1780 in History – What happened in year 1780

✅ Published on April 1st, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1780 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1780.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1780 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
16 januaryAmerican Revolutionary War-The British Royal Navy gained their first major naval victory over their European enemies in the war when they defeated a Spanish squadron in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
19 marchA combination of thick smoke, fog, and heavy cloud cover cause darkness to fall on parts of Canada and the New England area of the United States by noon.
19 mayA combination of thick smoke, fog, and heavy cloud cover causeddarkness to fall on parts of Canada and the New England area of theUnited States by noon.
29 mayAmerican Revolutionary War-A mainly Loyalist force rejectedthe Continental Army troops' surrender and continued killing the Patriotsoldiers, including men who were not resisting.
23 juneAmerican Revolutionary War: The Continental Army victory in the Battle of Springfield effectively put an end to British ambitions in New Jersey.
23 septemberAmerican Revolutionary War-British officer John André was captured by Patriot forces, there by revealing a plot by Continental Army General Benedict Arnold to hand over West Point, New York.
10 octoberOne of the deadliest Atlantic hurricanes on record struck theCaribbean Sea, killing at least 22,000 people over the next severaldays.
04 MayAmerican Academy of Arts and Sciences was established. The American Academy of Arts and Sciences (abbreviation: AAAS) is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States.
02 JuneAnti-Catholic protesters attacked Parliament in London.
13 SeptemberThe elevator was first tested in the city of Chicago, USA. It was built by an American named John Beckbart.
29 JanuaryIndia's first newspaper Hikki Gazette or Bengal Gazette or Calcutta General Advertiser started publishing from Kolkata.
26 MarchBritish newspapers Brit Gadget and Sunday Monitor were first published on Sunday.
29 JanuaryPublication of the country's first newspaper Hikki Gazette or Bengal Gazette or Calcutta General Advertiser from Kolkata. The editor of this English-language newspaper was James Augustus Hickey.
29 FebruaryThe Omicran Delta Omega co-ed fraternity was founded by Benjamin Franklin.
01 MarchPennsylvania became the first American state to be enslaved.
16 AprilThe University of Münster was founded in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
12 MayBritish troops captured Charleston, South Carolina.
02 JuneAnti-Catholic protesters attacked parliament in London.
09 JulyDenmark declared neutrality.
16 AugustBritain defeated the Americans decisively in the Battle of Camden, South Carolina.
21 SeptemberBenedict Arnold gave British Major John Andre a plan for West Point.
07 OctoberThe British Army was defeated by the American Militia near Kings Mountain, South Carolina.
05 NovemberThe French-American force under Colonel LaBalm was defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.
20 DecemberBritain declared war on Holland.


Famous birthdays in the year 1780:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
04 AprilEdward Hicks / Painter / United States of America
05 AprilBenjamin Greene / Business Man / United Kingdom
05 JulyFrançois Carlo Antommarchi / Physician / France
07 AprilWilliam Ellery Channing / Theologian / United States of America
10 January Martin Lichtenstein / Physician / Germany
10 OctoberJohn Abercrombie / Philosopher / Scotland
12 NovemberPiet Retief / Ruler / South Africa
13 DecemberJohann Wolfgang Döbereiner / Chemist / Germany
13 AprilAlexander Mitchell / Engineer / Ireland
14 JuneHenry Salt / Historian / United Kingdom
14 January Henry Baldwin / Politician / United States of America
17 March Thomas Chalmers / Economist / Scotland
18 March Miloš Obrenović / Prince / Serbia
21 MayElizabeth Fry / Philanthropist / United Kingdom
22 NovemberJosé Cecilio del Valle / Journalist / Mexico
23 January Georgios Karaiskakis / General / Greece
26 DecemberMary Somerville / Mathematician / Scotland
29 AugustJean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres / Painter / France
29 MayHenri Braconnot / Chemist / France
29 AprilCharles Nodier / Author / France
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