1861 in History – What happened in year 1861

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1861 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1861.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1861 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
08 februaryAmerican Civil War-Jefferson Davis was named as the provisional president of the Confederate States of America.
03 marchThe Emancipation Manifesto of Tsar Alexander II wasproclaimed, abolishing serfdom in Imperial Russia.
12 aprilConfederate forces began firing at Fort Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, starting the American Civil War.
19 aprilAmerican Civil War The first bloodshed of the war took place when Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore, Maryland, attacked members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington, D.C.
21 julyIn the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle inthe American Civil War, the Confederate Army under Joseph E. Johnstonand P. G. T. Beauregard routed Union Army troops under Irvin McDowell.
05 augustWith the passage of the Revenue Act, the U.S. government issuedits first income tax-3% of all incomes over $800 (later rescinded in1872).
10 augustAmerican Civil War-The first major battle west of theMississippi River, the Battle of Wilson's Creek, was fought.
28 augustAmerican Civil War-The Union Army successfully extended its blockage strategy by capturing two Confederate forts on North Carolina's Outer Banks.
25 octoberThe Toronto Stock Exchange, the stock exchange with the mostmining and petrochemical companies listed in the world, was established.
07 novemberAmerican Civil War-Future U.S. President Ulysses S. Grantengaged in his first combat leadership role in the Battle of Belmont inMississippi County, Missouri.
09 novemberAmerican Civil War-The USS San Jacinto stopped the British mailship Trent and arrested two Confederate envoys en route to Europe,sparking a major diplomatic crisis between the United Kingdom and the United States.
10 decemberForces led by Nguyn Trung Trc, an anti-colonial guerrillaleader in southern Vietnam, sank the French lorcha L'Esperance.
07 MayIndia's famous Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore was born in Calcutta. Rabindranath Tagore is the first person in Asia to be awarded the Nobel Prize.
14 JulyAn American man named Cott Ling made a machine gun.
31 JulyCherrapunji in Assam received 9,300 milliliters of rain, which became a world record.
24 SeptemberMadame Bhikaji Cama, the principal leader of the nationalist movement in the Indian freedom struggle, was born.
24 OctoberCalifornia Justice Stephen J. Fields sent the first intercontinental telegraph message to US President Lincoln.
02 AugustFamous scientist Prafulla Chandra Rai, who was an Indian, is considered the father of chemistry.
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malviya, a social worker and the leader of Kashi Hindu University, was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
10 MarchCanada's female poet Mrs. Polin Johnson was born. She was born in the faction of the Rand Indian caste who had to migrate to Canada from the United States.
20 MarchThe city of Mendona in Argentina was completely devastated by a powerful earthquake.
11 JanuaryAmerican Civil War: Alabama seceded from the United Nations.
28 FebruaryColorado was established as a territory of the United States.
19 MarchThe first Taranaki war ended in New Zealand.
17 AprilAmerican Civil War: Virginia seceded from the United States.
29 MayThe Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce was established.
19 JuneFrancis Peerpont was elected provisional governor of West Virginia.
17 JulyThe US Congress authorized the money inscribed on paper.
30 AugustJohn Fremons proposed to free the slaves of the Missouri rebels.
16 SeptemberSavings Bank opened in British Post Office.

Famous birthdays in the year 1861:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
02 February Solomon R. Guggenheim / Business Man / United States of America
02 JuneConcordia Selander / Actress / Sweden
02 AprilIván Persa / Author / Slovenia
06 AprilStanislas de Guaita / Poet / France
08 DecemberAristide Maillol / Painter / France
09 JunePierre Duhem / Mathematician / France
11 MayFrederick Russell Burnham / Soldier / United States of America
12 February Lou Andreas-Salomé / Author / Russia
15 February Alfred North Whitehead / Philosopher / United Kingdom
15 February Charles Édouard Guillaume / Academic / France
16 OctoberJ. B. Bury / Historian / Ireland
19 JuneÉmile Haug / Geologist / France
19 MayNellie Melba / Actress / Australia
20 SeptemberHerbert Putnam / Lawyer / United States of America
21 MayAbel Ayerza / Physician / Argentina
23 MayJózsef Rippl-Rónai / Painter / Hungary
26 February Nadezhda Krupskaya / Politician / Russia
27 AprilWilliam Arms Fisher / Historian / United States of America
29 JuneWilliam James Mayo / Surgeon / United States of America
30 SeptemberWilliam Wrigley / Business Man / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1861:

YearName / Profession / Country
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Cama / Activist / India
07 MayRabindranath Tagore / Poet / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
7 MayRabindra Nath Tagore / Writer / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Lawyer / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Scientist / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malviya / Freedom Fighter / India
18 JuneDevaki Nandan Khatri / Writer / India
24 SeptemberBhikaiji Rustom Cama / Freedom Fighter / India
18 JulyKadambini Ganguly / Doctor / India
25 DecemberMadan Mohan Malaviya / Educationist / India
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Freedom Fighter / India
6 MayMotilal Nehru / Lawyer / India
15 SeptemberM. Visvesvaraya / Engineer / India
07 MayRavindra Nath Tagore / Poet / India
06 MayMotilal Nehru / Politician / India
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