1864 in History – What happened in year 1864

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1864 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1864.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1864 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
20 februaryAmerican Civil War-The Union suffered one of its bloodiestlosses at the Battle of Olustee near Lake City, Florida.
11 marchA crack in the Dale Dyke Dam in Sheffield, England, caused itto fail, and the resulting flood killed 238 people and damaged more than600 homes.
12 marchAmerican Civil War: The Union Army began the ill-fated Red River Campaign, in which not a single objective was fully accomplished.
08 aprilAmerican Civil War-A decisive Confederate victory in the Battle of Mansfield stopped the advance of the Union Army's Red River Campaign.
25 aprilAmerican Civil War-Confederate troops overwhelmed a small Union detachment, leading to Union abandonment of their position in Camden, Arkansas.
05 mayAmerican Civil War-Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign in Virginia began with the Battle of the Wilderness in Spotsylvania County.
07 mayThe world's oldest surviving clipper ship, the City of Adelaide Was launched by William Pile, Hay and Co. in Sunderland, England, for transporting passengers and goods between Britain and Australia.
15 mayAmerican Civil War-A small Confederate force, which includedcadets from the Virginia Military Institute, forced the Union Army outof the Shenandoah Valley.
21 mayAmerican Civil War-The Union and Confederate armies fought to a draw at the Battle of Spot sylvania Court House, with nearly 32,000 casualties combined.
12 juneUnion General Ulysses S. Grant pulled his troops out of theBattle of Cold Harbor in Hanover County, Virginia, ending one of the bloodiest, most lopsided battles in the American Civil War.
29 juneCanada's worst railway accident took place when a passenger train fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River near present-day Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec.
11 julyAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces under Jubal Early beganan unsuccessful attempt to capture Washington, D.C..
22 julyAmerican Civil War-Confederate forces unsuccessfully attacked Union troops at the Battle of Atlanta.
05 augustAmerican Civil War-Rear Admiral David Farragut successfully led the Union fleet through a mine field to victory in the Battle of Mobile Bay.
10 augustAfter Uruguay's governing Blanco Party refused Brazil's demands, José Antônio Saraiva announced that the Brazilian military would begin reprisals, beginning the Uruguayan War.
18 augustAmerican Civil War-At the Battle of Globe Tavern, Union forces attempted to sever the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg.
22 augustThe Red Cross movement led by Henry Dunant officially beganwhen twelve European nations signed the First Geneva Convention,establishing the International Committee of the Red Cross.
02 septemberAmerican Civil War-Union forces entered Atlanta, Georgia, a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city, bringing the Atlanta Campaign to a close.
15 octoberAmerican Civil War-The Confederates captured Glasgow,Missouri, although it had little long-term benefit as Price's Missouri Expedition was defeated a week later.
19 octoberAmerican Civil War-Despite incurring nearly twice as many casualties as the Confederates, the Union Army emerged victorious in the Battle of Cedar Creek.
04 novemberAmerican Civil War-Nathan Bedford Forrest led a cavalry division in an attack on a Union Army supply base at Johnsonville,Tennessee, capturing 150 prisoners.
15 novemberAmerican Civil War-Union Army General William T. Sherman beganhis 'March to the Sea', inflicting significant damage to property andinfrastructure on his way from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
29 novemberAmerican Indian Wars-A 700-man Colorado Territory militia attacked a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho, killing 133 Cheyenne and Arapaho men, women, and children.
30 novemberAmerican Civil War-The Confederate States Army suffered its worst disaster of the war as the Army of Tennessee conducted numerous successful frontal assaults against fortified positions at Franklin, Tennessee.
15 decemberAmerican Civil War-Union troops defeated the Army of Tennessee, one of the largest Confederate forces, at the Battle of Nashville.
29 JuneNearly 100 people were killed when a train fell into the Richelieu River on the Grand Trunk railway line near Mont St Hilary town in Quebec, Canada.
15 JulyIn the US, a passenger train loaded with prisoners crashed into a coal train, killing 65 people and wounding 109 out of 955.
05 OctoberAbout 50,000 people died due to the cyclone in Calcutta city.
20 OctoberUS President Abraham Lincoln declared \ 'Thanksgiving Day \' as a national holiday.
29 OctoberGreece adopted the new constitution.


Famous birthdays in the year 1864:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Alfred Stieglitz / Photographer / United States of America
05 JulyStephan Krehl / Composer / Germany
05 January Bob Caruthers / Baseball Player / United States of America
06 February John Henry Mackay / Author / Scotland
09 February Miina Härma / Composer / Estonia
10 SeptemberCarl Correns / Geneticist / Germany
10 JuneNinian Comper / Architect / Scotland
10 OctoberT. Frank Appleby / Politician / United States of America
10 March Ādams Alksnis / Painter / Latvia
11 JuneRichard Strauss / Composer / Germany
11 NovemberAlfred Hermann Fried / Journalist / Austria
12 JuneFrank Chapman / Photographer / United States of America
13 JulyJohn Jacob Astor IV / Business Man / United States of America
13 JuneDwight B. Waldo / Academic / United States of America
17 SeptemberMykhailo Kotsiubynsky / Writer / Ukraine
17 OctoberElinor Glyn / Author / United Kingdom
23 AugustEleftherios Venizelos / Lawyer / Greece
24 JulyFrank Wedekind / Actor / Germany
28 January Herbert Akroyd Stuart / Engineer / United Kingdom
30 March Franz Oppenheimer / Economist / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1864:

YearName / Profession / Country
17 March Joseph Baptista / Lawyer / India
29 JuneAshutosh Mukherjee / Lawyer / India
22 NovemberRukhmabai / Doctor / India
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