1794 in History – What happened in year 1794

✅ Published on April 2nd, 2009 in 18th Century in History

In history, year 1794 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1794.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1794 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
14 marchAmerican inventor Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin, the first ever machine that quickly and easily separated cotton fibers from their seedpods.
27 marchTo protect American merchant ships from Barbary pirates, the United States Congress passed the Naval Act to establish a naval force, consisting of the USS Constitution and five other frigates, which eventually became the United States Navy.
01 mayWar of the Pyrenees-France remained nearly all the land it lost to Spain the previous year with its victory in the Battle of Boulou.
07 mayThe Reign of Terror-Branded a traitor, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, a former royal tax collector with the Ferme générale, was tried, convicted, and guillotined on the same day.
07 mayFrench Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre established the Cult of the Supreme Being as the new state religion of the French First Republic.
01 juneThe Glorious First of June, the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the FirstFrench Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars, was fought.
23 juneEmpress Catherine II of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev. Yekaterina Alexeyevna or Catherine II, also known as Catherine the Great, was the most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia. Her reign was called Russia's golden age.
26 juneFrench Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Fleurus marked the first successful military use of aircraft. The French use of the reconnaissance balloon l'Entreprenant marked the first military use of an aircraft that had influence on the outcome of the battle.
27 julyThe National Convention ordered the arrest and execution ofReign of Terror leader Maximilien Robespierre after he encouraged theexecution of more than 17,000 'enemies of the French Revolution'.
28 julyFrench Revolution-Maximilien de Robespierre and Louis Antoinede Saint-Just architects of the Reign of Terror, were executed after having been arrested the previousday.
19 novemberThe United States and Great Britain concluded the Jay Treaty,the basis for ten years of peaceful trade between the two nations.
28 AugustThe period of fear and terror came to an end after the death penalty of Maximilian Robespierre and his comrades in France.
13 JanuaryCongress averaged 15 stars and 15 stripes in the US flag.
04 FebruaryThe French First Republic abolished slavery.
14 MarchEli Whitney was granted a patent for the cotton gene.
30 AprilThe Battle of Balluo was fought, in which the French army defeated the Spanish under General Union.
18 MayBattle of Trecoing: French troops defeated the British Army.
24 JuneBowdoin College was founded in Brunswick, Maine.
12 JulyHoratio Nelson lost sight in his right eye in a British army operation at Calvi in ​​Corsica.
20 AugustThe Fallen Timbers were fought in Northwestern Ohio.
10 SeptemberThe University of Tennessee was founded in Knoxville.
29 OctoberFrench troops captured Venlo.
14 NovemberThe first recording meeting of the Franklin Literary Society was held at the Canonsburg Academy of Modern Washington and Jefferson College).
15 DecemberThe Revolutionary Tribunal was abolished in France.


Famous birthdays in the year 1794:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 NovemberWilliam Cullen Bryant / Poet / United States of America
05 March Robert Cooper Grier / Lawyer / United States of America
05 March Jacques Babinet / Mathematician / France
09 AprilTheobald Boehm / Composer / Germany
10 AprilMatthew C. Perry / Army Officer / Scotland
11 AugustJames B. Longacre / Engraver / United States of America
11 AprilEdward Everett / Politician / United States of America
12 February Alexander Petrov / Chess Player / Russia
13 MayLouis Léopold Robert / Painter / France
13 AprilJean Pierre Flourens / Academic / France
14 DecemberErastus Corning / Politician / United States of America
17 AprilCarl Friedrich Philipp von Martius / Explorer / Germany
20 February William Carleton / Author / Ireland
23 AprilWei Yuan / Author / China
24 JulyJohan Georg Forchhammer / Mineralogist / Denmark
26 OctoberKonstantin Thon / Architect / Russia
26 March Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld / Painter / Germany
27 MayCornelius Vanderbilt / Business Man / United States of America
29 MayJohann Heinrich von Mädler / Astronomer / Germany
31 March Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan / Politician / United States of America
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