than revolutionary means, was founded in London.
|Dr. William made his first successful operation of appendix.
|Sino-French War-French troops under General François Oscar deNégrier defeated a numerically superior Qing Chinese force at Nui Bopin northern Vietnam.
|Thomas Stevens was the first man to travel by bicycle.
|Topsy, a domesticated elephant with the Forepaugh Circus at Luna Park, Coney Island, was executed by electrocution after it wasdeemed a threat to people, an event captured on film by inventor Thomas Edison.
|The Boy Scout Association was incorporated throughout the then British Empire by royal charter.
|Viceroy Willingdon of the British East Indies arrested Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
|German radio preached a decree to raise school children for war purposes.
|Korean War: Chinese and North Korean troops captured Seoul.
|The first automated unmanned) metro train ran in New York City, USA.
|A magnitude 7.5 Msd earthquake struck Tonghai County, China, killing at least 15, 000 people and spurring the creation of the nation's largest earthquake monitoring system.
|Rose Heilbronn became the first female judge at the Old Bailey in London.
|Last of the Summer Wine, the longest running sitcom in the world, premiered as an episode of the BBC's Comedy Playhouse.
|Harry Schwarz and Mangosuthu Buthelezi signed the Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, the first declaration by black and white SouthAfrican leaders to commit to non-violence and a non-discriminatory society.
|The Troubles-Volunteers from the Ulster Volunteer Force shotdead five Irish Catholic civilians in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
|Around 307 people were killed and 600 injured in a terrible collision of two trains in Sangi village near Pakistan's Sindh province.
|Jan Krzystof Bielicki became the premier of Poland.
|The Tokyo Dome recorded the 8th largest wrestling crowd of about 60,000.
|Rahul Dev Burman R. D. Burman) famous music composer of Hindi films died.
|Gunmen opened fire on Shia Muslims worshiping in a mosque in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
|In the Sardinia island of Italy, the world's oldest man, 112-year-old Atonia Tode, died a few hours after the world's oldest 110-year-old female Maria Grazia Broccol died in a town south of the Italian capital, Rome. .
|Mikhail Saakashvili was elected President of Georgia.
|Spiri, the first of two roversof NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Mission, landed successfully on Mars at 04:35 Ground UTC.
|Prime Minister of Israel Ariel Sharon suffered a severe hemorrhagic stroke, leaving Ehud Olmert as Acting Prime Minister.
|Nancy Pelosi became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, becoming the highest-ranking woman in the history of the U.S. Government.
|The Burj Khalifa skyscraper, the world's tallest structure, officially opened in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
|Burj Khalifa the tallest building was built in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
|VAT of the United Kingdom raised from 17.5% to 2%. It is the highest rate ever in the country.
|Kathryn Gray of Canada becomes the youngest person to discover a supernova. She is only 10 years old.
|Mitt Romney, the US presidential candidate wins the 2012 IOWA cancus. He won by 8 votes over Rick Samporum.
|The president of Argentina, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is hospitalized for surgery for Thyroid Cancer. Amado Boudou, vice-president assumes temporary president of the country.
|The Wegelin CO., The oldest bank in Switzerland closes. The bank is find $57.8 million after pleading guilty to a US case of tax evasion.
|Due to a polar vertex record low temperatures are expected in the US. The cold air from North Pole from US would bring temperature to 15 degrees in Chicago.
|9 people were killed in a car bomb blast in Damascus Syria.
|Louis XV of France survived an assassination attempt by Robert-François Damiens, who later became the last person to be executed in the country by drawing and quartering.
|In Goa, 14 people were killed when a three-storey building collapsed.