1881 in History – What happened in year 1881

✅ Published on April 5th, 2009 in 19th Century in History

In history, year 1881 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1881.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1881 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
12 marchAndrew Watson made his debut with the Scotland national football team and became the world's first black international football player.
16 aprilFamed lawman Bat Masterson of the American Old West engaged in his last gun battle before later becoming a journalist.
12 mayUnder the threat of invasion, the Bey of Tunis Muhammad IIIas-Sadiq signed the Treaty of Bardo to make Tunisia a Frenchprotectorate.
21 mayClara Barton founded the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C.
29 juneIn Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam. Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah was a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan. His proclamation came during a period of widespread resentment among the Sudanese population of the oppressive policies of the Turco-Egyptian rulers, and capitalized on the messianic beliefs popular among the various Sudanese religious sects of the time.
01 julyThe world's first international telephone call was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States. A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network between the calling party and the called party. It was invented by Graham Bell.
02 julyU.S. President James A. Garfield was fatally shot at theBaltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C.
23 julyThe International Federation of Gymnastics, the world's oldestinternational sport federation, was founded in Liège, Belgium.
13 octoberDetermined to bring about the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language as a way of unifying Jews, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda had what isbelieved to be the first modern conversation in Hebrew while living inParis.
14 octoberDetermined to bring about the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language as a way of unifying Jews, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda had what isbelieved to be the first modern conversation in Hebrew while living inParis.
26 octoberThe Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, one of the most famousgunfights in the history of the American Old West, took place inTombstone, Arizona, between the faction of Wyatt Earp and Ike Clanton'sgang.
21 MayUS Nation Lawn Tennis Association was established.
16 JuneAustria and Hungary signed military treaties with Serbia.
11 OctoberAmerican inventor David Henderson Houston patented the first roll of cameras.
31 AugustTennis championship was played for the first time in America.
08 DecemberMore than 800 people died in a theater fire in the European country of Austria, Vienna.
25 JanuaryThomas Alva Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company.
01 FebruarySt. Stephen's College, the oldest college in Delhi, was established.
04 FebruaryThe first issue of the daily newspaper Kesari in the editing of Lokmanya Tilak appeared in the market.
14 FebruaryIndia's first homeopathic medical college was established in Kolkata.
11 MarchThe statue of Ramnath Tagore was installed in the town hall of Calcutta (now Kolkata). She is the first Indian to be enshrined in the town hall.
25 JanuaryThomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell founded the Oriental Telephone Company.
19 FebruaryKansas became the first state to ban all alcoholic beverages.
04 MarchJames A. Garfield was sworn in as the 20th President of the United States.
11 AprilSpelmann College was established.
21 MayThe American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton.
16 JuneAustria - Hungary and Serbia signed military treaties.
01 JulyThe first international conversation over the phone occurred between "Calais" and "St. Stephen's".
27 AugustThe Atlantic's fifth hurricane in Florida and Karolins killed about 700 people.
20 SeptemberChester A. Arthur was sworn in as the 21st President.


Famous birthdays in the year 1881:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 February Tip Snooke / Cricketer / South Africa
01 AugustOtto Toeplitz / Academic / Germany
04 January Wilhelm Lehmbruck / Sculptor / Germany
06 AprilKarl Staaf / Pole Vaulter / Sweden
08 SeptemberHarry Hillman / Runner / United States of America
08 January Linnie Marsh Wolfe / Author / United States of America
10 January Leslie Rainey / Cricketer / Australia
11 OctoberHans Kelsen / Philosopher / United States of America
12 AugustCecil B. DeMille / Producer / United States of America
13 February Eleanor Farjeon / Poet / United Kingdom
14 AprilHusain Salaahuddin / Poet / Maldives
15 NovemberFranklin Pierce Adams / Author / United States of America
16 March Fannie Charles Dillon / Composer / United States of America
19 March Edith Nourse Rogers / Politician / United States of America
19 JuneMaginel Wright Enright / Illustrator / United States of America
20 NovemberArthur Marshall / Composer / United States of America
26 OctoberLouis Bastien / Cyclist / France
29 NovemberArtur Phleps / General / Germany
30 JulySmedley Butler / General / United States of America
30 OctoberElizabeth Madox Roberts / Poet / United States of America
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